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12 Bytes by Jeanette Winterson review how we got here and where we might go next – The Guardian

In Mary Shelleys 1818 novel Frankenstein, a scientist creates life and is horrified by what he has done. Two centuries on, synthetic life, albeit in a far simpler form, has been created in a dish. What Shelley imagined has only now become possible. But as Jeanette Winterson points out in this essay collection, the achievements of science and technology always start out as fiction. Not everything that can be imagined can be realised, but nothing can be realised if it hasnt been imagined first.

Take artificial intelligence. For now AI is a tool that we train to address specific tasks such as predicting the next Covid wave, but plenty of people have imagined that it could be something categorically different: a multitasking problem-solver whose capacity to understand and learn is equal or superior to ours. Many labs are working on this concept, which is called artificial general intelligence (AGI), and it could be a reality within decades. Thats how far imagination in technology has brought us. What can the artistic imagination add?

Perhaps meaning. How will our relationships change when we share the planet with an intelligence that is on a par with ours, but that doesnt weep or get drunk or ejaculate? How will that non-biological being relate to the rest of nature? Will it solve the problems that we have failed to solve, or create new ones? Should we fear it, fall in love with it, pray to it or all three?

Winterson is excited about the future of AI. She reads the tech heads journals, rummages in their algorithms, attends their conferences (By the afternoon I am sweating under the mental pressure of translating non-language). In a debate about transhumanism the idea that humanity can break through its biological limits, for example by merging with AI shes the one defending it against the doom-mongers. What worries her is that well drag our toxic old baggage into this brave new world, and put the technology to the wrong uses give it the wrong meaning. 12 Bytes is her attempt to warn us off that, by examining where weve come from, and asking where were going.

Her starting point is the first industrial revolution, the one that gave us steam and mass production but also black cities and a miserable, sickly underclass. The inequality was exacerbated by the enclosure of the common land, which from 1800 became easier for large landowners than for smaller fry. Fast forward 200 years. Now were the means of production, as tech companies spin our data into gold, and those same companies are busy carving up outer space once also considered a common good. The Luddites of the early 19th century werent against progress, they were against exploitation, which was only reined in through hard-fought campaigns and legislation.

There is a strong feminist slant here, as you might expect from the author of Sexing the Cherry and Written on the Body. The 19th-century industrialists paid women (and children) less than men for the same work, setting up a corrosive competition that has echoed down the decades. Winterson draws a direct line from that, through the forgotten female computer programmers of the post-second world war era, to todays female undergraduates who are occasionally lectured by male computer scientists that they dont have the brains to enter the field. Garbage in, garbage out: no wonder the algorithms that instruct AI show a strong male bias. Winterson wants to know why we are still dealing in fixed gender categories. Fuck the binary is the title of one of these essays.

Transhumanism is about transcending categories, and as such it has a natural appeal for the gender-fluid, who never felt at home in any body. That was a theme of her 2019 novel Frankissstein, a reimagining of Frankenstein, and she returns to it here. As soon as a human can have a relationship with an intelligent, non-biological life form, preconceptions about gender and sexuality will explode in ways they havent yet, despite a thriving sex robot industry. In fact, sex bots pander to some of the most retrograde of these preconceptions. Sex doll Harmony from RealBotix isnt equipped with the female pleasure organ, the clitoris or if she is, it isnt well advertised but her AI-enabled head does have 18 mood settings, including gentle, jealous, teasing and chatty. Scrolling down through the comments on the RealBotix website, Winterson found several urging the company to retire the chatty mode.

But robots may only be a transitional stage for AI, on the way to a disembodied, pure AGI that would be all around us as well as inside us. And what would be novel about that? Our ancestors were forever being jostled by angels and ghosts. The harassment didnt stop when they went to heaven, but at that point they jettisoned their own bodies. We are more wedded to our own physicality now than we ever were in the past.

The best of these essays are the most personal, the ones in which Wintersons life allows her to spot connections that others might miss. Having grown up in an evangelical household, she is fascinated by the religious echoes she hears in the debate around AI. It has its believers and its sceptics, its high priests and its creed: You know the basics: This world is not my home. Im just passing through. My Self/Soul is separate from the Body. After death there is another life.

As the boundary between human and nonhuman becomes blurred, well have to reassess what we mean by human, but thats nothing to worry about, she thinks. You might balk at the idea of an AI personal assistant with whom you communicate via an implant rather than an earpiece, but the real problem is not the implant, its the fact that the AI is reporting back to Mr Zuckerberg and thats a problem now. In the struggles ahead, one of the things we should fight for is that our inner lives are off limits.

All of this is thought-provoking and necessary and sometimes very funny but theres no scenario here that someone hasnt already imagined; no Shelleyan leap. I am not sure what that leap would look like, but one way to stimulate it might be to think about how we define intelligence. Intelligence doesnt have to be biological, as Winterson says, and yet ours is very much embodied, and very much embrained. So why is our test of artificial intelligence that emerges from non-biological matte still the Turing test that is, fooling a (human) interlocutor into thinking the AI is human? Why are we the benchmark?

Ironically, Alan Turing devised his test 70 years ago as a way of proving that computers were capable of original thought. It was his response to Ada Lovelace, who is sometimes called the first computer programmer and who, more than a century earlier, had said she didnt think they would ever acquire leap capacity. Lovelaces own leap was to realise that the first computer, the analytical engine that Charles Babbage designed but never built, would be capable of more than just calculation. But working with the little she had, she couldnt imagine it ever doing what her father, the poet Lord Byron, excelled at.

Perhaps there is some mathematical formula that describes how far we can leap, imaginatively, given the reality we start from. At any rate, it seems to have its limits for scientists and artists alike. Sixty years ago the word alien conjured up creatures that were small and green but otherwise exceedingly familiar. Now scientists agree that if extra-terrestrial life exists, its likely to be simpler and stranger more like the single-celled organisms that constituted the first life on Earth.

Given the trouble weve had defining human intelligence witness the long-running controversy over IQ tests could we ever imagine what intelligence might mean for a humming web of connections, an internet of things? Science fiction writers have had a go, but they still tend to ask the question from the human perspective: what would it mean for us to live with such a mind? The nature of that mind, any goals and values it might have, are either humanised or left obscure.

Then again, Winterson might be on to something when she suggests that in a future defined by connectivity and hybridity, love will be more meaningful than intelligence. Could love actually be intelligence, in a disembodied world? Maybe thats romantic flim-flam. Maybe its a pointless question since it leads to another: what is love? But it has a certain appeal not least because it could launch us on a new imaginative journey, and because in imagining something, we make it possible.

12 Bytes is published by Vintage (16.99). To support the Guardian and the Observer buy a copy at Delivery charges may apply.

