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Category : Healthy Lifestyle

3 Habits for a Healthier Lifestyle – The UCSD Guardian Online

Between school, work, and student organizations, life as a college student can be a bit overwhelming. It may seem like you cant get a grip on your life and are barely afloat, but I have some news for you. You can take hold of your life and change those negative patterns and mindsets to one that prioritizes yourself. When you prioritize yourself, everything else falls together. These habits may seem obvious and you may already be practicing them but maybe not so efficiently. Incorporating these habits into your lifestyle and making them a part of your daily routine will create a reduction in your stress levels and a change in your mental and physical states. You should first get the basics down and then progress, because there is no quick fix to health and fitness. Taking care of your mental state will make it easier to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Habit One: Write Out Your Schedule

The first one seems obvious but isnt often executed properly for individuals, leading to an increase of stress, lack of sleep, or mood swings. So, create a schedule. Get a planner and write each day out. You may even need to do this by the hour depending on how busy your schedule is. Next, copy what you have written down into your notes and reminders on your phone so your schedule is always accessible and you have reminders to keep you on track. Although this seems like it will not give you as much free time as you want, in the grand scheme of things, it will save you from stress and mental breakdowns. Creating a routine helps you prioritize what is truly important and aligns your mindset to your goals.

Habit Two: Create a Sleep Schedule

The second is creating a sleep schedule. I know this may be hard because each day changes, but it could aligns with your scheduled out days/routine. Compared to your current sleep schedule, if you went to bed one hour earlier and woke up one hour earlier, it would give you that extra hour you wished you had. Waking up early reduces stress levels, helps with success, and stabilizes your emotions and mindset. In the article The Scientific Argument for Waking Up Early, Stanford Psychologist BJ Fogg states that willpower is not how you build good habits. Instead, you need to design your environment and life for them. You need to get small wins every single day, which stack on top of each other. Alter your no time mindset to a prioritized mindset.

Habit Three: Alter Your Mindset

The last habit, altering your mindset, is what stabilizes the change to a healthier lifestyle. This is the overall habit that will truly make any other habit stick. Essentially, if you get out of that negative mindset to a focused mindset, you will realize how much time you waste on unnecessary things. Reset, readjust, restart, refocus as many times as you need to is one of my favorite quotes because there is no pressure on getting it right the first time. Changing your lifestyle is hard and you might fail, but as long as you keep resetting , you will get a hold of it. By readjusting your mindset, it will essentially give you more free time to study, do homework, workout, nap, and then relax and watch TV. I personally schedule out my whole day by the hour and designate timeframes for naps, workouts, and leisure time. Whenever I stray away from the schedule, I fall into this pit of doing nothing and it induces my stress, making me either lose sleep or put me behind. That is why it is important to have this altered mindset stick.

This all leads to the underlying theme: time management. Time management is so important because it will create schedules that will have extra time that you didnt realize exists. Create the life you want. Take life by the horns and control it. Save yourself from the mental breakdowns, anxiety attacks, spent money, and wasted time and have that healthier lifestyle mentally and physically. Your mental health should be the main priority, so do yourself a favor and do anything that can benefit it. You only have one body, so treat it kindly.

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3 Habits for a Healthier Lifestyle - The UCSD Guardian Online

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Medications as effective as stents for most with coronary artery disease – Harvard Health Blog – Harvard Health

How best to treat a patient with stable coronary artery disease (CAD)? The cardiology community has debated this question for decades, arguing whether its best to take a conservative or invasive approach.

The ISCHEMIA trial (ischemia means not enough oxygen is getting to the heart muscle), a new study reported at Novembers American Heart Association meeting, provides some answers. This study suggests that for most, managing CAD with medications alone (the conservative approach) is as safe and effective as the more invasive strategy of cardiac catheterization and opening of the blocked artery.

ISCHEMIA followed over 5,000 patients with significant narrowing in one or more coronary arteries. Half of the patients were randomly selected to receive conservative treatment with optimal medical therapy (OMT) and lifestyle changes to treat risk factors such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol. The other half were given OMT and also sent for cardiac catheterization (threading of a flexible catheter into the heart arteries to look for narrowed or blocked coronary blood vessels). When blockages were found, these patients underwent placement of a small mesh tube, called a stent, to prop open the affected area. When blockages were too complex for stent placement, open-heart surgery was performed.

The findings were surprising. Many cardiologists would have predicted that the invasive strategy would be superior to the conservative strategy. The group that received stents did report greater relief of angina, or chest pain. But there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of rates of heart attack, death, or hospitalization for worsening heart pain.

Proponents of the conservative approach argue that OMT makes more sense than stenting because it addresses all the arteries in the heart, not just the small section of narrowing addressed by a stent that may be causing angina but may not represent a risk to health.

