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Blood clot risk — and other problems — might be tied to how tall you are – CNN

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That blood clot risk was lowest among the shortest women and men and appeared to increase with height, the research showed.

“However, the height in the population has increased, and continues increasing, which could be contributing to the fact that the incidence of thrombosis has increased,” he said. “I think we should start to include height in risk assessment just as overweight, although formal studies are needed to determine exactly how height interacts with inherited blood disorders and other conditions.”

‘Body size in general is an important factor’

Among men, an association with height was found for risk of blood clots in the lungs, called pulmonary embolism, as well as in the legs and other locations. Among women, only the risk of blood clots in the legs was significantly associated with height.

“If the clot is big enough, that can cause death, which is sometimes sudden,” she said.

The researchers also found that the strong association between blood clot risk and height remained among the siblings.

“Overall, it is a solid study with good research methodology used,” Okeke-Igbokwe said.

“The bottom line regarding this recent study, whether you are a taller or shorter individual, you must be aware of all the additional lifestyle factors that may increase your risk for blood clots, such as smoking or a sedentary lifestyle,” she said. “We have no control over our height, but we certainly can all take the appropriate measures in making healthy lifestyle choices to reduce the risk of various conditions.”

One limitation of the study was that the researchers did not have information on the participants’ childhoods, home environments and diets. However, they used educational level as a measure of lifestyle factors.

“Basically, the blood has to travel up a vein against gravity, and when there is a longer distance to travel, there is more opportunity for the blood to clot abnormally,” she said. “This is not the case in the arms, for example, where arm movement allows blood to more easily flow out of the limb with the help of gravity.”

When it comes to the new study, the “robust” design could be replicated to determine whether height correlates with other health problems, said Ulhas Naik, professor of medicine and director of the Cardeza Center for Vascular Biology Research at the Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, who was not involved in the new study.

“Being tall, there are benefits in some ways in some diseases, (and) there is the opposite in some other diseases,” he said. “This kind of a study is a good starting point to now look at other diseases.”

Cancer risk goes up with height?

The paper also suggested that certain genetic factors and biological pathways affecting adult height may affect the risk of those cancers.

As with the Plos Medicine study, the researchers behind the 2015 study pointed to certain genetic factors and biological pathways affecting height as having an important role in the development of breast cancer.

Is short stature tied to gestational diabetes risk?

A study of 135,861 pregnancies in women of various races in the US, of whom 5,567 were diagnosed with gestational diabetes, found that taller height was significantly associated with a lower risk of gestational diabetes.

Overall, women in the highest height quartile in that study had more than 60% lower risk of gestational diabetes compared with women in the lowest quartile, even after accounting for maternal age, weight, race, insurance and education, according to the findings.

“In contrast, height was positively associated with death from ruptured aortic aneurysm, pulmonary embolism, melanoma and cancers of the pancreas, endocrine and nervous systems, ovary, breast, prostate, colorectum, blood and lung,” the abstract said. That study involved an analysis of 121 prospective studies including about 1 million people.

NYU Langone’s Okeke-Igbokwe said that with all of these height-related correlations — from cancer to heart diseases — the exact underlying mechanisms still need to be fleshed out.

“Undoubtedly, an increased number of large-scale studies will still be required to really examine the correlation between height and these other medical conditions,” she said.

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Does propecia work in owmen – How long before propecia works – Testosterone replacement therapy and propecia – Twin Cities Arts Reader

Adam Jacobs (Aladdin) and Isabelle McCalla (Jasmine) star in the national touring production of Aladdin. Photo by Deen van Meer.How many people does it take to put on a national tour of a Broadway show? If the show isAladdin, the answer is 75…if you only count the people who show

The Catalyst Quartet rehearsing.It was the first of August. Dr. Deborah Justice was settling in for a month of fiddling around musically speaking when the email arrived. “Im afraid I have some sad news from Caracas,” it began. “Venezuela at this moment is now a war zone.”At that

The late J. Otis Powell.Poet, playwright, and overall multi-talented artist J. Otis Powell died on Monday, August 28. Powell was 61 years’ old, and had been awarded a Sally Ordway Irvine Award for Commitment just five days prior. He had struggled with ill health, and received a kidney transplant several

A bar chart showing historical box office totals for the Minnesota Fringe Festival.The Minnesota Fringe Festival announced the final statistics today for the 2017 Minnesota Fringe Festival. The 11-day festival brought in 46,076 butts-in-seats, spread across 860 performances of 167 shows at 17 venues in Minneapolis.Why Count Butts-in-Seats?Since 2016, the