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12 Bytes by Jeanette Winterson review how we got here and where we might go next - The Guardian

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REPLACED Interview: Devs Talk About the Upcoming Cyberpunk Game That Lit Up E3 2021 – Twinfinite

REPLACED made a big splash at E3 2021, and for good reason the upcoming cinematic platformer oozes cool, from its gorgeous 2.5D pixelated art aesthetic to the promise of a thrilling cyberpunk story set in a grim dystopia. The brilliantly directed trailer depicted a tantalizing and mysterious gaming experience that we here at Twinfinite have been making a song and dance over ever since.

Naturally, the opportunity to speak with developer Sad Cat Studios was one we are hugely excited about. Already this week weve published a feature titled REPLACED Aims to Deliver a Cinematic But Thought-Provoking Cyberpunk Experience, which is based around some of the most interesting takeaways from my discussion with game director Yura Zhdanovich, and studio co-founder Igor Gritsay. But with so much ground to cover I could hardly include everything, and that, dear reader, is something we considered such a crying shame that weve decided to publish the entire Q&A for those who are as interested to hear from the pair as we are.

Senior editor Alex Gibson: The reception to REPLACEDs trailer has been so immensely positive. How did that feel, and has that added pressure to the team, or is it something youre drawing motivation from?

Game director Yura Zhdanovich: The trailer was deemed by a lot of people very high quality, and so we are now a bit stressed because we need to deliver everything on this kind of level of expectations. We cant go and do a section of the game that looks subpar in terms of quality compared to what weve shown.

And yeah, this is something that we have been discussing with our artists because they were definitely humbled by the reception, but there is so much more to show, so much more interesting things that we want people to see, either in-game itself or in any other media or going to release later down the line.

Its just a start and we have definitely not shown the greatest things quite yet. Its exciting for us its stressful and exciting for us to see how people will react to things we show in the future.

Alex: Could you give me a little background on the games development? How long have you actually been working on REPLACED?

Studio co-founder Igor Gritsay: Weve been in development since mid-2018, though back then it was merely an idea when we were searching for things that we could actually do. Before us there was this trailer for Atomic Heart, and its also made by the new studio, and of course, we could not tackle that as our debut project even though our guys come from game development, most of their work is on mobile. So we thought such kind of project was out of our reach and basically, we thought, okay, we should do something of that quality, but at the same time, something within our possibilities. So, we are thinking about what we can do, and when we were looking through our backlog of ideas, we thought that, okay, cinematic platformer is the way to go for us because while it isnt simple to make, it was something we were capable of.

Then we had this idea we wanted to investigate how could an AI integrate with a human? This was like the core idea that we wanted to develop and base our script around. So this was the starting point, and during the first six months or so we were just working on a prototype. I dont even think that we have those things in the project anymore. But yeah, it was quite a view, just grey blocks and, say, a 1010 area with characters walking around. But, hey, look where we are now!

Anyway, this was our initial idea to make a cinematic platformer with beautiful visuals because if we cant deliver, for example, a cool-looking third-person shooter, for example, I think that its within our capabilities to make quality looking and great looking cinematic platformer.

So we were looking at the games we love, the games we adore. Our first iteration of the game was much more, much closer to the classics, like Flashback or Out of this World.We made our first demo in 2019, and we went to several trade shows with this demo and they put the overall reception was really positive.

And its very stressful when youre standing right next to an overheating laptop, and you look at maybe 100 people playing, and some of them just stop mid-session. And youre so frustrated and they just go and dont tell you anything. And you think what was the problem? Whats wrong with it? Even though 90 + % of people actually finished the demo and said that it was great, a negative reaction always has this effect.

Later, after those several trade shows, we thought to ourselves, all right, that was cool, but we dont think that we will be able to create a whole game based on this gameplay because, well, in a classic cinematic platformer its all about content. And with the modern quality of content, the modern price for creating visual content, we understood that we just cannot allow ourselves to create a whole game without any substantial gameplay. So, we went back to the lab and thought, okay, how we can iterate upon this? And we were sitting with our favorite games, and looking at whats cool there and what we can implement in ours and refine as our own thing.

What were the design inspirations behind the project that helped to shape its aesthetic, style, and gameplay?

Studio co-founder Igor Gritsay: So regarding the combat system, we were heavily inspired by the Batman series. I finished all of those games and theyre really perfect, and I really like the combat within those games. So we took inspiration there because of this fluid sense of flow and, you know, it just feels that everything is right and the combat feels natural. So, this is what we were trying to achieve. We werent looking for hardcore 2D games, like Hollow or Salt and Sanctuary.

We were looking for a more, not casual, but, you know, a cool-feeling experience that you have to master, but you dont have to cry and blood and sweat while youre playing. On the other side, we also implemented traversing which was inspired by games such as Prince of Persia, the Ubisoft ones, which were made trilogy which was made in the 2000s, including a Sands of Time. Also, the Uncharted series.

Basically, for us, platforming is there not so much as a challenge but a way to give an exposition for beautiful locations; and since Im really proud of our division, they deserve that their creation has great exposition and that players can have a proper taste of what weve done and what we are, what our artists made.

In terms of aesthetics, our initial inspirations were more movie-oriented, such as Blade Runner, and 2049.

Game director Yura Zhdanovich: A lot of cyberpunk games or sci-fi games that tackle the more grounded type of action will be inspired by Blade Runner, but in our case, the gameplay was actually inspired a lot by the movie Upgrade, which was a really interesting take on especially the combat sequences. It is a really interesting take on a mechanical thing in a human body how it will behave, how it would look like. I was very inspired by it; Ive watched it like 10 times or so, and I watched it like a lot when we were looking for inspiration for combat moves or something. It really was a breakthrough for us in terms of how we should tackle combat and a more grounded game.

Speaking about combat, as Igor mentioned, we were inspired by the Batman series, but one of the key things we wanted to do was to implement interesting gameplay without ruining the whole seriousness of whats going on there are no triple jumps or plunging attacks, for example. And at the same time, it was quite a natural way for us because were so much into animation. And as you have seen in the trailer we are trying to do this combat as much physical as possible. As much animated as possible, and contextual as possible.

So everything you do in the game we try to make it physical, so you feel this kind of interaction. Its one of the key things were trying to achieve with it being very grounded but at the same time still fun to play.

Alex: There are a lot of side-scrolling indie games these days, so do you think its important for an indie game to stick out these days? What challenges have you faced trying to make such a complex style work?

Studio co-founder Igor Gritsay: When we were thinking about what should we do and how we should present it, the obvious choice for us was to do pixel art because, in addition to the lower cost, the general consensus is that indie titles are adored by people who love pixel art and vice versa. But then we thought that the usual pixel art wouldnt be enough and that we wanted to do something more interesting with it.

And when I started experimenting with some other things, then came along the trailer for The Last Night which was really great, and it showed off a really interesting type of art direction how one can make modern tweaks on the 2.5D formula, which has actually been around for years. Many people, for example, dont remember, but there was a great game Disneys Hercules for PS1. Right now there are a lot of games trying to go back to this kind of 2.5D aesthetic.

It was very interesting for us to do it ourselves and to make some adjustments, some of the tweaks, some stylistic choices we want to create because as you have seen in the trailer our game is not classic, super futuristic cars kind of cyberpunk. It is more on the Retro side.