Since their introduction in the 1980s, stents have been widely used in the treatment of CAD. Stents are effective at relieving angina in patients who continue to experience symptoms despite being on appropriate medicines. Angina refers to the symptoms typically pressure or tightness across the chest that occur when the heart muscle does not get enough oxygen-rich blood.

Angina is a symptom of advanced atherosclerosis, a process of inflammation and plaque formation that leads to blood vessel narrowing. If an atherosclerotic plaque ruptures, this can trigger the formation of a blood clot, severely and suddenly obstructing blood flow. Depending on the degree of obstruction and which artery is involved, this may cause abrupt worsening of angina, called unstable angina, or death of the heart muscle, called a heart attack. Unstable angina occurs at rest, or with increasingly little exertion.

Patients experiencing unstable angina or heart attack almost always require urgent cardiac catheterization, and often stent placement.

Unlike unstable angina, patients with stable angina have more predictable, chronic symptoms that can be managed with medications. Stable angina worsens with exertion or sometimes with emotional stress, and improves with rest. Reduction of stable angina involves improving the mismatch between oxygen supply and demand. This can be accomplished either by lowering demand or improving supply.

Demand can be reduced with OMT, which may include beta blockers, which slow down the heart rate, or nitroglycerin, which decreases the work of the heart by relaxing blood vessels. Statins and aspirin are another important component of OMT, because they help to stem the progression of heart disease, reducing the risk of unstable angina or heart attack. When medication fails, blood supply to the heart muscle can be increased by removing the blockage with a stent or bypassing the blockage with open-heart surgery.

Many cardiologists have assumed that stents are effective, not only at relieving symptoms but also at preventing future heart attacks, leading many to pursue early cardiac catheterizations for their patients with stable angina. However, the ISCHEMIA trial suggests that medications are just as good at preventing heart attacks and death in stable patients.

This is welcome news for patients who previously would have been urged to have a cardiac catheterization and stent placement for stable angina. It now seems clear that these patients can be safely managed with medications alone, avoiding the risk and discomfort of the procedure, not to mention reducing healthcare costs.

ISCHEMIA is not the first study to demonstrate that OMT is a safe and effective alternative to stent placement. But it is the most influential because of its careful design, large number of patients, and comparison of the newest stents and most current medical treatments.

So, how best to manage patients with stable coronary artery disease? A safe and effective long-term strategy for most is to start with medications and healthy lifestyle. For those who continue to be limited by angina, an invasive procedure is appropriate for symptom control. Stents relieve angina, but they do not prevent heart attacks or death.

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How can the health-care system reward healthy behavior? – The Grand Junction Daily Sentinel

Sadly, despite the highest per-capita health care spending in the world, our statistical life expectancy in the U.S. is declining for three years running. It's past time to address the issues of chronic disease at the root of this trend. But to do so, health insurance needs to take a few lessons from auto insurance.

Auto insurance companies regularly offer discounts for safe driving. Conversely, traffic accidents and speeding lead to rate increases. In addition, Car reports that a DUI can increase an individual's auto insurance rates anywhere from 80% to 371%.

Without these potential auto insurance policy rate increases, our roads would be less safe while being more expensive for the habitual safe and responsible drivers. Interestingly, nobody ever decries these traffic law and auto insurance policies as "nanny state" techniques.

Auto insurance rewards healthy driving while penalizing poor driving.

On the other hand, health insurance fails this sustainability test.

Via commercial insurance, Medicaid, and Medicare rates and taxes rise for everyone because of the unhealthy behavior of some while offering insignificant rewards for healthy behavior. This is a perfect recipe for financial unsustainability in any health-care system, let alone within the most expensive one on the planet.

So what is the health insurance equivalent of speeding or driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol? More importantly, what happens to an individual's health insurance premium for avoidable and well established behaviorally related health problems? Other than some rate adjustments for smoking nothing happens. Worse yet, as the total cost of care for a population increases from avoidable chronic disease states, health insurance rates for everyone increase. Plus, we pay more in taxes to fund Medicaid and Medicare.

The challenge in health insurance is to find a method to reward healthy behavior without driving up health insurance premiums for the chronically ill and those with unfortunate health-related events of no fault of their own.

We could offer relatively inexpensive health insurance to a healthy cohort of patients. Unfortunately, this policy would drastically increase health insurance rates for the sick and chronically ill. Given the extraordinary cost of health care in the United States, it is necessary to spread the cost of care over the majority of the population.

So how does a community, state, or nation rise to the challenge and find a mechanism to reward healthy behavior while disincentivizing unhealthy behavior? An advanced society with affordable health insurance will boldly address this challenge.