The Ordway Center for the Performing Arts announced today the recipients of the 25th annual Sally Ordway Irvine Awards. These awards were given in five categories to recipients from across the State of Minnesota. This year’s recipients are all based in the Twin Cities metro area: Hunter Gullickson (Arts Access)

Actors Gary Briggle (left) and Wendy Lehr (right). Photo by Keith Bridges.The playwright A.R. Gurney passed away two months ago. Many of the various eulogies and obituaries cited his 1988 playLove Letters, a tale of charmed correspondence that was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize.Love Letters encapsulated many of the themes

Lady Gaga rocked the Xcel Energy Center with her trademark costume-heavy, immersive performance. Here’s the set list from the concert:Act I “Video Intro” “Diamond Heart” “A-Yo” “Poker Face” “Perfect Illusion”Act II “John Wayne” “Scheie” “Alejandro”Act III “Horns” “Just Dance” “LoveGame” “Telephone”Act IV “Claws” “Applause” “Come to Mama” “The Edge of

A mosaic of different graphs of Fringe Festival sold-out attendance data.It’s been one week since the 2017 Minnesota Fringe Festival closed its doors and the Fringe staff are still tallying and double-checking festival data. While a fuller report on the festival box office is still forthcoming, here are six figures

Women dancing inArabian Nights.Photo by Dan Van Meer.The Orpheum Theatre is getting a magic lamp. Starting September 15, the Orpheum will host the Broadway touring production of Aladdin for three and a half weeks (closing October 8). This touring production stars Adam Jacobs, who originated the title role of Aladdin

Actress-musician-songwriter Claire Wellin. Photo by Tiffany Topol.This Friday, Claire Wellin is bringing her band Youth in a Roman Field to Icehouse in Minneapolis. Youth in a Roman Field’s “ghost folk” sound emphasizes haunting strings, acoustic instruments, and multipart vocal writing. The MSU-Mankato graduate spoke with the Arts Reader’sBasil Considine about

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Asheville Wellness Tours offer healthy lifestyle experiences – Mountain Xpress

When Erin Reillywanted to make her best friends bachelorette trip to Asheville a perfectexperience, she looked for a unique way to tour the city. Asheville Wellness Toursofferedthe bestway to experience the holistic side of Asheville, mixed with history and local shopping, she says.

I thought it would be a great way to explore downtown Asheville and experience different wellness techniques and most of all relax with a group of friends, says Reilly. This tour is different from other Asheville tours because you get a hands-on experience while exploring what makes Asheville so unique its history dedicated to wellness and personal care. Instead of just going on a bus tour that takes you around town, we were able to actually taste honey, smell essential oils and listen to music.

As wellness travel specialists for the Asheville area, local yoga instructorKim Dryeand tour guideNicole Will help tourists navigatethe wellness experiences Asheville has to offer. Drye created Asheville Wellness Tours afterfriends and acquaintances asked for her recommendations of yoga classes, herb store, massage, acupuncture, accommodations and breweries. Will providedthe expertise of nearly 20 years in thetourism industry a quarter of themcrafting yoga retreats in Ecuador.

Drye and Will offer a curated experience of bachelorette weekends, special events in town or two-hour walking tours that highlight Asheville businesses promoting wellness.

The town of Asheville started growing during the age of tuberculosis, when visitors would come for the clean mountain air, temperate climate and healthy lifestyle, says Will, who offers snippets of history, architectural insightsand interesting stories throughout the walking tour. This wellness aspectremained an element of our community since the growth of Asheville began. For us, its a way to allow visitors to experience our city through that lens.

Wellness tourism as a niche market has been growing, says Will, noting that the experienceof an outdoor mecca or foodiegroupis a fun way to exploreAsheville, especially when a wellness perspective is added.

The Asheville Convention and Visitors Bureau reports that, on average, 29,800 people visit Buncombe County each day and spend $5.2 million.The main reason given for an overnight leisure trip is visiting friends and family. The second most frequentreasonis touring, which increased from 22 percent to 25 percent between 2015 and 2016.

Since Drye and Will began the business this past year, 90 percent of Asheville Wellness Tours participants are overnight visitors, withtwo to eight people per tour and two to fourtours per week. The busy season, Drye notes, is primarily April to November.