Its really a no-brainer that when you want to make a story about artificial intelligence, you definitely go sci-fi, but we want wanted to give some kind of a unique spin on it. When we were young there was a lot of like cult following in the 90s here, especially in the post-USSR, with the retro sci-fi movies, like RoboCop, for example, and we had this feeling, you know, that we want to do a homage to this because we really like those aesthetics of how the future was depicted back then and not right now. We wanted to go in a little bit of a different direction, more on of the side of a futurist of that time who was like designer thinking about how things would be like ten and twenty years.

Alex: So traditionally, stories told within a dystopian and particularly cyberpunk aesthetic are typically centered around a political message of some sort this was one of the criticisms of CDPRs Cyberpunk 2077 was that it looked like a very pretty cyberpunk game but it didnt feel like one, it wasnt saying anything in particular about modern culture and maybe capitalist society, transhumanism, artificial intelligence, etc. Does REPLACED have some sort of message political or otherwise that it is trying to convey?

Studio co-founder Igor Gritsay: Lots of things that happened in the world of our game is alternate history. Basically, modified events that actually happened in the real world, such as the Trinity test for the nuclear bomb, and stuff like this. In our world, the U.S. gets much more dystopian than it actually is in reality. I think that we definitely have a political message in our game because, well, living in a sort of half dictatorship (in Belarus) has inevitably had an impact on us.

We have our post-Soviet heritage and things happening in our country right now. Of course, in our game we are not talking about Belarus, but, you know, [people who live in] the post-soviet are somehow attracted to dystopia in pop culture (laughs), which is really strange as if we dont have enough of it in reality! The most popular book here is 1984.

One of our main world-building themes REPLACED is that everything is based on bio-engineering and organ transplantation. This is how good deeds eventually become something horrific and we will discuss this topic in the game. I think the main point of our game is still the thing that we are trying to discuss is can artificial intelligence be human? And if so then what is the outcome of it?

Game director Yura Zhdanovich: I would say there are two core themes: one is artificial intelligence and what would artificial intelligence do when it is in the context of a living being, rather than a supercomputer that has learned to be moral when it faces humanitys downsides and having to make hard choices that we ultimately always destroyed for, as we have seen in films such as Terminator.

The second one is, when were talking about the political situation, when you design a dystopia you usually go to roots, youre either going to go with Orwell or Huxley. So we decided to go with Orwell, because, as Igor has said, we are somewhat attracted to him. And as we have been talking about with our narrative team about this, one of the core themes is what would happen and this is actually very applicable to what is happening in the world today if you start to give out your freedom piece by piece for somewhat of a better life or protection or anything else that makes you more comfortable and more controlled?

In our world, it is bio-transportation that is kind of a main threat throughout the alternate history of our game started out as a good thing before people realized the potential money involved, and so they pulled the dont be evil trick, but then became evil.

I think thats the main political point of our game. It definitely will touch a lot of other aspects and issues that are sensitive topics in modern media and modern discussions around those things, but I think it is subtle. It will be good enough [for us] if people play the games and decide for themselves on some of those complex topics we want to explore because there are definitely some that are very empathetic to things that are happening right now. Were really interested to how people will react to this.

Alex: And lastly, I wanted to ask about your decision to go with Xbox Game Pass as a platform, how did the relationship with Microsoft come about. What did you consider the pros and cons of going with them rather than trying to sell individual copies across multiple platforms? Is the deal a timed exclusive?

Studio co-founder Igor Gritsay: We dont have plans at the moment for other platforms other than Xbox and PC.

The biggest part of the partnership for us is that Microsoft actually cares about the indie market. Otherwise, well, there would be much fewer games on all platforms. They really give a chance to small studios to actually produce something and provide marketing awareness to people. I would say that for indie studios, I cant even think of a con (with partnering with Microsoft) because they provide funding and marketing reach.

As for Game Pass, it allows more people to learn about the game, and actually play the game! Because there is frequently this situation for many players where they will see a game in the store and they want it, but at the same time it is $30, $60, or even more, and so you maybe Wishlist it, and then you usually forget.

However, with Game Pass you just press a button and install. Of course, sometimes the possible con of this is that, you know, people might be too overflowing with games and so each game gets less attention. Still, equally, it is a chance for those games to shine. In other situations they might otherwise be drowned by thousands of other games.

Game Pass allows us and many other developers to actually deliver our project to people. Also, from what I heard, Game Pass also boosts sales, but well see about that! To summarize, its a win, win situation for us.

REPLACED is set to launch in 2022 on Xbox and PC platforms. Keep an eye on the games official website here, and check out the E3 2021 trailer if you havent already.

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REPLACED Interview: Devs Talk About the Upcoming Cyberpunk Game That Lit Up E3 2021 - Twinfinite

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Inside the billionaire-funded fight to conquer aging and cheat death – New York Post

Some billionaires are trying to conquer space. Others maintain a more earthbound ambition: to outsmart the Grim Reaper.

And deep-pocketed age-hackers are putting their money where their mouths are. Larry Ellison chairman of the software giant Oracle has donated around $500,000 to anti-aging research. Google co-founder Larry Page helped fund Calico, a lab that describes itself as wanting to better understand the biology that controls aging and life span.

Meanwhile, Peter Thiel the entrepreneur behind PayPal was an early investor in Unity Biotechnology, which is devising therapeutics to delay aging-related diseases at the cellular level. (The company raised $116 million in 2016.)

Nir Barzilai, author of Age Later and director of the Institute for Aging Research at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, describes some of these high-profile anti-agers as immortalists: People who believe death is an option, rather than an eventuality given the right hacks.

Because of that, we expect $4.5 billion to be invested [in life- and health-extending science] this year alone, he told The Post.

Despite being a player in this world, Barzilai takes a more measured approach: Living forever might not be in the cards, but we are working on specific problems that will increase life span and healthspan, or how long one stays healthy for.

Nevertheless, ardent believers buy into the concept of living upwards of 5,000 years or even, as Thiel told the New Yorker, forever. Its the kind of thinking that gets money funneled into experiments such as the one conducted by researchers at the National Academy of Medicines Healthy Longevity Global Grand Challenge, in which an old mouse and a young one were surgically connected so that they shared blood, resulting in the oldster becoming youthful.

A similar study, done by researchers at Stanford University and University of California San Francisco, showed a turnaround in cognitive aging and better memory in elder mice that were injected with the plasma of younger ones.

If the planets richest men have their way, prolonging life and curtailing deadly diseases may be no more pie-in-the-sky than home computers were in the 1940s.

And some of the worlds top scientists are working right alongside them.

David Sinclair, author of Lifespan, who heads up labs at Harvard Medical School and University of New South Wales in Australia is a diehard believer in extended life spans. By the turn of the next century, a person who is 122 on the day of his or her death may be said to have lived a full, though not particularly long, life, he wrote in his book. Living until 150 may not be out of reach.

