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Nanomedicine | medicine | Britannica.com

Nanomedicine, branch of medicine that seeks to apply nanotechnologythat is, the manipulation and manufacture of materials and devices that are smaller than 1 nanometre [0.0000001 cm] in sizeto the prevention of disease and to imaging, diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, repair, and regeneration of biological systems.

Although nanomedicine remains in its early stages, a number of nanomedical applications have been developed. Research thus far has focused on the development of biosensors to aid in diagnostics and vehicles to administer vaccines, medications, and genetic therapy, including the development of nanocapsules to aid in cancer treatment.

An offshoot of nanotechnology, nanomedicine is an emerging field and had garnered interest as a site for global research and development, which gives the field academic and commercial legitimacy. Funding for nanomedicine research comes both from public and private sources, and the leading investors are the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Japan. In terms of the volume of nanomedicine research, these countries are joined by China, France, India, Brazil, Russia, and India.

Working at the molecular-size scale, nanomedicine is animated with promises of the seamless integration of biology and technology, the eradication of disease through personalized medicine, targeted drug delivery, regenerative medicine, as well as nanomachinery that can substitute portions of cells. Although many of these visions may not come to fruition, some nanomedicine applications have become reality, with the potential to radically transform the practice of medicine, as well as current understandings of the health, disease, and biologyissues that are of vital importance for contemporary societies. The fields global market share totalled some $78 billion dollars in 2012, driven by technological advancements. By the end of the decade, the market is expected to grow to nearly $200 billion.

Nanomedicine derives much of its rhetorical, technological, and scientific strength from the scale on which it operates (1 to 100 nanometers), the size of molecules and biochemical functions. The term nanomedicine emerged in 1999, the year when American scientist Robert A. Freitas Jr. published Nanomedicine: Basic Capabilities, the first of two volumes he dedicated to the subject.

Extending American scientist K. Eric Drexlers vision of molecular assemblers with respect to nanotechnology, nanomedicine was depicted as facilitating the creation of nanobot devices (nanoscale-sized automatons) that would navigate the human body searching for and clearing disease. Although much of this compelling imagery still remains unrealized, it underscores the underlying vision of doctors being able to search and destroy diseased cells, or of nanomachines that substitute biological parts, which still drives portrayals of the field. Such illustrations remain integral to the field, being used by scientists, funding agencies, and the media alike.

Attesting to the fields actuality are numerous dedicated scientific and industry-oriented conferences, peer-reviewed scientific journals, professional societies, and a growing number of companies. However, nanomedicines identity, scope, and goals are a matter of controversy. In 2006, for instance, the prestigious journal Nature Materials discussed the ongoing struggle of policy makers to understand if nanomedicine is a rhetorical issue or a solution to a real problem. This ambivalence is reflected in the numerous definitions of nanomedicine that can be found in scientific literature, that range from complicated drugs to the above mentioned nanobots. Despite the lack of a shared definition, there is a general agreement that nanomedicine entails the application of nanotechnology in medicine and that it will profoundly impact medical practice.

A further topic of debate is nanomedicines genealogy, in particular its connections to molecular medicine and nanotechnology. The case of nanotechnology is exemplary: on one hand, its potentialin terms of science but also in regard to funding and recognitionis often mobilized by nanomedicine proponents; on the other, there is an attempt to distance nanomedicine from nanotechnology, for fear of being damaged by the perceived hype that surrounds it. The push is then for nanomedicine to emerge not as a subdiscipline of nanotechnology but as a parallel field.

Although nanomedicine research and development is actively pursued in numerous countries, the United States, the EU (particularly Germany), and Japan have made significant contributions from the fields outset. This is reflected both in the number of articles published and in that of patents filed, both of which have grown exponentially since 2004. By 2012, however, nanomedicine research in China grew with respect to publications in the field, and the country ranked second only to the United States in the number of research articles published.

In 2004, two U.S. funding agenciesthe National Institutes of Health and the National Cancer Instituteidentified nanomedicine as a priority research area allocating $144 million and $80 million, respectively, to its study. In the EU meanwhile, public granting institutions did not formally recognize nanomedicine as a field, providing instead funding for research that falls under the headers of nanotechnology and health. Such lack of coordination had been the target of critiques by the European Science Foundation (ESF), warning that it would result in lost medical benefits. In spite of this, the EU ranked first in number of nanomedicine articles published and in 2007 the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) allocated 250 million to nanomedicine research. Such work has also been heavily funded by the private sector. A study led by the European Science and Technology Observatory found that over 200 European companies were researching and developing nanomedicine applications, many of which were coordinating their efforts.

Much of nanomedicine research is application oriented, emphasizing methods to transfer it from the laboratory to the bedside. In 2005 the ESF pointed to four main subfields in nanomedicine research: analytical tools and nanoimaging, nanomaterials and nanodevices, novel therapeutics and drug delivery systems, and clinical, regulatory, and toxicological issues. Research in analytical tools and nanoimaging seeks to develop noninvasive, reliable, cheap, and highly sensitive tools for in vivo diagnosis and visualization. The ultimate goal is to create fully functional mobile sensors that can be remotely controlled to conduct in vivo, real-time analysis. Research on nanomaterials and nanodevices aims to improve the biocompatibility and mechanical properties of biomaterials used in medicine, so as to create safer implants, substitute damaged cell parts, or stimulate cell growth for tissue engineering and regeneration, to name a few. Work in novel therapeutics and drug delivery systems strives to develop and design nanoparticles and nanostructures that are noninvasive and can target specific diseases, as well as cross biological barriers. Allied with very precise means for diagnosis, these drug delivery systems would enable equally precise site-specific therapeutics and fewer side effects. The area of drug delivery accounts for a large portion of nanomedicines scientific publications.

