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Category : Vegetarianism

The delights of Sosmix and 20 breakfasts – The Guardian

Almost 40 years ago my parents, after staying with us for almost a week and, as I thought, enjoying eating our vegetarian food, started talking about the delicious meat pies my mother made. The next day I made a sausage-and-egg pie using Sosmix (Adrian Chiles, 20 May). My parents took home the packet of Sosmix, and continued to use it whenever they fancied some sausage meat. But it did not convert them to vegetarianism, as they usually had it with bacon and black pudding.Gillian PattonSunderland

Health workers do not give their lives as suggested in a headline in Saturdays paper (Those who gave their lives are remembered, 23 May). They are not crusaders or soldiers. They go to work in absurdly dangerous conditions. Some get sick and tragically die. Please stop making it sound as if they choose to die.Colleen DarbyManchester

Lord Clark of Windermere asks if others have seen an albino pheasant (Letters, 22 May). I have, on 12 November, in Dallam Park, near Milnthorpe. The same bird, maybe?Dr Val RobsonMilnthorpe, Cumbria

I played the tennis-ball-in-tights game (Letters, 22 May) in York in the 50s, using my mothers old stockings since tights were not yet available. It was a popular game for girls.Christine McElheran DipperHornsea, East Yorkshire

Who has ever paid 20 for breakfast (Hadley Freemans Weekend column, 23 May)? Ive rarely paid that for dinner (drinks not included).Leigh StensonEggleston, County Durham

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The delights of Sosmix and 20 breakfasts - The Guardian

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The perfect vegan sausages from a dry mix: what other meat-free joys of the 70s did I miss? – The Guardian

I stopped eating meat five and a half years ago after getting close to a lamb in Turkey. I only spent a few minutes with this lamb, whose name, translated, was Courage. But, as these were the closing minutes of the poor lambs life, the bond grew very strong, very quickly, before being severed by the knife of its killer. Perhaps, though, the bond is actually as strong as ever, given that I think about him most days.

Until that point in my life, I had been a voracious meat-eater. Most evenings, my dinner table resembled Fred Flintstones. I am no massive animal rights campaigner. I am quite happy to sit with people who are eating meat, neither do I mind cooking flesh for friends and family if thats what they want. I fear that makes me the Centrist Dad of vegetarianism. My logic is merely that, as I happen to be able to feed myself very well without any animals dying, I think it is the right thing to do.

My conversion seemed to coincide with the moment that plant-only eating passed the tipping point into the mainstream. It turned out that all manner of perfectly good meat substitutes were available in supermarkets, and the range has grown markedly since. All of which makes me feel a bit like a Leicester City fan who only started supporting the club the year they won the Premier League. Fans of other teams have a chant for people like that, to the tune of Bread of Heaven: Where were you when you were shit?

I would not blame veteran plant-eaters for chanting something similar at me: where were you when vegetarian food was shit? It doesnt scan as well, but it is a fair question. My answer is that I am beginning to wonder if missing out on the pre-Linda McCartney era was my loss. The more I taste of it, the more I like. A great example is something I had never heard of until last week: Sosmix. This miracle dry mixture is apparently something every 20th-century vegetarian was familiar with.

I was bought some last week, and Ive neither talked of, nor cooked, anything else since. What a miracle has unfolded before me. For the carnivores and fellow new plant-eaters among you, I should say it is a mix of dry ingredients roughly resembling fine muesli. You mix 160g of it with 250ml of water, leave it for five minutes, and then fashion it into sausages. It then says to cook them as normal but, disbelieving it could be this simple, I messed around wrapping them in foil and steaming them for an hour first. I had read somewhere this helps firm up homemade plant sausages. I have since found that even this isnt necessary with Sosmix.