In the not-too-distant future, he predicts, age-reversing injections, laced with a small number of reprogramming genes, will be administered to people who turn 30 and be made to kick in 15 years later: Gray hair would disappear. Wounds would heal faster. Wrinkles would fade . . . Like Benjamin Button, you will feel 35 again, then 30, then 25.

For now, though, Sinclair is focused on a potential aging culprit: the epigenome, which is made up of chemical compounds and proteins that can attach to DNA and direct it. As he explained to Popular Mechanics, the epigenome turns genes on and off, but it loses information as we age. (Sinclair likens the degeneration to a scratch on a CD.) He said, I think it stops cells from reading the right genes.

While working to fix that life-altering glitch, Sinclair tries to stave off his own aging with more accessible tricks. He takes a regimen of vitamins (including D and K, the latter believed to keep bones healthy) and medications such as Metformin, which is clinically prescribed for Type 2 diabetes, but also appears to reduce incidents of other aging-related diseases.

He also fasts on a daily basis by skipping breakfast and having a late lunch, which, he said on a YouTube video, has been shown to extend [the] life span of everything from yeast cells . . . to monkeys exercises and eschews red meat.

Barzilai and Sinclair who are friends are simpatico in their beliefs about the epigenome, exercise and diet. But Barzilai said he can give or take the vitamins, describing them as Good for the economy; [but] they do not stop aging and are mostly helpful if you have a deficiency.

He believes that aging drives diseases. If you stop aging, you stop diseases. In other words, Barzilai said, The mechanisms that target aging are the same mechanisms that extend healthspan and extend life span.

Along that line, he, too, has been doggedly investigating the diabetes medicine Metformin as a source of healthfulness. Describing the pills as safe and generic and cheap, he personally takes them, and is currently leading a study called TAME: Targeting Aging with Metformin. Barzilai believes that the drug, which helps the body to use insulin more effectively, also slows other hallmarks of aging (including the decline of immunity). In studies with animals, we are using it to [lower incidents of] Alzheimers, cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes 2. [Studies] show that old people using Metformin had one-third the mortality from COVID.

The study will take another 4 to 6 years to complete, but Barzilai said that those interested in taking it for off-label purposes can ask their doctors.

Barzilai, a newly minted senior citizen at 65, has slightly more accessible goals than the immortality-chasing billionaires who finance research like his. Im sticking to the idea of being healthy until 85, he said.

If you tell me I will live for 12 billion years, Ill wonder how many catastrophes I will have to endure. I dont want that. I want to extend health. Longevity is a side effect.

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Inside the billionaire-funded fight to conquer aging and cheat death - New York Post

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Youth to the People’s Adaptogen Anti-Aging Cream Has Shoppers Hooked – InStyle

Each product we feature has been independently selected and reviewed by our editorial team. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn commission.

Another buzzy name is taking over the health and wellness industry, infiltrating sparkling drinks, superfood supplements, and even skincare: adaptogens. Despite their recent popularity, use of the Ayurvedic herbs and fungi is nothing new; people have relied on the ancient medicine for thousands of years to treat a range of concerns, such as managing stress levels and combating inflammation. While ingesting adaptogens can bring numerous benefits to the body, applying them topically to the skin has been proven to do wonders, too, minimizing dryness, fine lines and wrinkles, eczema, and irritation like no other.

According to shoppers, the Youth to the People Adaptogen Deep Moisture Cream is one of the best recent skincare remedies to come from adaptogenic beauty. Reviewers have called it a "magical elixir" for achieving beautiful skin, with some noticing significant results after just a week of use. Those with ultra-sensitive and dry skin feel as though they've found their "holy grail moisturizer," with one reviewer sharing that it keeps their skin feeling supple, "even in the Colorado dry climate."

The fragrance-free, vegan formula has a bountiful list of ingredients, including a proprietary adaptogenic blend of ashwagandha, rhodiola, and reishi. The trio brings plenty of antioxidants and amino acids to the complexion, working to counteract signs of aging and fatigue, while helping your skin react better to stress and environmental aggressors. Alongside the adaptogens, squalane, jojoba oil, and shea butter surge the skin with a heavy dose of hydration, and according to reviewers, keep the skin feeling moisturized "all day long" without any greasy residue. Even better, you'll find no dimethicone, parabens, or phthalates listed on the recyclable, 2-ounce glass jar.

"I've developed very sensitive skin over the last few years and I've tried everything to get it feeling fully moisturized with no success," shared one shopper. "Most hypoallergenic moisturizers aren't moisturizing enough for me. This is wonderful. I just wish it came in a bigger size. It's hard for me to avoid going through it too fast."

"My skin has improved immensely since I started Youth to the People," said another. "I barely wear foundation anymore and there is a visible difference; I regularly get compliments about my skin being clearer and brighter. It changed my skin in under two weeks of consistent use. I LOVE IT!!!"

Youth to the People recommends applying the cream to clean skin morning and night for the best results. Snag the anti-aging hero taking over regimens everywhere for $58 on the brands website.

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Youth to the People's Adaptogen Anti-Aging Cream Has Shoppers Hooked - InStyle

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Down on the ‘Transhuman Farm’ Nightmares are Technocratic – Being Of Click Built Panopticons and Tractors in Human Form , Alas. – -…

The horror!, The horror!

Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad

Recognizing the broad potential of mRNA science, we set out to create an mRNA technology platform that functions very much like an operating system on a computer.



[ sim-yuhleykruhm ]

noun, plural simulacra [sim-yuh-ley-kruh].

1. a slight, unreal, or superficial likeness or semblance.

2. an effigy, image, or representation: a simulacrum of Aphrodite.

In the novel We, written almost a century ago, Yevgeny Zamyatin introduced the concept of Great Operation: which as psycho-surgery had the effect of producing as he described tractors in human form.

Small article here examines the utility and potentiality of psycho-surgery and transhumanism from the perspective of the early 21st C given technological advance; and not so much Great Operation but Great Reset as currently in progress of being introduced at a Global level.

This apropos the quote from Heart of Darkness above and psycho-surgery being a polymorphous concept as ripe for technological development, alas and as Wilde put it paraphrased : technocratic evil bastards can resist anything but temptation.

At least one office in DARPA is devoted to Biological Technologies.

Social Credit as some parallel of tractorship in human form effected on a mass level is bleeding edge in China, such the technocratic prototype as unipolar, such the Dystopia?

Zamyatin conceived of the Great Operation as entailing destruction or impairment of function of parts of the human brain thru deployment of X-rays, and as a labor intensive as surgical operation; being as one brain lobotomized/strait jacketed phenomenological as much as one tractor in human form rendered at a time, such the psycho politics dystopian s algorithmic..

In fairness to Zamyatin when he wrote We X -Rays represented cutting edge technology, having only been discovered in 1895. Mass production as capital intense was still in its corporatist infancy back when Zamyatin wrote Model Ts were just beginning to roll off assembly lines.

It is said that Orwell drew heavily upon We concerning 1984.