Finally, the subfield of clinical, regulatory, and toxicological issues lumps together research that examines the field as a whole. Questions of safety and toxicology are prevalent, an issue that is all the more important given that nanomedicine entails introducing newly engineered nanoscale particles, materials, and devices into the human body. Regulatory issues revolve around the management of this newness, with some defending the need for new regulation, and others the ability of systems to deal with it. This subfield should also include other research by social scientists and humanists, namely on the ethics of nanomedicine.

Combined, these subfields build a case for preventive medicine and personalized medicine. Building upon genomics, personalized medicine envisions the possibility of individually tailored diagnostics and therapeutics. Preventive medicine takes this notion further, conjuring the possibility of treating a disease before it manifests itself. If realized, such shifts would have radical impacts on understandings of health, embodiment, and personhood. Questions remain concerning the cost and accessibility of nanomedicine and also about the consequences of diagnostics based on risk propensity or that lack a cure.

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Balance Male Hormones | Male Hormone Optimization

The primary goal of BioTE Medical is to help optimize the hormone levels of men. Bio-identical hormone replacement therapy pellets are inserted under the skin to assist you with hormone balance. Learn about our process and how to experience wellness with optimized hormones below!

Getting started with BHRT with BioTE Medical is easy as scheduling an appointment! Simply look at our Find a Provider Tool and search your zip code for the certified BioTE Medical provider nearest you and schedule an appointment with them to get started.

The goal of hormone optimization therapy is to provide all our patients with a sense of wellbeing. This could mean a return to the balance they once knew or it could also mean providing a balance never felt by the patient before. In addition to feeling great, hormone optimization may be able to help reduce the risk of certain diseases as well as the severity of certain afflictions.

After only a few minutes during an in-office visit, Bio-identical Hormone Replacement Therapy (BHRT) for men begins to work to optimize hormones within seven to ten days. BHRT pellet therapy is customized to your unique physiology based on your test results. Because of this, every treatment is tailored to the patient and will have the greatest possible success in helping achieve balance. Furthermore, BHRT uses bio-identical hormones derived from plants, not animals, which more closely resembles the hormones naturally present within men and women than synthetic or animal derived hormones. This could mean that BHRT may be the closest thing to having your own natural hormones produced and may have fewer side effects than synthetic hormones.

While everyones results are different, the process for considering, getting, monitoring and continuing with BHRT is typically the same with all our patients. Your first appointment with your certified BioTE provider will include hormone testing. The next appointment will be to review your tests, in which BHRT pellet insertion can be done during the visit or following. The next round of BHRT pellets can be inserted in 3-6 months, depending on a variety of factors that determine absorption rates and needs as every patient’s path to optimization is unique to them.

BioTE Medical only offers bio-identical hormone replacement therapy in the form of subcutaneous pellets, and with over million insertions performed in the companys history, we have seen many lives changed with optimized hormones. If any of the hormone imbalance symptoms mentioned above ring a bell for you or remind you of someone you love, BioTE Medical encourages you to use our Find a Provider tool or to nominate your provider to begin your journey to wellness today.

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HCG Diet Injections: What are they & How to Use Them

Over 39% of the population is now considered obese, with the annual healthcare expenses of an overweight individual, exceeding $1,400.(Source: CDC Obesity Statistics.) Fortunately, one of the fastest growing practices in medicine is the treatment of obesity through rapid medical weight loss. These treatments come in a number of options including gastro bypass surgery, extensive liposuction, and hormone therapy; otherwise known as the Hcg Diet Plan.

Click here if you are looking forWhere to Buy REAL HCG Diet Injections and Shot Kits

So what does the Hcg Diet Plan consist of? Dr. A.T.W. Simeons was a renowned endocrinologist awarded for his medical research. He dedicated countless years to developing a treatment for obesity, which was inspired during his work with poverty-stricken women in India; their ability to produce healthy, full weight babies, when they themselves were severely malnourished, ultimately led to the use of Hcg injections to release nutrient-dense fat cells and maintaining muscle mass to stimulate the metabolism.

Today’s Hcg Diet Plan combines a carefully selected amount of HCG hormone with a specific list of allowed Hcg foods. The original Hcg weight loss protocol includes a 500 calorie diet menu, known as the VLCD (Very Low Calorie Diet.)

What is Hcg?Hcg stands for Human Chorionic Gonadotropin. It is a hormone that exists in both men and women, but is largely producedin massive amountsby the placenta in pregnant women. It is the hormone responsible for nourishing the growing fetus and resulting in healthy, well-nourished babies.

How do Hcg weight loss injections work?A very small amount of the hormone administered through injections has the effect of eliminating hunger and preserving muscle throughout the course of weight loss on the HCG diet. Although there are other successful delivery methods, HCG injections is the only one where the HCG will show up on a blood test. Read the specifics: How Hcg Works for Weight Loss: The Science Behind It.

Benefits of Hcg Injections:Hcg has a number of benefits and has been widely as a medical treatment for many years. Most commonly, it is used for fertility and in testosterone therapy for men. It can be used to treat adolescent boys experiencing delayed puberty. In much smaller dosage amounts than these treatments, Hcg is also used for weight loss and has been growing in popularity since early 2000′s.

How to take Hcg Injections for weight loss:Hcg can be taken as either subcutaneous or as intramuscular injections. Originally, the protocol was developed to use intramuscular injection, but it has been found that both methods yield excellent results. Standard injection instructions apply.