Either way, as my daughters probably wouldnt say, the resulting bangers are banging. My favourites, until now, have been Plant Pioneers, Quorn or Linda McCartney. But from now on they are strangers to me, because these are right up there. So cheap, too! A kilo of Sosmix costs a tenner, which is enough to make more than 40 sausages. And oh the fun Ive had flavouring them! Dried mixed herbs worked well, as did my first attempt at a spicier sausage: chilli powder, paprika and cumin. This weekend, Im planning three new versions featuring sage and onion, smoked tomato and curry.

Unaccountably, Sosmix is quite hard to find. You can only buy it online, and it looks like the manufacturer has changed hands a few times, leading to some dark warnings about being sure to buy the original. It is well worth it. I have enough to keep us in vegan sausages until Christmas, when I hope Santa will bring me some more.

Adrian Chiles is a Guardian columnist

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The perfect vegan sausages from a dry mix: what other meat-free joys of the 70s did I miss? - The Guardian

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Vegan? Want To Try Indian Food? Here Are Your Choices | TheTravel – TheTravel

Indian food is a great cuisine to try if a vegan lifestyle is what you're after, and these dishes are robust in flavor after every delicious bite.

There are times where dinner is just so mouth-watering, its impossible to make the leftovers last until the next morning. For some, thats using some of the best hearty beef tacos from L.A's restaurants, and for others, its a light vegan homemade staple dish. Indian food has such a rich and historical story behind each dish and ingredient. In fact, Indian cuisine dates back eight thousand years and introduced diverse flavors into many parts of the world. The traditional Indian food is none other than rice, whole wheat flour, various types of lentils, and pearl millet. However, many spices also originated from Indian territories.

Vegetarianism is a very common dietary lifestyle in India. Many practice vegetarianism as part of their Hinduism practice, although Hinduism does not require their practitioners to be vegetarians. However, it is said that both, Indians practicing Hinduism or other forms of religion follow a vegetarian and vegan diet as it purifies the body, mind, and environment, also known as their Dosha. Though fast-food restaurants can be found in India, many choose to live a healthier and cleaner lifestyle.

While Indian cuisine is not for everyone due to their strong spice flavors like curry and ginger, Indian recipes are a major hit around the world and many dishes can be found on the trendy list. Its predicted that cauliflower will be another huge hit in 2020, thus allowing Indian restaurateurs and households to produce vegan alternatives to their dishes and replacing chicken, beef, and lamb as their main ingredient. Restaurants in Vancouver are mainly using cauliflower due to its ability to soak up any flavor you choose to cook with it, while remaining firm, crunchy with a soft interior.

In many Indian restaurants and for locals who cook at home, a Vindaloo Curry is the spiciest thing on the menu. It originates from a traditional Portuguese dish thats simmered with garlic and wine. However, the Indian version commonly churned with fresh ginger, a ton of flavourful spices, and vinegar to replace the Portuguese wine.

This vegan vegetable-based curry can range in heat according to preference. A Vindaloo Curry can be cooked with chicken cubes or lamb, but this dish is preferred using cauliflowers and chickpeas and topped with orange slices, and colorful vegetables to create an indescribable combination of flavors. It is often served with fresh exotic fruits that are locally grown and sourced, and travelers can often find them at the open markets.

This flaming dish is an excellent dinner recipe on a cold and rainy evening. Curl up with a knitted blanket and a giant bowl of steamed basmati rice with a generous, heaping scoop of some veggie Vindaloo Curry and toasted garlic flatbread to get every inch of sauce.

Related: Vancouver, New York, And Other Major Cities With The Best Indian Restaurants (According To Stars)

Often mistaken for butter chicken, tikka masala offers a unique blend of ingredients. Tikka Masala is made with a tomato and cream sauce spiced with an incredible mix of Indian spices. Using chickpea as its main ingredient, a vegan Tikka Masala has an earthy taste.

Tikka Masala was created by a Bangladeshi chef in the 1970s. However, unlike what many believe, Tikka Masala originates from Glasgow, Scotland,and not India or Bangladesh. The words Tikka Masala translates to a yogurt-based marinade. Whether youre eating a giant bowl for comfort as a midnight snack, rest assured a tikka masala is extremely good for your health, regardless of whether it contains chicken or chickpeas. Putting aside the brownish-orange color of this dish, the spices that make this delicious dish will also help you prevent a variety of diseases including cancerous diseases. Luckily this dish can also be prepared in advance and stored or slow-cooked to perfection for a perfectly home-cooked meal.