The answer lies in the ability to utilize the health insurance equivalents of speeding or reckless driving. Fortunately for us, the Centers for Disease Control or CDC has already accumulated the necessary data. The CDC has identified the most costly behaviors relevant to health insurance: the use of tobacco, alcohol, and sugar-based beverages. As per the CDC, the United States' health care system spends over $700 billion per year treating acute and chronic disease related to the use of these products.

In effect, the "safe drivers" among us are paying this annual $700 billion tab. It's time for a refund. We must begin rewarding healthy behavior in health insurance. Currently, the cost of public and private health insurance includes the cost of caring for many chronic diseases caused by human behavior. The public can smoke, vape, drink, chew, eat and ingest a well-documented variation of unhealthy products. Correspondingly, the price of health insurance increases for everyone.

This is why the largest physician organization in the state of Colorado has enacted policy that could help Colorado lead the nation in addressing the chronic disease epidemic. In November, the Colorado Medical Society voted to support increased taxes on alcohol, tobacco, and sugar-based beverages as long as those taxes be used to address the high cost of health care by addressing chronic disease where it starts and by rewarding those who choose a healthy lifestyle. The Mesa County Medical Society led the charge.

The policy does not support taxes on these products if the revenue is allowed to go to the general fund. If revenue is used for prevention and reducing premiums, there is a healthy return on investment for a Colorado consumer who chooses a healthy lifestyle. It is a tax that is then returned to the well- deserved healthy consumer of health insurance.

This tax policy works like our traffic laws. Healthy living is rewarded while we simultaneously work to reduce the rate and ill effects of unhealthy behavior. And, at the same time, we preserve the insurance pools such that health insurance rates don't go up for the chronically ill with "no-fault" health problems.

With enough support, Colorado could pilot this innovative health policy design for a nation in desperate need of more value per health care dollar.

To learn more, view Dr. Pramenko's TED Talk: "Marketing Healthy Behavior."

Michael J. Pramenko M.D. is the executive director of Primary Care Partners. He is chairman of the Board of Monument Health and is a past president of the Colorado Medical Society.

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How can the health-care system reward healthy behavior? - The Grand Junction Daily Sentinel

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Which meat is healthiest to eat? – Fox News

Dear Dr. Manny,

What kind of meat is the best meat to eat? I keep hearing that red meat is bad for you and can cause all kinds of diseases. Is that true? What does it do to the body?

Thanks for your question.

There is no one good meat for everyone to eat because everyones body is different and requires different nutrients. However, usually, the best kinds of meat to eat are low in fat and high in protein.


Sirloin steak is one of these meats because three ounces of steak has 25 grams of protein.

Oftentimes, the meat isnt the problem, but the added salt and seasonings can make it less healthy. Rely on meats that arent as seasoned. Rotisserie chicken is high on flavor but low on seasoning, making it the most healthy kind of chicken to eat.

Chicken thighs are also good for you because they have good fats, fatty acids, and iron. Dont deep fry your chicken, but bake it or roast it instead.


Pork chops are good sources of lean protein and low saturated fat. Canned fish has 100 percent of the omega-threes that your body needs in a day.

Red meat is not necessarily bad for you. In fact, it is full of nutrition. Raw ground beef contains Vitamin B3, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6, iron, zinc, and selenium. However, observational studies have shown that eating red meat on a regular basis can cause problems with your heart and may potentially increase your risk of cancer.


However, it is hard to prove that red meat is the only cause for these health problems. It is better to eat red meat as part of a healthy, balanced diet and strive overall for a healthy lifestyle and diet.

Do you have a health question for Dr. Manny? Email us

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Which meat is healthiest to eat? - Fox News

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Easy ways to stop holiday temptations from sinking your healthy lifestyle – Milwaukee Courier Weekly Newspaper

The average person can gain 5-10 pounds over the holidays! Most will lose some but not all of that weight after the new year. But a few pounds stick around. And over time, that certainly adds up. Ive coached thousands to achieve better wellness. And I know there are realistic ways to keep those holiday pounds from invading your body this year.

Coping with the temptations of holiday foods

Watch your portions and dont think you have to eat what everyone has provided. Get creative! There are healthy options, such as my three-ingredient Visibly Fit cookies (recipe below) that everyone will love just as much as less nutritious choices. Some other suggestions:

Go on, get moving and have some fun outdoors!

I grew up in Texas, where Thanksgiving usually meant sitting around watching the Dallas Cowboys game. Instead of napping on the couch, then helping yourself to another plate once you wake up, plan ahead to gather the family outdoors for fun activities.