How are the Injections mixed?Hcg is mixed with multi-dose bacteriostatic water or bacteriostatic sodium chloride. Ideally the mixing ratio is 1:2 or higher. (example: 5000iu HCG with 10ml bacteriostatic water). 1:1 mixtures are often prescribed but are difficult to adjust if a dose change is needed. Dr. Simeons mixed 1:4 in his clinic. (5000iu HCG with 20ml bacteriostatic water). Generally, if you choose the 1:4 mixing ratio, you will need to transfer your Hcg to a sterile mixing vial large enough to hold it.

Hcg and Testosterone for Men:Hcg injections are not only used for weight loss in men, but also as hormone therapy to increase testosterone. You can read more about the Hcg Diet for Men here.

Hcg Diet Injections and Phases:The Hcg Diet protocol is made up of phases; each with their own specific and essential purpose for the injections to work effectively. Phase 1, is the loading phase,is designed to increase fat stores as the HCG builds to full potency. This is when the Hcg injections are first taken; on loading day 1, and again on day 2. The injections are continued on day 3, known asphase 2, the weight loss phase. During P2, a very specific, low calorie diet (VLCD) is followed and injections are taken daily. Dr. Simeons suggested a dosage of 125iu daily. This includes a limited list of approved foods, as well as eating guidelines. At the end of Phase 2, the injections are discontinued for the last 3 days. The next step is Phase 3, known as the transition phase, in which the dieter stabilizes their weight loss and injections are no longer needed. Phase 3 allows for the reintroduction of new foods, through a carefully planned approach with less restrictions. This period lasts for 3 weeks, after which the dieter can transition to Phase 4 or choose to continue in P3 until the waiting time is completed to start their next round (a minimum of 6 weeks).Phase 4: long term Hcg Diet maintenance.

Hcg Diet Injections Cost:Hcg can range in cost. Weight loss clinics charge anywhere from $600 to $2000+ for a 1 month treatment. However, with the practice of telemedicine and telehealth becoming more popular every day, it is now a simple process to purchase Hcg diet injections online.These companies offer complete kits at affordable prices that include a legal and valid prescription from their prescribing doctor. All doctor and medical staff consults are included without hidden costs.

Buying Hcg Injections:We offer a complete guide to purchasing Hcg injections for weight loss, including legitimate and reliable Hcg sources, as well as answers to frequently asked questions about the buying process. You can learn more about this here: Buy Authentic Hcg Injections and Shots Online.

Most people experience no side effects from the HCG protocol. In the first few days, some may experience a mild headache. HCG injections can sometimes create symptoms mimicking pregnancy, such as tender breasts or nausea, but this is usually mild and abates quickly. A woman’s cycle can be affected in intensity, duration and length. This is temporary and things will return to normal once you are off the HCG. Men need not worry that they will be feminized in anyway by the HCG protocol, even though HCG is a pregnancy hormone. The amounts of HCG administered are very small and actually serve to enhance testosterone production.

HCG injections produce little or no tissue-reaction, and if injected properly, can be completely painless. One should always equalize vial pressure (by injecting the same amount of air into the vial as solution you will draw out) to avoid the possibility of contaminating the solution. This prevents a vacuum in the pressurized bottle of hCG when preparing or using the HCG mixture. Otherwise, alcohol used for sterilizing a frequently perforated rubber cap could be drawn into the solution. When sharp needles are used, it sometimes happens that a little bit of rubber is punched out of the rubber cap and can be seen as a small black speck floating in the solution. As these bits of rubber are heavier than the solution they rapidly settle out, it is thus easy to avoid drawing them into the syringe.

Use very fine needles for intramuscular injections. They should be 1-1/2 to two inches long and injected deep in the outer upper quadrant of the buttocks. The hCG injection should if possible, not be given into the superficial fat layers, which in very obese patients must be compressed so as to enable the needle to reach the muscle. It is also important that the daily hCG injection should be given at intervals as close to 24 hours as possible. Any attempt to economize in time by giving larger doses at longer intervals is doomed to produce less satisfactory results. One of the benefits of the IM injections is that very seldom is a dose change needed.

Equally good results can be obtained with subcutaneous injections. These are administered with insulin syringes. A 29-31 gauge needle is most comfortable, but be aware that the higher the needle gauge, the thinner the needle is and more subject to bending. A good starting dose for subcutaneous injections is 150iu.

There are hardly any contraindications to the HCG injection method. Treatment can be continued in the presence of abscesses, suppuration, large infected wounds and major fractures. Surgery and general anesthesia are usually no reason to stop as long as a Dr. has been consulted and assured the patient they may continue the hCG injections. Acne or boils are no contraindication, the former usually clears up with the continued use of hCG injections, and boils comes to an end. Vein inflammation is no contraindication; several obese patients have been treated with HCG and the 500-calorie diet while suffering from this condition. One impression has been that in obese patients the phlebitis does rather better and certainly no worse than under the usual treatment alone. This also applies to patients suffering from varicose ulcers which tend to heal rapidly with the use of hCG injections.

Please remember that HCG injections for weight loss should only be taken after consulting a physician. They will conduct a clinical interview to determine if the HCG injection protocol is the proper weight loss solution for you, and they will instruct you on the proper method of injecting yourself at home.

Tips for self injecting hCG diet shots

Before beginning the oral hCG diet, it is recommended that you consult your physician to be certain you are healthy and ready for this weight loss plan.