Related: These Indian Dishes Aren't Curry But Are Still Delicious

If there are two culinary words that make me feel at home its potatoes and dumplings. The kofta is a Middle Eastern dish that was introduced into Balkan and Central Asian dishes. Potato Malai Kofta can also be found relaxing in a bowl of homemade tomato-cream chutney and topped with sauteed spinach, drizzled with coconut milk for additional color. Cashews are also blended to make a thick rich cream base and also add a great amount of protein.

Traditionally, this savory dish is made of cheese meatball dumplings and served with basmati rice or Naan bread. However, to create a vegan delicacy, the dumplings are replaced with fried Yukon Gold potatoes. Best of all, for all those obsessed with meal prepping, these fried balls of goodness can be made ahead and stored, with the sauce safely in a sealed jar on the side.

Related: 10 Of The Best Indian Foods You Need To Try

The best way to detox your body is to do it the proper way with the right ingredients. Kitcharis are made of a mixture of two grains which allows this dish to be nourishing to the body and easy to digest. It is also said that this dish can cleanse the body and activate the de-aging cells in the body. It is composed of mung dal and basmati rice. Most importantly, this dish is made using only one pot which is great for a quick recipe. Adding vegetables, spices, and techniques, its very easy to create a traditional meal.

Kitchari is also known as The Chicken Soup of Ayurveda, this yellow dish is a mouth-watering stew to feed your soul. The ingredients also act as a total body repair, attacking each part of the body to fuse, cleanse, and calm.

This recipe also changes based on your dosha. There are three different doshas which come from your five different elements or also known as mind, body, and environment. Your dosha is a reflection on your past and present, always asking how you slept, how you ate, how you digested, and most importantly, how you deal under stress.

The lentil doughnut, also known as the Medu Vada, has a long and historical background, however, its always kept its identity as a South Indian fritter made with black lentils then deep-fried. The exterior should be crispy and crunchy, while the interior is soft and light. Served as a breakfast or heavier snack, the Medu Vada is a household staple but most of all, family favorite. Traced back to its originating town of Maddur which is now known as Karnataka, it is now a restaurateurs favorite in Mumbai.

Luckily, this donut-shaped doughnut is easy to make. For starters, black lentils are soaked for many hours. Using a grounder, it is then turned into a thick black paste and seasoned with many local favorites like fenugreek, cumin, black pepper, ginger, curry leaves, hot chilies, and coconut chunks. After it is patted into cute donut shapes, its fried until its golden brown. Once ready, it is then served hot with coconut chutney or yogurt.

Next:10 Fast Food Restaurants With Great Vegan Options

These Are The Worlds Most Vegetarian-Friendly Cuisines

Hi, I'm Vanessa!Real estate agent by day, travel writer by night, traveller by weekend.Marine life and coral reef obsessed, so much so, I tattooed an entire ecosystem!Happy reading

Vegan? Want To Try Indian Food? Here Are Your Choices | TheTravel - TheTravel

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What Happens To Your Body And Brain When You Go Vegan Or Vegetarian – HuffPost

Vegetarian and vegan diets are nothing new, but now that were facing meat shortages and COVID-19 is shining a bright light on the flaws and troubles of our nations commercial meat supply chain, more and more people are eating less meat these days, or at least thinking about it.

Many are ditching meat with other ethical, environmental and health reasons in mind, too. Meatless diets have been associated with increased nutrient intake and lower risk of some chronic diseases. And meat production particularly beef production isnt doing any favors for the health of our planet. Greenhouse gas emissions from animal-based agriculture are actually so sizable that a report from the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change last year recommended reducing meat consumption in order to adapt to climate change.