This could mean having your own 20-minute game during halftime or after the football game is over. Or, if its December, go caroling after dinner and share your seasonal joy with neighbors.

Wendie Petts Visibly Fit Cookies

Its the time of year that everyone seems to be baking sweet treats. Here is a delicious, tasty 3-ingredient cookie to enjoy without the guilt!

Makes 12-15 Cookies

2 large, ripe bananas1-1/2 c GF rolled oats2/3 c organic dark chocolate chipsCinnamon (optional)

Preheat oven to 350

Mash bananas. Combine all ingredients. Mix well until thoroughly moist. Spoon up onto a baking sheet.

Sprinkle with cinnamon.

Bake 12-15 minutes. Let cool.

About the author

Wendie Pett is a full-time business owner of Visibly Fit as well as a naturopathic doctor, wife, mother, fitness expert, author, speaker, TV host and part-time volunteer. Her business consists of whole-food/plant-based wellness coaching, emotional healing, personal online training, fitness planning, educational and motivational speaking, and creating new products/tools to assist clients along their wellness journey. To learn more go to

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Easy ways to stop holiday temptations from sinking your healthy lifestyle - Milwaukee Courier Weekly Newspaper

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‘The Biggest Loser’: Meet all the contestants who are set to sail on a journey of transformation on the show – MEAWW

'The Biggest Loser' is coming back to the screen with another season. Bob Harper will be appearing on the show as the host and will follow the lives of men and women who are coming together to change their life.

The audience will get a chance to be part of the journey where contestants not only lose weight but try to fight the reasons that led them to gain weight in the first place.

Trainers, Steve Cook and Erica Lugo will also be following the journey of these contestants and the show will allow the contestants to tell their life stories to the world.

Teri Aguiar was formerMiss Missouri 1999. She then turned flight nurse from Columbia. Aguiar, who is a mother of two decided to start her journey on the show ever since she felt her weight was slowing her down. Currently, at 256 pounds, Aguiar hopes she can get her weight under control and that would help her do her job better.

Katarina Bouton is a 23-year-old cardiac nurse from Jacksonville. She has always struggled with her weight and has decided to come as a contestant on the show to drive her lifestyle towards healthy living. Bouton has always advised people on healthy eating but weighing at 293 pounds, Bouton often finds herself munching on fast food during her shifts. She now hopes to turn her life around.

Domenico Brugellis is a proud father of a six-year-old and works as a food manager with the Department of Education. His job requires him to make healthy choices for the children and his chef background helps him do just that. However, when it comes to himself, Brugellis is unable to maintain a healthy balance with food. Now, weighing 323 pounds, he hopes to make a change in his life as he decides to become a part of the show.

Micah Collum is a 23-year-old from Oneonta whose childhood impacted his way of living. Having divorced parents made Micah and his six siblings fend for themselves. While his weight and height posed an advantage when he was in high school, things have changed now. Ever since Collum graduated he has gained 100 pounds and is struggling to make ends meet as he juggles between various jobs. Weighing at 326, Collum hopes to change his life for the better.

Kim Davis is known for her charming personality and weighing at 242 pounds she is set to turn her life around. Davis currently works like a top tour guide at a popular whiskey distillery. Almost 19 years ago she won her battle against breast cancer and she is not set to start another journey and this time it is to tackle her weight.

Jim DiBattista is a proud father of three who also takes on the role of coach of a local youth football team in his native Philadelphia. DiBattista weighs 385 pounds and wants to lose weight to make sure that he is there to support his family.

Megan Hoffman is a 35-year-old from Simi Valley and is an Operations and Retention Director at a gym. Working at the gym Hoffman is aware of the importance of having a healthy lifestyle but she is unable to take control of her life. Weighing 290 pounds Hoffman decided that it was high time she takes control of her life and this led her to become a part of the show.

PhiXavier Holmes is a professional school counselor in Washington D.C. Holmes loves to invest herself in the lives of her students. However, food became her best friend after her father passed away. Weighing at 357 pounds Holmes hopes to shift towards a healthy living.

Kristi McCart is a law and estate planning, an attorney who hails from Riverview. Her unhealthy relationship with food started at a young age. As a child, McCart would often witness inconsistency as her parents were divorced. She would experience days when she stayed with her mother while others when she spent time with her father. Weighing at 264 pounds McCart is having difficulty getting pregnant. From joining this show, McCart hopes to make better life choices in the future.

Robert Richardson II works as a Territory Sales Manager for a tobacco company in Lafayette. Son of a former NFL player, Richardson always had dreams about joining the football team like his father. Unfortunately, his dreams were shattered once he suffered injuries due to his weight. Weighing at 409 pounds Richardson is trying to make exercise part of his everyday life.