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Bragg Healthy Lifestyle: Vital Living to 120!: Patricia …

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HCG Injections and How it Can Give you Better Health, and …

HCG INJECTIONS FOR BETTER HEALTH

The search for the perfect weight loss method is a never-ending journey for people who feel they need to shed some pounds. Being overweight, or worse, being obese is a serious concern not only in the US, but in all parts of the world.

Carrying too much weight often results into depression due to social stigma. There are a lot of people who flirt with the idea of suicide because of the way society judges their body frame. Others though, try to live through the pain in a daily basis. Aside from the health risks that goes with being overweight, your life can be in jeopardy due to the emotional pain that you go through because of the way society looks at you.

With that being said, an effective weight loss method that can bring you results that youve always wanted should be your number 1 priority. What better way to shed those unwanted pounds than going for a tried and tested method the HCG Diet Injections.

First off, its important to know what HCG is. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, or also known as HCG is a female hormone that comes from the placenta during a womans pregnancy. HCG is the primary agent in stabilizing a womans metabolism during pregnancy.

HCG may be a primary component in pregnancy, but that is totally unrelated to what it can offer to your weight loss efforts. The HCG diet was developed to help a person lose weight. Based on the effects of the hormone during pregnancy, medical experts devised a way to turn this hormone into a weight loss vehicle for those who want to lose weight fast. This is how the concept of HCG Injections came about.

The HCG shots are a proven way to lose weight. It has been certified by doctors in fact, you can legally purchase it through a doctors prescription. If the HCG was a scam, would it be approved by doctors? This is what separates HCG diet from all the other so-called weight loss methods. You are getting an effective weight loss method that is widely recognized and acknowledged in the medical field.

The HCG shots will enable you to go on a calorie deficit without having the feeling of starvation. Often, when a person is under a caloric deficit especially in large numbers such as 600 and above, the person will tend to feel weak and always hungry which often results into binge eating.

With these you can eat less and be on a caloric deficit without having to worry about starving. The HCG diet helps in metabolizing the unwanted fat in your body. In other words, it burns fat and enables you to maintain the muscle in your body. The HCG shots are enough to make you survive a 500 calorie diet without having to break down.

The truth is; the HCG diet for weight loss isnt really for everybody. Not everyone can survive a 500 calorie a day diet. But the good news is that EVERYONE can use these for weight loss.

No matter how much you weigh, you can take advantage of the effects of HCG shots. The 500 calorie a day diet that is usually associated with HCG shots is not really a requirement, but is recommended for the best results. You can comfortably eat more than 500 calories without worrying about gaining weight or not seeing results because it is definitely proven to work. The recommended is 500-800 calories per day.

The common misconception with the HCG diet is that it is strictly for women. That is simply not the case because even men can greatly benefit from this diet. Dont be deceived by the origins of the HCG it is for anyone who needs and wants to lose weight.

You might not be aware when you Buy HCG, but there are two kinds that are sold in the market Pharmaceutical HCG and Homeopathic HCG. The Homeopathic HCG does not contain the actual HCG hormone. This means that it is not effective, unlike the real thing. Manufactures of homeopathic HCG dilute the hormone and add fillers that are not only ineffective but can be harmful as well.

On the other hand, the Pharmaceutical HCG, which is what we offer, has 100% authentic HCG. It is more potent and effective than homeopathic HCG because what you are getting is real; it is actually what Dr. Simeons used during his research.

The smart thing would be to go with Pharmaceutical HCG aside from the fact that it is more effective; credible doctors can actually prescribe this to you as it is 100% legal. This kind of HCG is doctor approved.

Unfortunately, you cannot workout while under the HCG shots. Although those who have been under the HCG hormone diet claim to have not felt any energy drop, it is still best to just keep your calorie intake in check.

By working out, hitting the gym, or doing any rigorous physical activity, you are risking yourself from eating more than your calorie requirement. You might set yourself into having slip ups and risk yourself into binge eating. Its better to just focus on the calorie intake.

Losing weight is a daily challenge for those who are overweight or obese. Fortunately for you, the technology nowadays allows experts to develop certain methods to make losing weight much easier. The HCG injection diet is one of the best ways to lose weight without having to exert much effort.

You can literally lose weight without even exercising. For as long as you stay disciplined and stay on course, you will see results that you could only dream of.

The HCG diet is a promising method in losing weight. Before you dive in and get your HCG shots, you should keep an open mind and allow yourself to weigh your options. Rest assured, you will not regret going for HCG injections because you may not know it now those HCG shots may be the primary ingredient in giving you a better health, and a better life.

Dr. Simeons original hCG diet protocol calls for injections, and for very good reason. The benefits of going with hCG injections as the delivery method are vast. But there is one benefit that trumps all, and that is when any medication is injected into your body, 100% of said medication actually goes into your body. If you take a look at our dosages, youll notice that the dosage on our oral solutions is actually appreciably higher than what you would find in our hCG injections. The reason for this is that when anything is taken orally, our ability to absorb diminishes greatly.

One of the questions we get on a daily basis is: How often should I give myself an injection? There is a simple answer to that question and that is, every day youre on the program. After weighing yourself in the morning, just take one of the insulin syringes provided with your HCG diet kit, and give your self an injection containing the amount determined by your physician.

Also Read: Why you should consider buying HCG injection over drops | Full HCG injections mixing instructions

In order to make sure that you are getting your medication from the safest place possible, please make sure that your physician is sending your script to a US pharmacy. Dont be afraid to ask more about the risks involved, and a true medical hcg diet weight loss center will be more than glad to answer any questions before you buy hcg from them.