But how exactly does a meat-free diet affect your body? We reached out to some experts to find out what happens when you adopt a plant-based diet so you can decide if its the right choice for you.

Before we get into that, an important note: When we say a vegetarian diet, were referring to a diet thats free of any meat and fish. But vegetarianism has many variations some people still eat dairy and eggs (lacto-ovo vegetarians), some allow eggs but no dairy (ovo-vegetarians), and some allow fish and sometimes dairy and eggs (pescatarian). Vegan diets dont include any of those items.

Heres what you can expect when you go on a plant-based diet:

Your bowel habits will probably change.

Eating more plant-based foods like vegetables, beans and whole grains increases your fiber intake. This will help prevent constipation, improve bowel function and probably result in more regular bowel habits.

Bowel regularity is beneficial for overall health and well-being, said Colleen Chiariello, a registered dietitian and chief clinical dietitian at Northwell Healths Syosset Hospital.

At the same time, you may become more bloated than usual, especially if youve recently upped your intake of vegetables or if youre consistently filling up on brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage and other vegetables that are known to produce excess gas.

When switching to a vegetarian diet, Chiariello advised incorporating a range of fruits and vegetables, not just the same ones. Staying hydrated is important too, as drinking more fluids can minimize gas from certain fruits and vegetables.

Keep in mind that if the gas is minimal, you probably dont need to worry too much. A little bit of gas is worth the benefit of colon health, Chiariello said.

Youll probably be consuming more nutrients.

When you stop eating meat and switch to a vegan or vegetarian diet, you may be eating a lot more nutrient-rich foods.

This increases the intake of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber in the diet, said Kim Rose, a registered dietitian based in Florida. Fiber is not only an important part of a healthy digestive system; it has the potential to improve cholesterol, make you feel full for a longer period of time, give the body energy, and assist in the prevention of constipation and diarrhea.

Alexander Spatari via Getty Images

Unhealthy eating behaviors can develop if youre not mindful of them.

A plant-focused diet has many potential benefits, but its not necessarily healthier than a non-vegetarian or non-vegan diet especially if youre eating a ton of processed foods.

It really all depends on the foods chosen and the individual nutrition needs of the person who is going vegetarian, said Emily Hamm, a registered dietitian at Northside Hospital in Atlanta. Research shows that there are multiple health benefits to going vegetarian if the vegetarian diet is rich in plant-based whole foods rather than just the reduction or absence of animal-based foods.

Tim Radak, a registered dietitian in North Carolina, recommended carefully planning any dietary change in order to avoid nutritional deficiencies and other negative effects.

For example, a soda and cheese pizza are vegetarian, but certainly do not promote health, he said.

For some people, a diet thats restrictive in any way can be hard to maintain and can even be associated with disordered eating patterns.

Consider the reason is it for ethical reasons like animal rights? Or is it because you feel it will be a healthier lifestyle? said Rachel Fine, a registered dietitian in New York.

Instead of fully avoiding any one type of food, she recommended making decisions and choices based on how certain foods make you feel physically, emotionally and ethically.

You probably wont have any trouble getting enough protein.

Many people fear plant-based diets, thinking they wont be able to get enough protein without meat. But the truth is, lots of these foods are high in protein. Its good to be mindful of protein intake, but you probably wont struggle to consume enough protein if youre being mindful.

A variety of nuts and seeds such as pistachios and quinoa, beans and peas, and soy-based products such as tofu and tempeh, are good sources of protein that also contain an array of vitamins and minerals that will properly nourish, Rose said.

But there is a caveat here: Youll want to pay attention to the source of the protein you reach for since many of the meat-replacement products some vegetarians rely on are heavily processed and can be high in sodium.

monkeybusinessimages via Getty Images

You may need to take dietary supplements.

While you might consume a lot more nutrients than usual after transitioning to a vegetarian diet, you still may need to take dietary supplements to avoid certain nutrient deficiencies.