Delores Tomorrow is the founder of a non-profit serving teen girls of color, and event planner who served on the advance team for former First Lady Michelle Obama. Tomorrow has always put off hitting the gym or following a healthy diet but weighing at 280 pounds she is ready to bring out the best in her and start losing weight.

Kyle Yeo lived most of his life as a closeted gay man so he relied on food to hide his feelings. Weighing 302 pounds Yeo now hopes to not let his weight define him. He decided to be part of the show so he can feel confident about his body.

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'The Biggest Loser': Meet all the contestants who are set to sail on a journey of transformation on the show - MEAWW

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How to live longer: Following this diet once a month could increase your life expectancy – Express

The secret to long life expectancy is to follow a healthy lifestyle - regularly exercising, limiting alcohol intake, not smoking and eating a healthy balanced diet. When it comes to eating a healthy diet, the NHS recommends eating at least five portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables every day, basing meals on higher fibre starchy foods like potatoes, bread, rice or pasta, having some dairy or dairy alternatives, some protein, choosing unsaturated oils and spreads, and eating them in small amounts, and drinking plenty of fluids. A new study also suggests a different approach to meal times and how it could impact on your health.

In the study with the National Institute of Ageing (NIA) and the National Institutes of Health, longer daily fasting times and how it could improve health and longevity was analysed. The study noted: Increasing time between meals made male mice healthier overall and live longer compared to mice who at more frequently. Scientists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Pennington Biomedical Research Centre, Baton Rouge, Louisiana , reports that health and longevity improved with increased fasting time, regardless of what the mice ate or how many calories they consumed.


NIA director, Dr Richard J. Hodes said: This study showed that mice who ate one meal per day and thus had the longest fasting period, seemed to have a longer lifespan and better outcomes for common age-related liver disease and metabolic disorders.

"These intriguing results in an animal model show that the interplay of total caloric intake and the length of feeding and fasting periods deserves a closer look.

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How to live longer: Following this diet once a month could increase your life expectancy - Express

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High blood pressure: Do this for 30 minutes in the morning to lower your reading – Express

High blood pressure happens when your blood pressure, which naturally naturally fluctuates throughout the day and night, is consistently too high. It means that your heart has to work harder to pump blood around your body - a mechanism that can lead to cardiovascular complications if steps are taken to lower your reading. Fortunately, making healthy lifestyle decisions can lower high blood pressure and ward off the threat of developing serious health conditions.

Exercising regularly is one key lifestyle measure proven to lower high blood pressure, as the Mayo Clinic explained: Regular physical activity makes your heart stronger. A stronger heart can pump more blood with less effort. If your heart can work less to pump, the force on your arteries decreases, lowering your blood pressure.

Crucially, as the health body points out, becoming more active can lower your systolic blood pressure the top number in a blood pressure reading by an average of four to nine millimetres of mercury (mm Hg).

That's as good as some blood pressure medications. For some people, getting some exercise is enough to reduce the need for blood pressure medication, noted the health site.

Blood pressure is measured using two numbers - the first number, called systolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart beats.

READ MORE:High blood pressure: Avoid eating these five foods to reduce risk of serious complications

The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart rests between beats.

According to Blood Pressure UK, systolic blood pressure is more important than diastolic blood pressure because it gives the best idea of your risk of having a stroke or heart attack.

Knowing where to begin with exercise can sometimes seem overwhelming but recent research suggests that doing a simple exercise every morning may provide blood pressure-lowering benefits.

The study, published in the journal Hypertension, found that just 30 minutes of exercise every morning may be as effective as medication at lowering blood pressure for the rest of the day.

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The study found that a short burst of treadmill walking each morning reduced high blood pressure, and that the effect was more pronounced in people that took additional short walks later in the day.

To gather the findings, 35 women and 32 men aged between 55 and 80 followed three different daily plans, in a random order, with at least six days between each one.

The first plan consisted of uninterrupted sitting for eight hours, while the second consisted of one hour of sitting before 30 minutes of walking on a treadmill at moderate intensity, followed by 6.5 hours of sitting down.

The final plan was one hour of sitting before 30 minutes of treadmill walking, followed by 6.5 hours of sitting, which was interrupted every 30 minutes with three minutes of walking at a light intensity.

Commenting on the findings, study author Michael Wheeler of the University of Western Australia in Perth, said: For both men and women, the magnitude of reduction in average systolic blood pressure following exercise and breaks in sitting approached what might be expected from anti-hypertensive medication in this population to reduce the risk of death from heart disease and stroke.

The study echoes extensive evidence that shows regular physical activity can help lower your blood pressure and help reduce your risk of heart attacks and strokes, said Chris Allen at the British Heart Foundation.