Thetop-twoactivities on an overnight trip to Asheville, as reported by the bureau, are shopping and landmark or historic site visitation. Asheville Wellness Tours hits the nail on the head.

Thewalking tour merges shopping, touring and viewing historical landmarks, all within two hours. It includes visits tolocal businesses that havean educational wellness component, such as the Herbiary, where staff offer a demonstration and presentation about how to discern the purity and uses of essential oils (and participants to get a sample to take home). At the Bee Charmer, participants heara talk about the benefits of honey, such as using wildflower honey for allergies, and they get a sampling of the different types of honey soldin the store.

Other tour stopsinclude tea sampling at Dobra Tea, juice sampling at Green Sage, organic lotion and soap education at C & Co., and kombucha tasting at the Buchi Bar. Tours end with a short and accessible yoga practice in Pack Square led by the tour guides, whoare also local yoga instructors. Add-on options include a visit to the Asheville Salt Cave, massage or acupuncture with a local practitioner, or sound healing at Skinny Beats.

The goal is to connect visitors to the wellness community we have here. We have been carefully networking for skilled and experienced practitioners to offer their services for those who come to town looking for wellness experiences but not sure where to start, says Drye, who also curates tailored experiences.

We are developing alliances within the community, she explains, noting that the businesses visited on the tours are happy with the arrangement.

Asheville Wellness Tours also offer special events, including Yoga on the Mountain, a combination hiking and yoga adventure, and Sip & Stretch, a yoga class followed by a ginger beer at local brewery Gingers Revenge. We consider the service we offer to be a complement to Ashevilles reputation as a food/beer scene and outdoor playground, says Drye.

Something that happened organically is the bachelorette parties, saysWill. [Participants]are wanting an alternative to the boozy party scene of Vegas. These groups want to do the PubCycle and eat good food, but they want something more. Will and Drye offer a weekend that is customized to the groups interest including group tarot reading, essential oil anointing ceremonies and massages at an Airbnb.

I would recommend this tour to anyone interested in the history of Asheville, but especially to anyone interested in meditation, yoga or any other activity where you focus on the well-being of body and soul, says Reilly. My favorite part of the tour was definitely the honey tasting and our tour guide Nicoles wonderful recommendations for places to eat and visit in the city.

Most participants are wanting to experience downtown or get a glimpse of the city through the wellness perspective, says Drye. We personally have a love for the town deeply rooted in community. We want to spread the concept of wellness in general as an awareness practice and a personal journey. There are many ways to create a sense of well-being in your own life, and these are just some of the ways.

Asheville Wellness ToursAshevillewellnesstours.com

Asheville Convention and Visitors Bureauashevillecvb.com/wp-content/uploads/Asheville-NC-Tourism-Impacts-2016_05112017.pdf

ashevillecvb.com/wp-content/uploads/Longwoods-2016-Visitor-Profile.pdf

Herbiaryherbiary.com

Asheville Bee Charmerashevillebeecharmer.com

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Sponsor spotlight: Harbor Square Athletic Club Healthy Lifestyle Tip good protein sources – My Edmonds News

Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food ~ Hippocrates

Protein can help you shed those unwanted pounds and keep your belly full. But its important to eat the right amount and the right kind of protein to get its health benefits.

SeafoodSeafood is an excellent source of protein because its usually low in fat. Fish such as salmon is a little higher in fat, but it is the heart-healthy kind: it has omega-3 fatty acids.

White-Meat PoultryStick to the white meat of poultry for excellent, lean protein. Dark meat is a little higher in fat. The skin is loaded with saturated fat, so remove skin before cooking.

Milk, Cheese and YogurtNot only are dairy foods like milk, cheese, and yogurt excellent sources of protein, but they also contain valuable calcium, and many are fortified with vitamin D. Choose skim or low-fat dairy to keep bones and teeth strong and help prevent osteoporosis.

EggsEggs are one of the least expensive forms of protein. The American Heart Association says normal healthy adults can safely enjoy an egg a day.

BeansOne-half cup of beans contains as much protein as an ounce of broiled steak. Plus, these nutritious nuggets are loaded with fiber to keep you feeling full for hours.

Pork TenderloinThis great and versatile white meat is 31 percent leaner than it was 20 years ago.

SoyFifty grams of soy protein daily can help lower cholesterol by about 3 percent. Eating soy protein instead of sources of higher-fat protein and maintaining a healthy diet can be good for your heart.