The Great Reset contains the vision that in the future you shall own nothing and be happy. The potential implications of this statement in relation to technological development and transhumanism will be explored here; alongside the alternate conception of said Great Reset being as a new form of Feudalism not based on ownership of land and fief, but on ownership of transhumans and the fief of tractors in human form as said transhumanism exploited by way of debasement, such the simulacrum, such the tragedy, such the absurdity as Marx claimed.

Can transhumans be owned down on the technocratic farm?

Patent WO2020060606 Cryptocurrency System Using Body Activity Data; it shine a light?

That is to say; psychotronic technology is , alongside Artificial Intelligence (AI )and gene therapy the technology of the future as it meets the needs of technocratic pathology by way of facilitating widespread as Globalized owning nothing as well as happiness being as enforced under political form totalitarian as technocratic, such the anorexic mirror. The wet dreams of technocratic man gods as obscenely wealthy on the transhumanist farm await explication such the ius est?

Never in the course of history has so much been owned by so few, such the ius, nest ce pas?

As these small quarters write (early 21st C), we impoverished Humans still have the capacity to independently think; albeit this becoming rarer as is biodiversity under the military industrial corporatist complex as a result of technocratic direction and the growing power of technology to effect by way of winnowing not only behavioral patterns, but the thought patterns underlying same such the dumbing down, such the propaganda, such the drone/litany of woe as dystopian?

For neoliberalism synonymises technocracy such the freedom of do what thou wilt as the degenerate satanical bastard Aleister Crowley propagated?

It is reasonable to suppose that were Joseph Goebbels to be alive today he would be gleeful over the power of broadcast media to effect propaganda on a mass scale and its singularity of repetition of line to some corporatist technocratic parallel of Ein volk, ein reich, ein fuhrer attained as facilitated Globally and that would be before he as a degenerate introduced to the monitoring, controlling and manipulative aspects of technological progress as amoral; such the goose steps algorithmic as of Artificial Intelligence (AI); let alone the psychotronic potentialities of a new operating system as under genetic modification, such the hack, such the reboot as about to be jacked as further jagged up down on the transhuman farm?

The social media implications of dopamine release being as to some variant psychotronic of B-b-b-baby, you just aint seen n-n-nothin yet as the transhuman farm all set up to go into overdrive so it goes under megalomanical madness.

For electrosmog has a panotpiconic utility as truly fearful, and alas offers a synergy as Gestalten with the concept of genetic modification as much as the potentiality of new operating system to attain?

(Electrosmog of War on the Globalized Transhumanist Farm was considered for title this small article.)

Permit these small quarters to temporarily control and issue some currency as alternative as metapolitical questions raised here?

In accordance with Technocratic vision as weltsanchauung the term surplus population has been passed into the mundane via cultural hegemony as much as R2P as build back better; such the new normal, such the casus belli?

Such the head offed as menticidal as ecocidal, indeed?

What if , and here small quarters just speculating alternative as mindful of irony; a new operating system for Humanity could be possessed of eugenical characteristics? More prone to parallel of blue screen such the reboot? More susceptible as amenable to update?

A swab up every nose or ass, an injection in every arm as update effected under R2P?

What if Bill Gates , such the window, other than a money making philanthropist under trillionaire technocratic muppetry is pursuing a eugenical agenda based on technocratic apperception of surplus population?

What if the very concept of R2P has been even further corrupted/debased to mean the Protected not Humanity or Democracy or Human Rights but rather Resource Transfer as enables obscene wealth accumulation translated into obscene power, sense of Lord Actons proposition vis a vis power?

R2P - further corrupted/degenerated as in control and issue of opium in Afghanistan, oil in Iraq, oil in Libya, Oil inSyria such the production as in a theater of war morphing before our very eyes such the contemptoraneity (sic)?

Is there a responsibility to protect the health of a surplus population as apperceived; or does a live and let die ethos prevail under Technocracy?

Do Bears shit in the woods?

Does evil exist as incarnate or is it just dysfunctionality as pathological aberration under an empirical paradigm of objectivity?

Underneath not so much the spreading chestnut tree but rather the Empirical Tree down on the Transhuman Farm I sold you as much as you sold me demanded?

Are covidiots now as that charming man as ex passenger on the Lolita Express Alan Dershowitz professed fit to be held down and forcibly injected such the Nakba Transhumanist as a gene drive expressed?

Is such questioning under TINA as Technocratic hegemony goes by way of the Fourth Reich/ Industrial Revolution now Verboten?

The psychotropic as psychotronic possibilities arising from conjunction of AI, genetic modification, nanotechnology, beam formed electrosmog as a plasma are truly horrific to contemplate: they place Zamyatins concept of great operation and tractors in human form alongside Jose Delgado and his chipping of individual bulls via neurosurgery; this as much as a spear stands in relation to a hypersonic thermonuclear missile, both in context of economy of scale and metadeath, sense of genetic mutation effected?

Perhaps an algorithmic exposition of the transhuman farm as a click built panopticon is apposite/called for?

Congratulations, you are in just the right place at the right time!

The psychotronic potentiality of non ionizing radiation has already been demonstrated. It should be noted that this technology by way of beam forming can effect not only a sense of burning, but also the delivery of intelligible voice commands such the voice of god.

The ubiquitous presence of non ionizing radiation is something which can be attained thru telecommunications infrastructure. 5G roll-out exemplifies an environmental modulation apropos.

An enhancement of psychotronic potentiality as of aforementioned can be attained by way of:

a) Modulation the genetic base/ DNA code as an operating system.

b) The presence of electromagnetic nanotechnology

Artificial Intelligence is capable of co-ordinating the delivery of psychotronic control on a mass as global level; in conjunction as interfaced with suitable non ionizing radiation presence, genetic modification and electromagnetic nanotechnology , any biomass can be impacted pro actively; sense of surveillance, control and manipulation.

And all because the 0.001% love money, love power such the alpha point effected?

We shall own nothing and be happy!

Nothing includes our thoughts no longer our own such the psychotronics; includes our genes no longer same such the therapy, our own happiness such the soma as electromagnetic nanotechnologically to be enforced such the man gods supplicated unto to be?

Even bastard degenerate Nazis had a choice as to raise an arm or click heels?

Even in 1984 a ration could be seen as it was as?

Say hello to technocratic psychotronics!

Is it like thisIn deaths other kingdomWaking aloneAt the hour when we areTrembling with tendernessLips that would kissForm prayers to broken stone.

As T.S. Eliot wrote concerning hollow men as transhuman as technocratic?

Final words to Orwell, such the paraphrase.

(Transhuman Farm, indeed.)

The humans looked from technocrat to transhuman, and from transhuman to technocrat and could see no difference

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Scientists Are Using Brain Implants To Read Patients’ Minds, Then Yours – The Federalist

Last year, Elon Musk predicted his Neuralink brain implant could eventually allow people to bypass human language. With a handful of AI-powered chips jabbed into their brains, Neuralink users could converse with their thoughts alone. Poetry and liturgy would become a sentimental pastime, like roasting marshmallows over a campfire.