It can also give both your body and mind a boost, which is why 30 minutes of activity in the morning is a great way to set yourself up for the day, he said.

In addition to exercise, overhauling your diet is also essential to lowering high blood pressure and warding off the threat of developing deadly complications.

Eating too much salt, for example, can send your reading soaring so to keep the risks at bay, you should cut your salt intake to less than 6g (0.2oz) a day, which is about a teaspoonful, advises the NHS.

According to Mayo Clinic, upping your potassium intake can counter the negative effects of eating too much salt.

The best source of potassium is food, such as fruits and vegetables, rather than supplements, noted the health site.

It added: Eating a diet that is rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products and skimps on saturated fat and cholesterol can lower your blood pressure by up to 11 mm Hg if you have high blood pressure.

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High blood pressure: Do this for 30 minutes in the morning to lower your reading - Express

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NHS boost: Tories’ vow to add five years to life expectancy with huge 239m investment – Express

Mr Johnson has put the NHS at the heart of his election campaign with a promise of 50,000 more nurses when he presented theConservative Party'smanifesto to forge a new Britain.The Prime Minister has alsovowed to unleash innovation byinvesting in British science and research without the barrier of EU regulations after delivering Brexit on January 31. The pledge reads: We will invest in worldclasscomputing and health data systems that can aid research, such as thegroundbreakinggenetic sequencing carried out at the UK Biobank, Genomics England and the new Accelerating the Detection of Disease project, which has the potential to transform diagnosis and treatment.

The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy,businesses and charities are expected to together invest up to 160million, alongside a seperate 79millionGovernment injection, as part of the Acceleration Detection of Disease programme.

Minister of State for Universes, Science, Research and Innovation Chris Skidmore has explained to how this huge investment could affect Britons directly.

He said: When we looked at doing our research and development investments, we had the grand challenges that were set out, one of those was around healthy ageing.

We have a mission of giving five years of extra healthy life.

We have a mission of giving five years of extra healthy life

Chris Skidmore

With that, we looked at how we could provide AI and data more effectively to be able to deliver that.

Within that, the Accelerating Detection of Disease will help to identify diseases earlier.

Mr Skidmore went on to explain how the detection of cancer is at the centre of the plans.

He added: We will help people achieve that healthy lifestyle as well as increasing more positive outcomes for life expectancy.

There are a number of technologies where we want to focus, it sounds odd, but it was revealed by the UKSA how satellites can be used in monitoring cancer.

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One I want to highlight is actually on quantum technology, thats the huge win.

If we crack this one, which is around quantum imaging and scanning, then we would be in a place where, in 10 years time, you will be able to hold an iPad up to someones head and see through to their skull into the brain.

What Im trying to demonstrate is we are on the cusp of this technology, creating the diagnostic technologies beyond CT scanning, beyond MRI scanning, to creating 3D modelling and targeting drugs to use on tumours.

But the investment wont only focus on groundbreaking medicines and technologies.

Mr Skidmore detailed: There are these medicines that exist, I was health minister for a couple of weeks and got to see some of these.

We have a real opportunity to be able to invest and achieve this.

But also, Matt Hancock is a big believer in tech and AI, and an AI centre has been set up to look at patient care, that will be another thing.

If you are able to do the algorithm modelling and they can help put systems in to manage patient flows.

Its as much about people as it is about the medicine they will use.

The pioneering initiative will recruit up to five million healthy people whose data will help UK scientists to research, diagnose, prevent and treat diseases including cancer, dementia and heart disease.

Leader of the programme Professor John Bell previously said: The Accelerating Detection of Disease programme will put the UK at the forefront of global research into early diagnosis and help us shift the standard in healthcare forever.

We have a vision to live in a world where you prevent disease rather than treat it too late.

The ability to identify people at risk or suffering from early forms of disease with greater precision will have a profound impact on how we develop diagnostics and new ways to treat disease.

I am delighted that this challenge will bring together theNHS.

The programme is part of delivering the Governments AIand Data Grand Challenge missionto use data, artificial intelligence and innovation to transform the prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of chronic diseases by 2030.

One of the most exciting parts of the programme could be the ability to detect and prevent diseases such as dementia, which affects nearly one million people in the UK and their families.

There are over 200 subtypes of dementia, but the five most common are: Alzheimers disease, vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, frontotemporal dementia and mixed dementia.

Currently,dementia is only treatable after symptoms are detected.

Hilary Evans, Chief Executive of Alzheimers Research UK, said in July: Alzheimers Research UK is delighted to play a part in this landmark cohort and harness this incredible resource to make breakthroughs possible for people with dementia.