Lean BeefLean beef has only one more gram of saturated fat than a skinless chicken breast. Lean beef is also an excellent source of zinc, iron, and vitamin B12.

Protein on the GoIf you dont have time to sit down for a meal, grab a meal replacement drink, cereal bar or energy bar. Check the label to be sure the product contains at least 6 grams of protein and is low in sugar and fat.

Protein at BreakfastResearch shows that including a source of protein like an egg or Greek yogurt at breakfast along with a high-fiber grain like whole wheat toast can help you feel full longer and eat less throughout the day.

Source: Webmd.com courtesy Harbor Square Athletic Club

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SF health center to host wellness walk – Finger Lakes Times

SENECA FALLS The Seneca Falls Health Center will host its first Family Fun Walk for Wellness on Thursday (Sept. 7).

The event will run from 5 to 7 p.m. The health center is on the campus of New York Chiropractic College.

The one-mile walk or run is a health-focused, family-friendly event designed to encourage school-aged children to learn about the importance of making healthy lifestyle choices as they start the school year. The event will include a health fair, free drawings, giveaways, refreshments and more.

Participants are invited to tour the Seneca Falls Health Center and meet the doctors, acupuncturists, clinicians and students who provide chiropractic care, acupuncture, Oriental medicine and nutritional counseling to the community.

Wegmans has sponsored four water stations along the walk route that will provide healthy, back-to-school information presented by NYCCs chiropractic and acupuncture students. Participants who stop at each water station will also receive a child-friendly giveaway.

The Seneca County Sheriffs Department will provide free SAFE Child ID cards, and many other community partners will be available to share information on a wide variety of health-related topics. Cornell Cooperative Extension, Eaves Family Dental Group, Finger Lakes Health, MVP Healthcare, Ovid Community Health Center, Seneca County Addictions/Prevention Program, Society for the Care and Protection of Children/WIC, Wayne County Action Program and Wegmans will participate under a tent next to the health center.

The Seneca Falls Health Center, an affiliate of the New York Chiropractic College, provides patient-centered, natural chiropractic care, acupuncture, Oriental medicine and nutritional counseling to the community. Call (315) 568-3166 or visit the health centers Facebook Page @sfallshealthcenter for more information about the family fun walk.

The Seneca Falls Health Center offers convenient hours, short wait times, close parking and participates in most insurance programs.

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Can a Healthy Lifestyle Lead to Longer Attention Spans? – Medical News Bulletin

Executive functions consist of sets of important cognitive functions that undergo a major developmental phase throughout adolescence. These executive cognitive processes include attentional control, inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility, in addition to reasoning, problem-solving, and planning, and are essential for academic performance and physical and mental health. Attentional control is understood to be essential in any learning process, as it facilitates selective attention to particular stimuli while simultaneously inhibiting other distractions. During adolescence, modifiable factors that make a healthy lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity may promote cognitive development and attention capacity.

Previous research has suggested that dietary patterns may demonstrate a stronger association with executive functions than single nutrient/food intakes. Since similar implications may apply to the study of attention capacity, an article published in British Journal of Nutrition aimed to investigate the associations of dietary patterns and macronutrient composition with attention capacity in European adolescents.

The cross-sectional study examined 384 (165 male and 219 female) adolescent participants between the ages of 12.5 and 17.5 years from five European countries in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study. The d2 Test of Attention was administered in a classroom under the supervision of a fieldworker to examine attention capacity and response inhibition, and dietary intake was evaluated through two non-consecutive 24 hour recalls using a computer-based self-administered tool. Three dietary patterns were assessed: diet quality index considered quality, diversity, and equilibrium; ideal diet score (advocated by the American Heart Association) which is based on the DASH diet and has previously been linked to cognitive performance in children; and Mediterranean diet score, which has been correlated with cognition in older adults. Additionally, macronutrient and fibre intakes were calculated.

Data analysis indicated that a healthier diet pattern (higher diet quality index and ideal diet score) was associated with greater attention capacity in European adolescents. Interestingly, little evidence suggested that the Mediterranean diet score or macronutrient/fibre intake were correlated with attention capacity. In order to more comprehensively investigate these relationships, intervention studies evaluating a causal relationship between a healthy lifestyle, diet quality and attention capacity in adolescence are required.