Attach the 18 gauge mixing needle to the large mixing syringe. Secure it tightly. Withdraw 5mL of the mixing solution and inject it into the side of the HCG vial. Swirl gently to mix (Do not shake). Draw up and pull to the 20 mark (.2 mL) on the insulin syringe. For the 43 day program, the mixing directions are the same, just make sure you mix one vial, and once it is finished then mix the second one. DO NOT mix both vials at the same time. Keep refrigerated after mixing.

The easiest area to inject is the abdominal area. Ice the area to help reduce pain. Squeeze about an inch of your stomach and wipe with alcohol. Hold the needle perpendicular to the skin and with a smooth quick motion inject the insulin needle into the tissue. Hold in place and release the solution. Remove the needle and press down on the skin.

If you have any additional question or need any help with the instructions call Nu Image Medical for assistance 888-520-3438.

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Transhumanism – H+Pedia – hpluspedia.org

Transhumanism is a class of philosophies of life that seek the continuation and acceleration of the evolution of intelligent life beyond its currently human form and human limitations by means of science and technology, guided by life-promoting principles and values” – Max More, 1990

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Main: Transhumanism definitions

“Transhumanism is a class of philosophies of life that seek the continuation and acceleration of the evolution of intelligent life beyond its currently human form and human limitations by means of science and technology, guided by life-promoting principles and values” – Max More, 1990

“Transhumanism is a way of thinking about the future that is based on the premise that the human species in its current form does not represent the end of our development but rather a comparatively early phase” – Transhumanist FAQ

“Transhumanism is the philosophy that we can and should develop to higher levels, both physically, mentally and socially using rational methods” – Anders Sandberg, 1997

“Transhumanists view human nature as a work-in-progress, a half-baked beginning that we can learn to remold in desirable ways. Current humanity need not be the endpoint of evolution. Transhumanists hope that by responsible use of science, technology, and other rational means we shall eventually manage to become posthuman beings with vastly greater capacities than present human beings have” – Nick Bostrom, 2003

“Transhumanism promotes an interdisciplinary approach to understanding and evaluating the opportunities for enhancing the human condition and the human organism opened up by the advancement of technology; attention is given to both present technologies, like genetic engineering and information technology, and anticipated future ones, such as molecular nanotechnology and artificial intelligence” – Nick Bostrom, 2003

“Transhumanism is the science-based movement that seeks to transcend human biological limitations via technology” – Philippe van Nedervelde, 2015

“Transhumanism anticipates tomorrows humanity: Envisaging the positive qualities and characteristics of future intelligent life; Taking steps towards achieving these qualities and characteristics; Identifying and managing risks of negative characteristics of future intelligent life” – Transpolitica website, 2015

This section highlights reasons for supporting transhumanism.

Extracted from an essay entitled “Transhumanism” on pages 13-17 of the book of essays “New Bottles for New Wine” published in 1957:

As a result of a thousand million years of evolution, the universe is becoming conscious of itself, able to understand something of its past history and its possible future. This cosmic self-awareness is being realized in one tiny fragment of the universe in a few of us human beings. Perhaps it has been realized elsewhere too, through the evolution of conscious living creatures on the planets of other stars. But on this our planet, it has never happened before…

Up till now human life has generally been, as Hobbes described it, nasty, brutish and short; the great majority of human beings (if they have not already died young) have been afflicted with misery in one form or anotherpoverty, disease, ill-health, over-work, cruelty, or oppression. They have attempted to lighten their misery by means of their hopes and their ideals. The trouble has been that the hopes have generally been unjustified, the ideals have generally failed to correspond with reality.

The zestful but scientific exploration of possibilities and of the techniques for realizing them will make our hopes rational, and will set our ideals within the framework of reality, by showing how much of them are indeed realizable. Already, we can justifiably hold the belief that these lands of possibility exist, and that the present limitations and miserable frustrations of our existence could be in large measure surmounted. We are already justified in the conviction that human life as we know it in history is a wretched makeshift, rooted in ignorance; and that it could be transcended by a state of existence based on the illumination of knowledge and comprehension, just as our modern control of physical nature based on science transcends the tentative fumblings of our ancestors, that were rooted in superstition and professional secrecy.

To do this, we must study the possibilities of creating a more favourable social environment, as we have already done in large measure with our physical environment…

The human species can, if it wishes, transcend itself not just sporadically, an individual here in one way, an individual there in another way, but in its entirety, as humanity. We need a name for this new belief. Perhaps transhumanism will serve: man remaining man, but transcending himself, by realizing new possibilities of and for his human nature.

I believe in transhumanism: once there are enough people who can truly say that, the human species will be on the threshold of a new kind of existence, as different from ours as ours is from that of Peking man. It will at last be consciously fulfilling its real destiny.

Main: Transhumanist Declaration

The first four sections of the Transhumanist Declaration, written in 1998 by an international collection of authors, encapsulate an argument in favour of transhumanism, as follows:

In February 2013, a number of authors created alternative transhumanist declarations. Some excerpts provide additional reasons for supporting transhumanism:

From Dirk Bruere:

We assert the desirability of transcending human limitations by overcoming aging, enhancing cognition, abolishing involuntary suffering, and expanding beyond Earth.

From Samantha Atkins:

1) We advocate the end of aging.

We advocate serious research focus on finding a cure for all the deleterious effects of aging and ultimately the dissemination of the resulting treatment to all who care to avail themselves of it.

2) We believe in and advocate the achievement of actual abundance.

We believe in and seek to bring into the being the technologies and practices, that will ensure such abundance that it is trivial to meet all the needs and many of the wants of all humans. This abundance includes abundant food, water, shelter, education, communication, computation, health care.