"Today,we diagnose dementia causing diseases after symptoms show, but to ensure people get the greatest benefit from future treatments, we must be able to diagnose them as soon as possible.

Alzheimers Research UK is working to revolutionise how diseases like Alzheimers are identified and uniting the best minds in digital data and technology to draw on the full potential of the Accelerating Detection of Disease cohort.

The NHS has been central to Labours election campaign thus far, and their manifesto has promised a 4.3 percent increase in the health budget over the next parliament.

The party is also promising free personal care in England for over-65s, in hope of keeping the strain from doctors and nurses, costing around 6billion a year.

The manifesto reads: A Labour Government will build a comprehensive National Care Service for England.

"We will provide community-based, person-centred support, underpinned by the principles of ethical care and independent living.

We will provide free personal care, beginning with investments to ensure that older people have their personal care needs met, with the ambition to extend this provision to all working-age adults.

We will develop eligibility criteria that ensures our service works for everyone, including people with complex conditions like dementia.

"We will ensure no one ever again needs to face catastrophic care costs of more than 100,000 for the care they need in old age, which we will underscore with a lifetime cap on personal contributions to care costs.

"We will also invest in other social care packages to reverse the damage done by Conservative cuts and provide additional care packages to support both older people and working-age adults living independently in their own homes.

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NHS boost: Tories' vow to add five years to life expectancy with huge 239m investment - Express

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‘I was tired, irritable and anxious’ – how to recognise a thyroid issue –

'I was tired, irritable and anxious' - how to recognise a thyroid issue

'Around 3pc to 5pc of the population will experience an issue with the thyroid, usually meaning that the hormone level has gone high or low," says Dr Carla Moran, consultant endocrinologist at the Beacon Hospital.

'Around 3pc to 5pc of the population will experience an issue with the thyroid, usually meaning that the hormone level has gone high or low," says Dr Carla Moran, consultant endocrinologist at the Beacon Hospital.

She's talking about the small butterfly-shaped gland at the front of the neck that secretes several hormones, collectively called thyroid hormones. The main hormone is thyroxine, also called T4, and these hormones act throughout the body, influencing metabolism, growth and development, and body temperature.

"Nodules within the gland is a separate problem and is even more common - that could be up to 50pc of the population, but 90pc of those are benign and most people don't even know they have them."

Low hormone levels indicate hypothyroidism. "That is where the gland isn't making enough hormone and we can pick that up quite easily through a blood test," says Dr Moran. "GPs would be very familiar with checking for that. The most common cause for hypothyroidism is an auto-immune condition called Hashimoto's thyroiditis, whereby the body has recognised part of the thyroid gland as a foreign object, and mounts an immune response to it that, in time, destroys the cells that make the thyroid hormone."

It's a condition that is more common in women, at a ratio of about 8:1, and can happen at any stage, but is more common in the 20s and 30s.

This can be detected by a simple blood test - "we pick up that thyroid hormone levels have gone low, and we can also often pick up a protein called thyroid auto anti-body, a tiny little protein that the body has made against part of the thyroid gland." The causes, she says, are unknown, "although it's probably a combination of genetics and an environmental trigger, sometimes related to stress, sometimes after pregnancy, sometimes after a viral infection."

The symptoms people describe when their hormone levels go low are a constellation, and include fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, hair loss, loss of hair at outer edge of eyebrows, constipation, and feeling cold.

"It's like your metabolism slows down," says Dr Moran. "And it's usually quite insidious. Often, it has been going on for quite a while before people realise they don't feel right. Hypothyroidism is easily picked up by a GP, and the patient will be put onto replacement thyroxine, taken daily. In most cases where the gland has failed, this is irreversible, so they stay on the replacement for life. But, it is very safe to take, doesn't have side effects if given in the right doses, is safe in pregnancy and safe for children. And it's effective - generally, patients feel much better."

Be warned though, ignoring symptoms is dangerous. Hormone levels will get lower and lower and, in really extreme circumstances, people can go into a coma, although "we hardly ever see that any more," says Dr Moran.

Then there's the opposite - hyperthyroidism - where the thyroid makes too much hormone. "This is less common than hypothyroidism, and can come on more suddenly. People will notice over the course of a few weeks to a month that everything speeds up. They lose weight, they feel too warm, they can feel tremulous, they can have palpitations - heart racing - they have poor sleep, they feel on edge and irritable. Sometimes the gland itself gets bigger - visible as a swelling in front part of the neck, a goitre."

The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease, named for the Irish doctor who first described it, where the body manufactures an anti-body directed against the thyroid gland that tells it to keep making thyroid hormone.