In principle, you would be able to communicate very quickly, and with far more precision, ideas, Musk mumbled to Joe Rogan. And language would Im not sure what would happen to language [But] really, in the first few versions all were going to be trying to do is solve brain injuries.

Many scoffed at the time, just as they did when Musk hyped the idea of a self-driving Tesla. Today, a quick glance around the 405 freeway in Los Angeles provides evidence that a billionaires dreams can quickly become the publics reality even if a few models have to burst into flames to get there.

On July 14, the transhumanist goal of neuro-telepathy came a step closer to realization, thanks to a major breakthrough by a team at the University of California, San Francisco.Neuroscientists surgically implanted a subdural electrode array on the surface of a stroke victims brain. For 81 weeks, they fed his sensorimotor cortex signals into an artificial intelligence system. Using the algorithms predictive power as a sort of auto-complete feature, the team was able to translate the subjects attempts at speech into text with extraordinary accuracy.

Although presently limited to a 50-word vocabulary, the silent patient is able to string together full sentences, which are displayed onscreen in real time. A few evocative examples include: Here is my computer, My family is very comfortable, They have faith, and Faith is good.

This experiment was supported by Project Steno, a long-term program funded and supported by Facebook. One of the projects broader goals was to create a non-invasive helmet that could translate the average users thoughts into digital information. Although Facebook Reality Labs decided to put this mass-market brain-cap on hold for now, the engineers are celebrating the UCSF neuroprosthetic implant as a new milestone in brain-computer interface.

The experiments leader, neuroscientist Edward Chang, extended his gratitude to the social media company. Weve learned so much about how speech is processed in the brain [over the past decade], but its only in the last five years that advances in machine learning have allowed us to get to this key milestone, he said. Facebooks machine learning advice and funding really accelerated our progress.

Changs results were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The scientists and engineers over at Neuralink are either seething with envy or dying to announce their next breakthrough in the race to create a cyborg elite.

Whether or not Changs invasive procedure can be reproduced consistently, the momentum behind it is irrefutable. According to the prevailing mythos in Silicon Valley and various academic programs, technology can ultimately heal what ails us. Brain implants will cure stroke damage, paralysis, traumatic injuries, and even soothe emotional maladies such as depression. Far beyond medical treatment, though, advocates for full augmentation intend to overcome the human condition itself.

Of all the transhumanists in high places, Elon Musk is perhaps the most famous. Last April, he stunned the unsuspecting world with avideo of a macaque monkey playing MindPong using two Neuralink chips drilled into his brain. While Neuralinks next planned step will be treating degenerative brain disease in humans, Musk has said many times his ultimate goal is cognitive enhancement and human-AI symbiosis.

The tycoons urgency stems from a belief that artificial intelligence will soon outstrip flawed human cognition, as weve already seen with Go champions, cancer and heart disease diagnosis, Amazon warehouse management, and aerial dogfight simulations.

Over time I think we will probably see a closer merger of biological intelligence and digital intelligence, Musk told a crowd in Dubai. Its mostly about the bandwidth, the speed of the connection between your brain and the digital version of yourself. Hed better get moving, because theres plenty of competition.

Blackrock Neurotech has arguably made the most progress on neuroprosthesis, at least in terms of medical applications. The company provided a key component for the UCSF breakthrough. Thirty people worldwide have had an implanted brain-computer interface, their website boasts. Twenty-eight of those use Blackrocks technology.

With the longest chronic implant being over six years, we know we can make BCI work for millions today! the site homepage says. And tomorrow we can aim to make hundreds of millions of people walk, talk, see, hear, and feel again.

Beyond medicine, Kernel is among the most audacious players using a brain-computer interface solely for cognitive enhancement. Currently, the company has developed two non-invasive skullcaps that monitor neurological activity to optimize human performance. Kernel Flow uses near-infrared spectroscopy to measure blood flow. Kernel Flux uses magnetometers to track the brains electromagnetic fluctuations.

These helmets can have numerous biofeedback applications, including cognitive and athletic performance, heightened focus during meditation, and brain-to-brain synchrony. Two weeks ago, the company announced its partnership with Statespace to produce superhuman video gamers.

By 2030, Kernels founder Bryan Johnson aims to put a brain helmet in every American household. Like Musk, hes convinced mere humanity will need a wide range of enhancement tools to remain relevant in the age of artificial intelligence because anything you can do, AI can do better.

As a religious philosophy, transhumanism sees technological augmentation as a moral duty. It begins with the quest to overcome disease, old age, and death, and it ends with something like the Christian vision of human perfection and immortality.

Its an underappreciated fact that many transhumanists are not atheists. Some see technology as a way to realize Gods unfolding plan even if that means irreversibly altering the human form, or replacing humans with simulacra altogether.

Resting on the pillars of gene-editing, bionic modification, neuro-enhancement, robotics, and artificial intelligence, transhumanism is yet another dream for a better world. Naturally, these far-reaching ambitions invite revulsion and ridicule from normal people.

Perhaps more importantly, human perfection has always proven to be an impossible dream (the Kardashians are a fine example). That limitation may not matter, though, as long as powerful people are driven to pursue grand visions and intend to drag the rest of us along.

Changs UCSF brain implant experiment shows that some aspects of the transhumanist vision are already within reach. Technology confers miraculous powers. Even if the subjects immune system eventually rejects the electrodes in his head (as is quite common), for now hes able to do something that for nearly two decades was impossible: directly express his thoughts in words.

One of the more touching phrases hes able to convey is, I need you. Although the study makes no mention of it, I imagine he immediately said, Thank you. Progress wont stop with this heart-warming scenario, though. It never does.

The first computers were developed out of military necessity. Today, more than six billion people in the world casually use smartphones to enhance memory and cognition as if they always existed.Sex-change operations were pioneered to cater to troubled souls who saw no other option. Now hormone therapy is in vogue and even children are being convinced to try it.

Its only a matter of time before we see attempts to use elective brain implants to create elite mathematicians and super-soldiers. Over and over again, were told this new world is inevitable. That may be the case, but not because God or nature deemed it so. Transhumanism is inevitable for the same reason that war is always imminent: because someone with enough power wants it to happen.

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As meat prices soar in Lebanon, veganism fills the gap for some – Reuters

BEIRUT, July 6 (Reuters) - While healthier lifestyles and greater awareness of climate issues have encouraged a rise in veganism around the world, some Lebanese are taking it up out of necessity.

As the country faces a financial crisis that has driven more than half the population into poverty, many Lebanese find they can't afford meat or chicken.

Prices are spiralling and salaries are collapsing as the local currency continues to fall after losing 90% of its value over the past two years.

"There are many problems in the country, even the army can't afford the right amount of meat and chicken in meals," said Camille Madi, the director of Basecamp, an association that distributes meals to the needy.

Budget cuts forced the military to cut meat from its meals last year.

Basecamp, which started work after the Beirut port blast last summer, had been delivering daily food parcels that included protein, but with donations shrinking and prices rising, a workaround was necessary.