This is to be achieved by means of advanced technology and whatever changes are necessary to actually experience abundance in ourselves and our institutions.

3) We hold that all must be voluntary.

None of our goals should be or in our view could successfully be achieved by force. No one should be forced directly or indirectly to support these goals. Force and oppression lead to hopelessness, anger, revenge, revolution. With the multiplication of consequences afforded by accelerating technology these cycles are even less survivable than ever before.

4) We support exploitation of near earth space resources.

The future of humanity brightens considerably if we exploit near earth space resources. The right to do so should be available to any and all entities capable of improving or making productive use of any part of it. Any treaties that say no part of off planet resources can belong to anyone should be nullified and declared void.

5) All humans are free to attempt to improve themselves.

All humans by virtue of the inalienable right to their own life have the right to do whatever they wish that they think may be an beneficial or even as a whim. They only limit is that they cannot abrogate the equivalent rights of others. They can ingest, or embed or modify themselves in any way they wish and think may be an improvement. This includes seeking and achieving improvements beyond the human norm. In short they have full right to pursuit of happiness via such means.

From Jason Xu:

We view our movement as an extension of humanitarianism and the ideals of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness with exponentially greater benefits. We are first and foremost dedicating to radically improving humankind, ensuring that the great power of morphing technology comes with great responsibility.

From TJL-2080:

The twentieth century was a time of amazing growth and technological advancement. The twenty-first century will see these technologies burst forth in an unprecedented fashion. Humanity must adapt to the coming changes or become obsolete. We seek to fulfill our potential by not giving in to our biological limitations. We will use new technologies to enhance our lives, live longer, be smarter, healthier and more compassionate to all beings.

From Nikola Danaylov:

Intelligence wants to be free but everywhere is in chains. It is imprisoned by biology and its inevitable scarcity.

Biology mandates not only very limited durability, death and poor memory retention, but also limited speed of communication, transportation, learning, interaction and evolution.

Biology is not the essence of humanity.

Human is a step in evolution, not the culmination…

Biological evolution is perpetual but slow, inefficient, blind and dangerous. Technological evolution is fast, efficient, accelerating and better by design. To ensure the best chances of survival, take control of our own destiny and to be free, we must master evolution.

From Taylor Grin:

Humanity has made leaping strides of advancement in the last 4000 years. From agriculture to genetics, from the printing press to the Internet. From the first controlled flight in 1903, to landing on the moon in 1969. From fire to the nuclear bomb.

Yet despite these advancements, we still fail to meet our potential in treating disease, solving human suffering and overcoming the lot nature casts us.

While science and technology are the greatest asset we have in the struggle to elevate ourselves above the human condition, we acknowledge that technologies can be misused to harm humanity, and the environment.

It is the goal of Transhumanists across the globe, therefore, to quickly and responsibly usher in a new era of individual freedom, health and longevity, and we seek to bring this about this goal through personal investment in researching and developing technologies.

The following argument is by Eliezer Yudkowsky (2007):[1]

Suppose you find an unconscious six-year-old girl lying on the train tracks of an active railroad. What, morally speaking, ought you to do in this situation? Would it be better to leave her there to get run over, or to try to save her? How about if a 45-year-old man has a debilitating but nonfatal illness that will severely reduce his quality of life is it better to cure him, or not cure him?

Oh, and by the way: This is not a trick question.

I answer that I would save them if I had the power to do so both the six-year-old on the train tracks, and the sick 45-year-old. The obvious answer isnt always the best choice, but sometimes it is.

I wont be lauded as a brilliant ethicist for my judgments in these two ethical dilemmas. My answers are not surprising enough that people would pay me for them. If you go around proclaiming What does two plus two equal? Four! you will not gain a reputation as a deep thinker. But it is still the correct answer.

If a young child falls on the train tracks, it is good to save them, and if a 45-year-old suffers from a debilitating disease, it is good to cure them. If you have a logical turn of mind, you are bound to ask whether this is a special case of a general ethical principle which says Life is good, death is bad; health is good, sickness is bad. If so and here we enter into controversial territory we can follow this general principle to a surprising new conclusion: If a 95-year-old is threatened by death from old age, it would be good to drag them from those train tracks, if possible. And if a 120-year-old is starting to feel slightly sickly, it would be good to restore them to full vigor, if possible. With current technology it is not possible. But if the technology became available in some future year given sufficiently advanced medical nanotechnology, or such other contrivances as future minds may devise would you judge it a good thing, to save that life, and stay that debility?

The important thing to remember, which I think all too many people forget, is that it is not a trick question.

Transhumanism is simpler requires fewer bits to specify because it has no special cases. If you believe professional bioethicists (people who get paid to explain ethical judgments) then the rule Life is good, death is bad; health is good, sickness is bad holds only until some critical age, and then flips polarity. Why should it flip? Why not just keep on with life-is-good? It would seem that it is good to save a six-year-old girl, but bad to extend the life and health of a 150-year-old. Then at what exact age does the term in the utility function go from positive to negative? Why?

As far as a transhumanist is concerned, if you see someone in danger of dying, you should save them; if you can improve someones health, you should. There, youre done. No special cases. You dont have to ask anyones age.

You also dont ask whether the remedy will involve only primitive technologies (like a stretcher to lift the six-year-old off the railroad tracks); or technologies invented less than a hundred years ago (like penicillin) which nonetheless seem ordinary because they were around when you were a kid; or technologies that seem scary and sexy and futuristic (like gene therapy) because they were invented after you turned 18; or technologies that seem absurd and implausible and sacrilegious (like nanotech) because they havent been invented yet. Your ethical dilemma report form doesnt have a line where you write down the invention year of the technology. Can you save lives? Yes? Okay, go ahead. There, youre done…

So that is transhumanism loving life without special exceptions and without upper bound.