Western diets rich in meat and refined sugars but poor in vegetables, fruits and fish have been associated with impaired cognitive function due to increased oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, and impaired blood-brain barrier integrity. Fruits and vegetables that contain high levels of neuroprotective polyphenols and micronutrients such as folate may be crucial for cognitive development. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, which is vulnerable to changes in the diet, may also influence cognition, due to its involvement in the growth and survival of many types of neurons and synaptic plasticity. As well, insulin resistance and high blood pressure may negatively influence cognition.

There is a myriad of factors that influence cognition, attention and executive function. This study sheds some light on a healthy lifestyle, including nutrition as an important factor influencing executive function in adolescence. Improving overall nutrition is an important strategy to improve attention control in adolescents.

Written byJordyn Posluns, B.Sc. (Hons)

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Testosterone replacement therapy associated with improved urinary, sexual function – ProHealth

Reprinted with the kind permission of Life Extension.

August 23 2017.An article appearing on July 18, 2017 in theJournal of Urologydocuments improvements in sexual function, urinary function and quality of life among men who receivedtestosterone replacement therapy.

The prospective registry study involved 656 men with low testosterone levels and symptoms of testosterone deficiency, among whom 360 were regularly treated with parenteral testosterone undecanoate for up to 10 years. The remainder of the subjects, who chose not to be treated with testosterone, received biannual routine clinic visits.

The researchers, from Boston University School of Medicine and School of Public Health in collaboration with German urologists, found that men who received testosterone therapy experienced significant decreases in their International Prostate Symptom Score, post-voiding bladder volume and Aging Males Symptoms scale, which assesses health-related quality of life. The percentage of patients without erectile dysfunction significantly improved in the testosterone treated group, from 17.1% at the beginning of the study, to 74.4% of the study at the last visit. In contrast, subjects who did not receive the hormone experienced deterioration in erectile function as well as in voiding functions. Prostate specific antigen (PSA), a marker which, when elevated, is associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer, remained unchanged in both groups over the course of the study.

While there were five deaths, 8 nonfatal strokes and 8 nonfatal heart attacks over the 8-month median follow-up period in the untreated group, none of these events occurred among those who received testosterone.

Long-term testosterone therapy, in men with testosterone deficiency, was well tolerated with excellent adherence suggesting a high level of patient satisfaction, authors Karim Sultan Haider and colleagues conclude. A progressive and sustained improvement in urinary and sexual function was recorded in men receiving long-term testosterone therapy, contributing to overall improvement in quality of life.

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Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market Global Insights and … – E News Access (press release)

Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market Research Report 2017 to 2022 provides a unique tool for evaluating the market, highlighting opportunities, and supporting strategic and tactical decision-making. This report recognizes that in this rapidly-evolving and competitive environment, up-to-date marketing information is essential to monitor performance and make critical decisions for growth and profitability. It provides information on trends and developments, and focuses on markets and materials, capacities and technologies, and on the changing structure of the Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market.

Companies Mentioned are AbbVie, Pfizer, Eli Lilly, Teva Pharmaceuticals, Mylan, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Antares Pharma, Ferring Pharmaceuticals, Allergan, Antares Pharma, Sandoz, Clarus Therapeutics, Juniper Pharmaceuticals, Endo International, Acerus Pharmaceuticals, Forendo Pharma, MetP Pharma, Repros Therapeutics

The Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy market consists of different international, regional, and local vendors. The market competition is foreseen to grow higher with the rise in technological innovation and M&A activities in the future. Moreover, many local and regional vendors are offering specific application products for varied end-users. The new vendor entrants in the market are finding it hard to compete with the international vendors based on quality, reliability, and innovations in technology.

This report segments the Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy market on the basis of types, Gels, Injectables, Patches, Other On the basis of application, the Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy market is segmented into Hospitals, Clinics, Other

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This independent 112 page report guarantees you will remain better informed than your competition. With over 165 tables and figures examining the Testosterone Replacement Therapy market, the report gives you a visual, one-stop breakdown of the leading products, submarkets and market leaders market revenue forecasts as well as analysis to 2022.

Geographically, this report is segmented into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue (million USD), and market share and growth rate of Testosterone Replacement Therapy in these regions, from 2012 to 2022 (forecast), covering Global, Europe, Japan, China, India , Southeast Asia, Other.

The report provides a basic overview of the Testosterone Replacement Therapy industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. And development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures.

Then, the report focuses on Global major leading industry players with information such as company profiles, product picture and specifications, sales, market share and contact information. Whats more, the Testosterone Replacement Therapy industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed.