This too usually affects women, in theirs 20s, 30s and 40s, and can also be detected by a blood test. Here, patients need medication to lower their hormone levels: anti-thyroid drugs. "Usually, they will go on a course for about 18 months. Hormone levels will come down to normal within some weeks, but they need to stay on the drugs for about 18 months to make the condition go away. At that stage, about 50pc will have normal thyroid function into the future. The other 50pc, where the condition comes back - which usually happens within the first year - go back on the drugs but we would think about treatment that is more permanent, because it is likely to keep coming back through their lifetime. More permanent treatments are radioactive iodine, given as a pill, or surgery to remove the gland."

Dr Moran points out that, although iodine deficiency is the number one cause of an under-active thyroid gland globally, in countries like Ireland, it is very rare. "We get iodine from dairy products, and fish products. Most people meet their requirement through dairy." She also highlights that, "although I would recommend a healthy lifestyle, in terms of good diet and exercise, I wouldn't recommend supplements containing iodine, as some have too much. Too little iodine is bad but too much is also bad."

There is, she says, some controversy around hormone replacement. "Mostly, we use thyroxine which is pure T4, which is then converted in cells to T3, the active form of thyroid hormone. But the gland also makes a small amount of T3.

"The controversy is whether people should be replaced with both T4 and T3. A small number of patients who go onto T4 replacement therapy still report feeling very tired, and some of those have reported feeling better on thyroxine and T3 combined. However, T4 works for the vast majority of people.

"Before considering T3 in such a case, I would first make sure they are taking thyroxin correctly and are on the right dose. Then, look for other causes in case we had missed something, another auto-immune condition. Only then would I consider the addition of T3."

Case study: Gemma O'Halloran

Everything was going well," says 36-year-old Gemma O'Halloran. "I was enjoying my new home in Gorey, running my business and celebrating the arrival of my gorgeous new niece. With hindsight, I did feel a bit tired and listless in the weeks before the main symptoms showed themselves, but nothing out of the ordinary. A thyroid problem was the last thing on my mind, even when some hives - a previous health issue - reappeared."

Gemma continued on "until one day I was in the supermarket and I knelt down to get something from the lowest shelf. I found I couldn't get back up again. I was stuck and simply didn't have the strength to rise. I had to sit on the floor and get up one leg at a time."

Within days, Gemma visited her GP. By then, "my hands were shaking, I was short of breath, my heart felt like it was beating out of my chest, I had no strength in my legs, I had some difficulty swallowing. As I spoke to the GP, I started connecting other dots and knew that something was really wrong."

The GP immediately suspected a thyroid problem, and scheduled a blood test. "She specifically mentioned hyperthyroidism, an overactive thyroid, and if that was the case, I would need to see an endocrinologist."

"I immediately began researching," Gemma says with a laugh. "That's me, I'm an event manager, I like to get things done. There are times to be patient, and there are times to act." By the time her blood results came back - now clearly indicating that she needed urgent attention - Gemma had found Dr Moran at the Beacon Hospital, who carried out further blood tests and diagnosed Graves' disease.

Gemma's GP had already put her on medication to slow her heart-rate and stop the shaking of her hands - "it took me six attempts to get the tablet pack open that first day, because they trembled so much," she vividly recalls - and Dr Moran prescribed additional medication to bring her actual hormone levels down.

"It takes a while for the medication to kick in," Gemma says. "It takes weeks, not days. And in the meantime, I still had all these symptoms. As well as the physical symptoms including tiredness, weakness, hives, weight loss - I lost 9lb even though my appetite was massive - and an enlarged thyroid gland, or goitre that made swallowing difficult, I had emotional and cognitive symptoms too.

"Some of my key strengths are strategic thinking and planning. I found my thinking was a lot slower. I was forgetful. My concentration and focus were impacted too. Emotionally, I experienced anxiety brought on by the hormone imbalances, I felt irritable, and regularly had to take deep breaths to stay calm. I was still working, but I did scale it back for a while. Throughout all this I had amazing support from my family, friends, doctors, colleagues and clients and I thank all of them for it."

Gemma tried to be as present and pro-active in her own treatment as possible, engaging in the process alongside her doctors. Within three weeks, blood tests showed that her hormone levels were moving in the right direction, and by five weeks she was back in the normal range.

"Once that happened, the treatment changed and focused on maintaining the new levels and ensuring that hypothyroidism didn't develop.

"I have a blood test every few months, and that will continue for a couple of years, but I feel better now. It shows in every aspect of my life. My strength has returned, my brain is clear, my emotions are back on an even keel. I'm back to myself. The silver lining has been a new perspective, something I think anyone who has been ill and recovers, gains. I'm more aware now of the people in my life, what I mean to them and them to me, and that is something I'm very grateful for."

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