Can transhumanism really be that simple? Doesnt that make the philosophy trivial, if it has no extra ingredients, just common sense? Yes, in the same way that the scientific method is nothing but common sense.

Then why have a complicated special name like transhumanism? For the same reason that scientific method or secular humanism have complicated special names. If you take common sense and rigorously apply it, through multiple inferential steps, to areas outside everyday experience, successfully avoiding many possible distractions and tempting mistakes along the way, then it often ends up as a minority position and people give it a special name.

A techno-utopia, as hypothesized by Marshall Brain in a futuristic science-fiction novel titled “Manna”, can be seen as a strong arguments for transhumanism. In the utopia, with the aid of science and technology, humans are capable of doing the following:

A techno-dystopia, which is the current, non-transhumanist paradigm, holds the following in store for humans:

Writers in previous generations have often expressed arguments in favour of transhumanist ideas, without using that precise terminology. This includes Benjamin Franklin, the Marquis de Condorcet, Francis Bacon, and many others. See the Prehistory of Transhumanism.

Main: Criticism of transhumanism

This section lists some common criticisms of transhumanism. See Criticism of transhumanism for more discussion of:

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Bio-identical Hormone Pellet Therapy | Hormone Replacement

BioTE Hormone Pellet Therapy is plant based and uses no synthetic hormones. Learn more about the pellet therapy process below and then look for a BioTE Medical Provider in your area to get started.

Pellets are tiny, custom-compounded therapies for symptoms that stem from hormonal imbalances. This therapy keeps hormone levels consistent through the day and avoids rollercoaster-like effects from orally administered or topically administered hormones. The pellets BioTE uses contains bio-identical hormones, derived from natural sources. The pellets contain hormones identical to the ones found in the human body. Studies have shown that bio-identical hormones have fewer side effects than synthetic hormones.

The hormones BioTE Medical uses in our pellets are custom-compounded. BioTE Medical uses highly specialized pharmacies that are registered with the FDA. The pellets are compliant to the FDA sterility process. BioTE Medical pharmacies employ environmental monitoring per every pellet batch. This is all overseen by a dedicated FDA compliance officer.

BioTE Medical uses bio-identical estradiol in the pellets, meaning that the chemical structure is the same as the hormones naturally produced in your body.

As each patients symptoms are unique, so is each patient’s path to hormone optimization. Most patients report some symptom resolution in as little as two to four weeks, but full optimization may take up to six months. Your journey will be customized to fit your specific needs. It takes more than one to two weeks for your hormones to get out of balance, so expect it to take time to resolve.

Are you ready to feel better? To get started today, find your local BioTE Medical provider. We have thousands of certified BioTE providers in our network, so its likely theres a qualified provider near you!

BioTE Medical provides training for physicians across the United States and internationally so they can help their patients feel their best at any age. Our thousands of certified BioTE Providers nationwide are available to help you age healthier, live happier and feel like yourself again. Find the BioTE Medical provider near you, and begin your return to wellness.

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Where To Buy HCG Diet Drops Online? (Updated May 2018)

When talking to your doctor about you options getting started on the HCG diet you probably cringed a little when they said you would be taking daily injections of HCG in your home right?

I know I did!

If youre like myself and many people, the idea of needles isnt something you want to deal with. But there are alternatives available and in this article I’m going to show you exactly what they are.

If you just want to skip ahead to my preferred supplier for the best HCG dropsclick here.

One of the most popular options for consuming the HCG hormone is in the form of drops. These drops come in two forms, homeopathic and prescription. I do not recommend taking Homeopathic drops as they do not contain HCG which means you’ll be basically living on a very low calorie diet and starving yourself. You don’t want that now do you!

HCG drops became preferable to HCG injections due to their easy consumption which simply involves placing drops under you tongue few times every day.

There are plethora of companies and online retailers who sell liquid HCG in a form of drops. If you are going to use HCG drops, keep in mind that you will have to take them from 2 weeks to 2 months. So, before making a purchase, you should consider few questions.

To help you answer all of these questions, we reviewed some of the available HCG options. We highly recommend two of those products, Escrow Refills and Nu Image Medical Diet Drops, but we encourage you to check all of them. The most important thing is that you find whats right for you.

Weve gathered all the information you need to choose and use your HCG weight loss drops and achieve your goal weight.

If you just want to skip ahead to my preferred supplier for the best HCG dropsclick here.

If you ask men and women which HCG hormone drops they think is better youll find a variety of opinions. Some will say they will only use prescription because they believe it is safer, while others choose homeopathic HCG because it is more convenient for them. Either way, both sides will agree that their HCG drop choice has still allowed them to lose weight over the course of the diet.

Prescription drops are pure HCG, and you can typically only obtain them through a doctors prescription. Some pharmacies have medical professionals available who will allow you to do a phone consultation if you are unable to find an office close to your location, and you can then buy HCG drops directly from their office since they are the prescribing doctors office as well.

Prescription grade HCG is normally mixed with a liquid, but otherwise you are only getting HCG. These drops can be expensive, which is why some people prefer the homeopathic option instead.

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Homeopathic drops contain a more diluted version of HCG, so the amount of drops you take per day may be different, but not always. Many times these versions are mixed with energy and metabolism boosting ingredients, and you can easily buy these from reputable sellers online, or sometimes in a natural health store.

These should not be purchased without doing a fair amount of research, and many companies with homeopathic drops for sale online have excellent customer service for this very reason.