The research includes historic data from 2012 to 2016 and forecasts until 2022 which makes the reports an invaluable resource for industry executives, marketing, sales and product managers, consultants, analysts, and other people looking for key industry data in readily accessible documents with clearly presented tables and graphs. The report will make detailed analysis mainly on above questions and in-depth research on the development environment, market size, development trend, operation situation and future development trend of Testosterone Replacement Therapy on the basis of stating current situation of the industry in 2017 so as to make comprehensive organization and judgment on the competition situation and development trend of Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market and assist manufacturers and investment organization to better grasp the development course of Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market.

Inquire for sample copy at: https://www.marketinsightsreports.com/reports/090117112/global-testosterone-replacement-therapy-market-professional-survey-report-2017/inquiry

The study was conducted using an objective combination of primary and secondary information including inputs from key participants in the industry. The report contains a comprehensive market and vendor landscape in addition to a SWOT analysis of the key vendors.

There are 15 Chapters to deeply display the Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy market.

Chapter 1, to describe Testosterone Replacement Therapy Introduction, product scope, market overview, market opportunities, market risk, market driving force;

Chapter 2, to analyze the top manufacturers of Testosterone Replacement Therapy, with sales, revenue, and price of Testosterone Replacement Therapy, in 2016 and 2017;

Chapter 3, to display the competitive situation among the top manufacturers, with sales, revenue and market share in 2016and 2017;

Chapter 4, to show the Global market by regions, with sales, revenue and market share of Testosterone Replacement Therapy, for each region, from 2012to 2017;

Chapter 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, to analyze the key regions, with sales, revenue and market share by key countries in these regions;

Chapter 10 and 11, to show the market by type and application, with sales market share and growth rate by type, application, from 2012 to 2017;

Chapter 12, Testosterone Replacement Therapy market forecast, by regions, type and application, with sales and revenue, from 2017to 2022;

Chapter 13, 14 and 15, to describe Testosterone Replacement Therapy sales channel, distributors, traders, dealers, Research Findings and Conclusion, appendix and data source.

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MarketInsightsReports provides syndicated market research reports to industries, organizations or even individuals with an aim of helping them in their decision making process. These reports include in-depth market research studies i.e. market share analysis, industry analysis, information on products, countries, market size, trends, business research details and much more. MarketInsightsReports provides global and regional market intelligence coverage, a 360-degree market view which includes statistical forecasts, competitive landscape, detailed segmentation, key trends, and strategic recommendations.

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Transhumanism and Libertarianism Are Entirely Compatible – Reason (blog)

Luis Manuel Tapia Bolivar/DreamstimeA fight over whether or not transhumanism can be libertarian broke out over at The American Conservative. The contretemps began with an article by Zoltan Istvan, author of The Transhumanist Wager. Istvan is also seeking to become the Libertarian Party candidate for governor of California.

In “The Growing World of Libertarian Transhumanism,” Istvan optimistically asserts that “freedom from the government will allow radical science to go on undisturbed.”

Zoltan defines transhumanism as “the international movement of using science and technology to radically change the human being and human experience. Its primary goal is to deliver and embrace a utopian techno-optimistic world.” Due to rapid technological progress “the world is shifting under our feetand libertarian transhumanism is a sure way to navigate the chaos to make sure we arrive at the best future possible.”

Kai Weiss, a researcher at the Austrian Economics Center and Hayek Institute in Vienna, Austria, swiftly denounced the piece. “Transhumanism should be rejected by libertarians as an abomination of human evolution,” he wrote.

Clearly there is some disagreement.

Weiss is correct that Istvan doesn’t expend much intellectual effort linking transhumanism with libertarian thinking. Istvan largely assumes that people seeking to flourish should have the freedom to enhance their bodies and minds and those of their children without much government interference. So what abominable transhumanist technologies does Weiss denounce?

Weiss includes defeating death, robotic hearts, virtual reality sex, telepathy via mind-reading headsets, brain implants, ectogenesis, artificial intelligence, exoskeleton suits, designer babies, and gene editing tech. “At no point [does Istvan] wonder if we should even strive for these technologies,” Weiss thunders.

While Istvan may not wonder, Weiss fails to make a single argument against these technological developments: It is apparently self-evident to him that they are evil.

As with all new technologies, unintended consequences are inevitable and people can and will surely misuse them. Libertarians know all too well that vigilance against government abuse of modern technologies is vital. These worries do not, however, constitute preemptive arguments for preventing people from voluntarily seeking to use the fruits of innovation to work out how to live the best lives that they can.