Volunteers from Base Camp, walk as they carry bags of vegetables to be distributed to people in need in Beirut, Lebanon July 1, 2021. REUTERS/Ahmed al kerdi

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It now delivers one to three times a month to those in need, providing food boxes instead of hot meals, with no meat and chicken.

Basecamp and the Lebanese Vegans Social Hub, which promotes veganism, joined forces to provide 100 vegan meals, Madi, explained as he oversaw volunteers delivering food parcels in Beirut's Karantina area, badly affected by the port explosion.

While delivering the aid boxes, Social Hub members were also raising awareness about vegan food and why it can be a solution now.

"Delivering vegan food is healthy and in this economic situation is very suitable, because a person can substitute the protein they are getting from meat, calcium they are getting from cheese, and every animal product can be substituted by vegan food and it's cheaper in this economic situation," said activist Roland Azar.

Madi says children who eat Manoushe, a Lebanese pizza topped with cheese, can improve the quality of their meals if they spend the same on vegan items.

"The kid who's eating a Manoushe every day won't have the necessary nutrients, but today with the price of one Manoushe, you can buy a kilo or two of vegetables that can provide him with the needed nutrients."

Reporting by Alaa Kanaan; Editing by Giles Elgood

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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Lizzo’s First 3-Minute TikTok Video Is Just Her Eating a Vegan Chicken Sandwich. And We’re Here for It. – VegNews

Social media platform TikTok is now allowing users to make three-minute videos and Lizzo is using the extra time to savor a vegan chicken sandwich. The musical artists first three-minute TikTok video was dedicated to a vegan hot honey sandwich and fries from Lettuce Feast, a Los Angeles area vegan food truck. Lizzo spent the entirety of the three minutes joyfully eating and praising her vegan meal. When it came to the crinkle cut fries, Lizzo compared them all to that one Dorito thats perfectly seasoned in the bag. Between bites, Lizzo shared that the sandwichwhich replaces chicken with fried mushroomswas perfectly sauced and seasoned. They dont got no respect for nobody making food like this, she jokingly says.

Lizzos first three-minute TikTok video was dedicated to vegan food and given her history of engaging vegan food posts, it will likely not be her last. In the last few weeks, the 33-year-old musical artist has used TikToks one-minute format to create humorous vegan food videos that follow the popular Super Mario Bros. trend on TikTokwhere users post activities overlaid with the soundtrack of the game. In one, Lizzo tackles food from The Fat Vegan, another Los Angeles vegan business, with power-up sounds as she devours various food items such as orange cauliflower (a vegan take on orange chicken), buffalo seitan wings, hot dogs, and Beyond Meat-stuffed burgers. In another one, Lizzo takes on tacos and goes through seven different kindssoundtracked by different levels from Super Mariobefore tapping out.

Lizzo first publicly announced that she was vegan in June 2020 to her then 8.8 million TikTok fansa following that has since grown to 16.6 million on the platform. In a 2017 interview, Lizzo explained that she experimented with being vegan for one year after following a vegetarian diet for seven years. During her first stint with veganism, Lizzo lived in Minneapolis, a city she praises for creative vegan options.

Last year, Lizzo returned to veganism and announced the transition with a video featuring a vegan recipe she uses to cure hangover cravings. So being plant-based and vegan has been pretty easy except for when I am hungover, I used to crave cheesy eggs. So here is my substitute for cravings when youre hungover, Lizzo said, sharing a recipe for a vegan breakfast scramble made with JUST Egg and vegan pepper jack cheese served with a side of crispy maple syrup-glazed vegan bacon.

Lizzo spent a good portion of the last year-and-a-half creating recipes for unique vegan takes on her fast-food favorites and sharing them with her TikTok followers. From Lizzos version of McDonalds McChicken sandwich to vegan ice cream bread made with Ben & Jerrys dairy-free Netflix & Chilld flavor, Lizzo was out to show followers that veganism could be fun and easy.

While Lizzo started with fast-food copycat recipes, she quickly moved on to figuring out fun ways to celebrate vegetables. In April, Lizzo brought vegan Brussels sprout nachos into existence from a daydream. To create the unique dish, Lizzo air-fried the cruciferous veggies, topped them with vegan walnut meat, and generously drizzled them with vegan nacho cheese sauce by Mother Raw. This summer, Lizzo is calling carrots the new It girl and recently created a vegan feast centered around the orange veggie. Lizzos carrot feast included a carrot-based dip inspired by TikToker Nasim Lahbichi, carrot hot dogs, and carrot juice.

When she isnt making her own meals, Lizzo is the first in line to try new vegan foods. Last year, vegan brand Beyond Meat partnered with restaurant chain and food company Golden Krust to give their 30-year-old Jamaican beef patty recipe a vegan makeoverand Lizzo was one of the first people to try it. Im not exaggerating when I say today is possibly the best day of my life, Lizzo said while eating the vegan patties, adding that Golden Krusts version made her homemade Jamaican patties look janky.

The star also makes sure to support her local businesses for important occasions such as New Years Eve and the premiere of Beyoncs musical film Black Is King. For Juneteenth last year, Lizzo shared her multi-day vegan feast she had catered by Black-owned vegan businesses with her TikTok followers. The first day of the celebration featured carne asada tacos and pasta dishes from Compton-based Plate of Hue, followed the next day by chicken tenders, fries, saucy chicken sandwiches, and coleslaw from Lettuce Feast. The musician kept the celebration going with mac and cheese, asparagus, corn, mashed potatoes, ribs, and beans from The Fat Vegan and, on the final day, she scarfed down vegan mozzarella sticks, sandwiches, and cauliflower wings from Orange County, CA-based Munchies Vegan Diner.

Throughout her vegan journey, Lizzo has shared daily food journals, favorite dishes, and unique recipes, along with an unwavering message of body positivity. Love yourself at all stages of your life because you are who you are, Lizzo said in a TikTok video she shared to celebrate her six-month vegan anniversary in October.

Love the plant-based lifestyle as much as we do?Get the BEST vegan recipes, travel, celebrity interviews, product picks, and so much more inside every issue of VegNews Magazine. Find out why VegNews is the worlds #1 plant-based magazine by subscribing today!


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Green pensions ‘are 57 times better than veganism in the fight against climate change’ – Energy Live News – Energy Made Easy

Thinking of going vegan? Maybe your savings could offer better protection against climate change.

New research from Make My Money Matter, Aviva and Route2 estimates green pensions are nearly 57 times more effective at cutting emissions, than adopting a vegan diet.

A pension that is classified as green is an option offered by a provider whose schemes are aligned to the Paris Agreement.

The findings of the report show pensioners with a minimum pot of 100,000 could save through green pension schemes up to 64 tonnes of carbon. That translates to nine years worth of a UK citizens average carbon footprint.

The authors of the study also stress those with an average-sized pension pot who switch to a sustainable option, could save 19 tonnes of carbon dioxide a year.