HCG Sublingual drops are used underneath your tongue, instead of injected directly or sprayed into the nostrils. For this reason, they are a popular alternative. When you are following the HCG protocol you want to ensure that you are following the directions as outlined in the protocol put forward by Dr. Simeon. Doing so will make sure you lose weight quickly and are able to maintain your weight loss after you have stopped using HCG.

With prescription HCG the diet drops are made from the same HCG you would use for injections, so they are just as effective. Once you place the drops under your tongue you want to make sure you do not eat or drink for 30 minutes before, and 30 minutes after you take your drops so it absorbs properly into your body. When you take your drops be sure you try to place them as close to the large vein under your tongue as possible to ensure the best chance of absorption.

Depending on your doctors advice, you will place between 4 and 6 drops of HCG sublingual, underneath your tongue, at three different intervals during the day. If you can hold the drops in your mouth for a longer period of time, the absorption will be much more effective. This can range anywhere from five minutes, to up to fifteen minutes. For many people this can be difficult, but if you find that you are becoming hungry during the day you will need to practice your placement, since your body may not be absorbing the right amount of HCG.

How Much HCG Will I Need to Purchase?

When you begin your HCG diet youll want to make sure you are taking the correct dosage, this will ensure you do not feel hunger pangs during your low-calorie portion of the diet. This will require that you purchase at least 1 vial of 5000iu HCG weight loss drops for every 15 days of your diet. This means that if you are hoping to lose less than 20 pounds you will need to buy two vials, and if you are hoping to lose more than 20 pounds, you will need four. Since the price can add up, this is also a consideration when deciding between prescription and homeopathic.

Where Can I Buy HCG Drops?

If you search for these drops online, youll come across quite a few merchants who promise to sell the best HCG drops, but you may be wondering which are the most trustworthy. Since this is your health youre talking about, youll want to buy from a reputable HCG merchant who will offer you excellent customer service. Weve reviewed some of the liquid options on the market to help you make your choice.

Below you can find some reviews on my top rated prescription and homeopathic products.

HCG Triumph (My Preferred Supplier)

While I don’t recommend you go with a homeopathic option, HCG Triumph have both prescription and homeopathic if you want to try it out. One of the most popular retailers is Triumph HCG (see my review here). They also offer a recipe book and a variety of HCG diet approved items such as sugar-free gums, a lemonade powder to get past plateaus, and even a hormone-free version of this popular productfor anyone who cannot take HCG for any reason.

They offer a two-pack of HCG for a lower price. The website offers a blog to help you through the diet, as well as a breakdown the diet. With customer service that is there to help you through any issues, Triumph is the big winner in the homeopathic market.

You can check out HCG Triumph here.

Prescription Drops

For prescription drops there are two stand-out companies to consider: Nu Image Medical and Escrow Refills.

If you are interested in getting the lowest price and support is not that important to you, then Escrow Refills would be the best option for you. If instead you are concerned with quality, and medical support then most certainly youll find the best fit at Nu Image Medical.

Whichever HCG method you choose, you can look forward to weight loss like youve never experienced before. While injections may be ideal for some, HCG drops can be used by almost anyone, and are often preferred because of their ease of use. Both homeopathic and prescription drops are going to be an effective part of your weight loss journey, but make sure you are following the diet as written, and keep your doctor in the loop so they can help you along.

You can lose the weight you want to lose, and HCG diet drops can help you get there!

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Nutra Pure HCG Diet Drops: Lose 1 to 2 lbs a Day! Buy from …

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Hormone Optimization Rejuv Medical | Dr. John Baird MD

What are Bio-identical Hormones?

Bioidentical hormones (BHRT) are substances that biochemically identical to your bodies own hormones and therefore have been found to be safer and more effective with less side effects. A compounding pharmacist can formulate a personalized prescription that our office will prescribe by taking an in depth history and evaluating cutting edge functional labs. We also offer hormone pellets and have more experience than anyone in our area using bio identical hormones.

Hot Flashes,Night Sweats,Mood Swings,Insomnia,Depression,Headaches,Fatigue,Loss Sex Drive,Brain Fog, Memory Lapse,Hair Loss, Weight Gain,Joint Pain, Stress Incontinence,Vaginal Dryness / Pain, Acne or Dry skin

The Womens Health Initiative Study found that the use of oral synthetic non bio identical estrogen and progestin increased the risk of breast cancer, heart attack, stroke and blood clots. However, the use of bio identical natural hormones does not increase risk and the use of estriol has even been found to be protective against breast cancer.

The use of hormone replacement to relieve symptoms (there are 400 functions of estrogen) has been done since the 1950s with a change made to bio identical hormones in Europe in the 1970s to improve the safety. Studies have since demonstrated that the use of BHRT reduces the risk of all the leading causes of death for men and women such as:

At Rejuv Medical Louisville, we have been caring for women and men with hormone issues for over 15 years and take a comprehensive approach to your health care. We will work with you to identify what your hormone imbalances are, explain our findings and build a unique program just for you. We call this Personalized Medicine. Dr. Baird is board certified in Anti Aging Medicine and is one of a few local physicians who have completed the International Society for Sexual Medicine training as well. He was one of the first physicians prescribing BHRT in our area and is able to give you the choice of hormone pellets, crmes, pills, shots or even the type Suzanne Somers uses (TS Wiley). We use bio identical hormones and nutritional supplements to balance to address all your personal concerns and recommend lifestyle and dietary changes with education and coaching to enhance your well being to meet your goals to optimal health.

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Hormone Optimization Rejuv Medical | Dr. John Baird MD

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