Oddly, as a riposte against libertarian transhumanism, Weiss cites Christian conservative Rod Dreher’s assertion that “choice matters more than what is chosen. The Technological Man is not concerned with what he should desire; rather, he is preoccupied with how he can acquire or accomplish what he desires.” This is a non-sequitur. Of course, libertarians (and one hopes most other folks) are concerned about what it is that we should desire. The central question is who, if anyone, has the right to stop us from pursuing our private and non-aggressive desires once we’ve applied our intellects and moral imaginations to figuring out what it is that we want?

Progressives and conservatives believe government has extensive authority to tell citizens how to live their lives. Libertarians do not. On that count, Weiss is entirely correct to call out Istvan for succumbing to authoritarianism when he advocates for licensing reproduction as a way to prevent overpopulation.

As someone who evidently thinks he is committed to enlarging human liberty, Weiss would do well to ponder this observation from economics Nobelist Friedrich Hayek’s The Constitution of Liberty:

Nowhere is freedom more important than where our ignorance is greatestat the boundaries of knowledge, in other words, where nobody can predict what lies a step ahead.the ultimate aim of freedom is the enlargement of those capacities in which man surpasses his ancestors and to which each generation must endeavor to add its shareits share in the growth of knowledge and the gradual advance of moral and aesthetic beliefs, where no superior must be allowed to enforce one set of views of what is right or good and where only further experience can decide what should prevail. It is wherever man reaches beyond his present self, where the new emerges and assessment lies in the future, that liberty ultimately shows its value.

Hayek’s point is that human beings are terrible at foresight. Engaging in a robust process of trial, error, and correction is how nearly all moral and technological progress has ever been made.

As I have earlier argued:

The highest expression of human nature and dignity is to strive to overcome the limitations imposed on us by our genes, our evolution and our environment. Future generations will look back at the beginning of the 21st century and be astonished that some well-meaning and intelligent people actually wanted to stop bio-nano-infotech research and deployment just to protect their cramped and limited vision of human nature. If transhumanism is allowed to progress, I predict that our descendants will look back and thank us for making their world of longer, healthier and abler lives possible.

While Weiss asserts “it is time for libertarians to argue against the notion of extreme transhumanism,” he ultimately concedes “the state shouldn’t prohibit it.” So long as he leaves government power out it, Weiss is, of course, free to argue as much as he likes that transhumanism is an abomination contrary to libertarian thinking. But I suspect that few people, especially folks committed to liberty and the development of technologies that enable them and their progeny to have better chances to lead flourishing lives, will heed his Luddite counsel.

For those interested in libertarian arguments in favor of transhumanism, you may be interested in my essay, “The Case for Enhancing People” and my book, Liberation Biology: The Scientific and Moral Case for the Biotech Revolution.

Disclosure: I was on a panel with Istvan at FreedomFest in Las Vegas a month ago discussing the much dreaded prospect of designer babies. I am generally in favor of allowing parents to use modern biotechnologies with the goal of improving the prospects that their children will enjoy flourishing lives.

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Transhumanism and Libertarianism Are Entirely Compatible – Reason (blog)

Recommendation and review posted by Alexandra Lee Anderson

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Nanomedicine Research Journal

Nanomedicine Research Journal (Abbreviation: Nanomed Res J)

is an international, open access, peer-reviewed, electronic and print quarterly publication released by the Iranian Society of Nanomedicine (ISNM). Nanomedicine Research Journal publishes original research articles, review papers, mini review papers, case reports and short communications covering a wide range of field-specific and interdisciplinary theoretical and experimental results related to applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology in medicine including, but not limited to, diagnosis, treatment, monitoring, prediction and prevention of diseases, tissue engineering, nano bio-sensors, functionalized carriers and targeted drug delivery systems.

* Publication process of manuscripts submitted to Nanomed Res J is free of charge.

To see Acceptance timeline Please follow the link below:

Acceptance Timeline Diagram

About the publisher

Founded in 2011 by the leading ofSchool of Advanced Technologies in medicine (SATiM),Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) and Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council, the Iranian Society of Nanomedicine (ISNM) attempts to promote and develop medical nanotechnology in Iran. For more information about the publisher, please visit us at http://isnm.ir/en/.

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Nanomedicine Research Journal

Recommendation and review posted by Alexandra Lee Anderson

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