Richard Curtis, Co-Founder of Make My Money Matter, said:We need the entire UK pensions industry to go green, making their default funds more sustainable so all savers can have a pension to be proud of.

As individuals, we have a critical role to play in driving this change by showing providers that we want our money invested in a way that does good, not harm and so that we can retire into a world that is not on fire.

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More people turn to a plant-based diet in Turkey as access grows – TRT World

We spoke to the owners of a vegan restaurant, a doctor who recommends a plant-based diet, and a young vegan in Istanbul to see how the trend is growing in Turkey.

Ozge Sen and Belkis Boyacigiller started the vegan restaurant Bi Nevi Deli in August 2014 when they were in their early thirties. Boyacigiller says their decision was prompted by a lack of delicious, healthy and ethnically diverse culinary options when eating out.

We chose to spotlight new emerging superfoods and ingredients, many of which we introduced to the Turkish public, and create colourful, health-based dishes that would satisfy not just vegans and vegetarians but anyone who was looking for a good, refreshing meal, different from the standard fare, she writes in an email interview.

The menu at Bi Nevi Deli, located in Istanbuls Etiler district on the European side, is entirely vegan. Boyacigiller says they decided not to include anything that they didnt eat on the menu even when that meant cutting out the one vegetarian dish, a pimaniye (candy floss) cheesecake that was very Instagrammable back in the day in 2015.

Boyacigiller confirms that there is increased interest in veganism/vegetarianism in Turkey. She says in recent years, many new commercially available local brands have emerged, such as non-dairy alternative milk brands like Fomilk and Nilky, cheese brands like Orfa the Standard Vegan, Trakya Ciftligi, Fomilk, Cheezmir as well as meat alternatives like Veggys Dner, Tofu, Schnitzel, Moving Mountains Burgers, Vappys seitan, Limonita Vegan Butchers charcuterie options.

This, plus the pandemic and working from home, has helped contribute to an influx of new vegan influencers from Turkey creating content for the Turkish public, she adds. She also feels that with more products readily available, making the switch becomes a lot easier!

Sen and Boyacigiller follow vegan/vegetarian influencers on social media, such as Kathy Freston, Rich Roll, Lewis Hamilton, Dr. Garth Davis, TheGutHealthMD, Kimberly Snyder and Plant-based Juniors, who they say offer inspiration and key nutritional info.

Boyacigiller says she and her business partner Ozge Sen have been seeing an awareness that eating more plants is beneficial. Many of our customers, she points out, if not necessarily vegan, are eating plant-predominant diets.

Dr Murat Kinikoglu, 66, has been a vegan for more than seven years and a pescatarian (I used to eat fish once a week) for eight years before that: I havent eaten red meat, chicken, yogurt, eggs, cheese for fifteen years. I feel great, and my lab results are perfect. He says eating animals causes many ills, from inflammation to diabetes, to heart attacks, kidney failure, and high blood pressure, as evidenced by many scientific papers.

People are slaves to their eating habits, he notes, and they ignore these facts. Because I know eating vegan is a way to a healthy lifestyle, I recommend my patients follow a vegan diet.

He also believes that as in around the world, there is great interest in Turkey for vegan eating. When there is demand, the number of vegan restaurants and cafes increases, he says. Companies that deliver meals add vegan options to their menus. Leading a vegan lifestyle becomes easier day by day.

Bi Nevi Delis Boyacigiller gives credit to Netflix documentaries that are educating people on the atrocities occurring in commercial animal meat production and the negative effects on the environment that can be seen and felt firsthand. Add to that the documentaries showing the healing and strengthening powers of a whole-foods, plant-based diet like in The Game Changers and What the Health, we always see an uptick in new customer acquisition after the release of such documentaries on Netflix!

Munevver Dobur, 28, is one such vegan. She has been a vegan for four years, and was a vegetarian for one year before that. At first, she says, she was attracted to a vegan lifestyle for environmental reasons. But then she quickly realised there was an ethical component to it, after viewing documentaries on commercial farming and watching YouTube videos.

Now, she says, its not just about the food for me. I also care about how my clothes are made, buy cruelty-free cosmetics (not tested on animals or containing animal products), down-free pillows and medications that dont have animal-origin components.

According to Boyacigiller, many people became more conscious of what they put on their plates after realising that coronavirus is a zoonotic disease, and is a direct result of how we raise animals for human consumption.

Dr Kinikoglu agrees, pointing out that movements embraced by young people have always had a greater potential to grow. Becoming vegan and educational levels are directly correlated, he says. Young people are aware that the world is going through a crisis, that something needs to be done. Someone who switches to eating a plant-based diet doesnt just help their own health, but stops forests from being cleared by fire [to make way for agricultural land], and helps animals live.

Boyacigiller says that athletes and celebrities following a plant-based diet have also contributed to the popularity of vegetarianism/veganism: Many of the GOATs (greatest of all time) athletes in recent years are vegan or predominantly plant-based and this has garnered much attention in the benefits of a plant-based or vegan diet i.e. Tom Brady, Lewis Hamilton, Novak Djokovic. Female celebrities like Beyonce, Kim Kardashian, and Miley Cyrus eating vegan diets have also likely contributed to the popularity.

Dr Kinikoglu says he doesnt follow celebrity influencers but rather doctors who recommend low-fat plant-based diets to their patients. One of his favourites is Dr Neal Barnard, who Kinikoglu says supports all his nutritional claims with scientific articles.

Boyacigiller recommends going over to Moda, in Istanbuls Kadikoy district, a neighbourhood that has recently become increasingly popular with the younger generation, to see the future. Every restaurant there, she says, has at least one good vegan option if not, its bad for business. Boyacigiller foresees that this should become the norm all over Turkey in two-three years from now.

Munevver Dobur, a vegan who lives in Kadikoy, Istanbul, says she has never had a problem finding food to eat at Turkish restaurants throughout the country, especially those providing home cooked meals, zeytinyal (olive oil dishes) or mezes. She adds that every restaurant, chain or otherwise, has vegan options nowadays and that they are becoming increasingly available. She does make the distinction that some vegans are opposed to eating french fries at say, Burger King, because it contributes to the meat industry bottomline, but that it depends on the individual.

I had more trouble [finding plant-based food] when I lived in a small town called Burgos in Spain for six months, she says, and I was a vegetarian then. Every dish seemed to contain either meat or fish.

For Dr Kinikoglu, there is a vast difference between being a vegan and a vegetarian in that vegans dont consume milk, yogurt, eggs and other animal byproducts while vegetarians do. Becoming vegetarian might protect against some health problems, he says, but those consuming eggs, milk and dairy products may be negatively affected in the long run.

Asked to compare Indias strict Hindu vegetarianism and veganism, Boyacigiller says she sees a similarity but elaborates that Veganism takes this a bit further in that it is an ethical stance that opposes animal suffering in any form, hence not eating or using anything that is derived from an animal.

She ends by saying Eat at least one meal a day, totally vegan, and be part of the solution, rather than the problem!

Source: TRT World

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