Many vegetarians or vegans take supplements for vitamin B12, which is available mostly in animal products and only in a small number of plant-based foods. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause fatigue, weakness, neurological disorders and other problems. Other supplements common among vegetarians or vegans are iron, vitamin D and calcium. But this all depends on your individual body and diet.

Check with your dietitian and health care provider if you are concerned about your vitamin or mineral status and tell your health care providers if you follow any dietary restrictions, Hamm said. Lab work and a nutrition-focused physical assessment will reveal if there are deficiencies.

Your heart health may improve.

Much of the fiber found in produce is soluble, which has been shown to improve cholesterol, Fine said. Soluble fiber dissolves in water and binds with cholesterol in the small intestine so that the cholesterol leaves the body through your feces rather than being absorbed into your bloodstream, where it can contribute to plaque build-up in the arteries.

A lot of foods consumed in a plant-focused diet are beneficial to heart health, too. Fine pointed out that flax seeds and canola oil are good sources of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties. And olive oil, avocado, almonds, peanuts and other nuts are good sources of healthy fats that protect your heart.

You may have a reduced risk of cancer.

Plant-based foods contain phytochemicals naturally occurring chemical compounds that not only contribute to the color, taste and smell of plants but also protect human health and help our bodies fight off disease. Some research shows that these phytochemicals may protect against certain types of cancer.

The bottom line: A vegetarian diet can have a lot of positive benefits to your overall health, especially if youre loading up on nutrient-dense, plant-based, whole foods. But it all depends on what youre eating swapping meat with highly processed food isnt the best option. Take some time to examine if its best for you, and if youre ever unsure, you should always chat with your doctor.

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What Happens To Your Body And Brain When You Go Vegan Or Vegetarian - HuffPost

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10 hidden health benefits of eggs you should know – IOL

By Lifestyle Reporter 3h ago

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There are many health benefits to eating eggs. Eggs are a very good source of inexpensive, high-quality protein. More than half the protein of an egg is found in the egg white, which also includes vitamin B2 and lower amounts of fat than the yolk.

Take a look at some the reasons you should be eating more eggs in your diet.

Eggs help the immune system

Fighting like soldiers on a battlefield, our immune system is the bodys defence against invading viruses, bacteria, and other illness-causing pathogens. Eggs are high in vitamin A and selenium, important nutrients for normal immune function.

Good for the eyes

Egg yolks are good for the eyes as this is the part of the egg that has lutein and zeaxanthin. These nutrients have been shown to lower the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in older people.

Eggs are good for the heart

While eggs do contain cholesterol, eating eggs will not necessarily raise your cholesterol. Compared to non-egg eaters, those who eat eggs daily have a lower risk of heart disease and stroke, and also a lower risk of dying from these conditions, too.

Eggs are good for muscle building

When combined with resistance (weight) training, protein provides the building blocks for muscle building and repair. Eggs are a source of high-quality protein: one large egg contains 7g of protein. In fact, eating whole eggs immediately after resistance exercise results in better muscle building than if just eating the egg white.

Eat the whole egg, not just the white

While the egg white contains protein, selenium and the B-vitamin riboflavin, there is a lot of nutrition in the egg yolk. The egg yolk contains heart healthy fats (monounsaturated fats) and half of the protein of the whole egg. If you avoid eating the egg yolk, youre missing out on vitamin D and iron, too.

Eggs help vegetarians meet their nutrient needs

Plant-based eating like vegetarianism is on the rise. Vegetarians are encouraged to supplement their diets with vitamin B12. One large egg contains almost 44 percent of our B12 needs and is high in protein to meet these nutrient needs.

Good to eat during pregnancy.

A vital nutrient for pregnant women is choline, which plays a key role in the development of a babys brain and nervous system. Eggs contain choline, making eggs a good choice as part of a healthy diet during pregnancy.

Eggs are versatile and store well.

Scrambled for breakfast, quiche for lunch, frittata for dinner or boiled as snack, eggs can be eaten at any time of the day and in so many forms. Eggs also store well in our pantries or fridges.

Eggs are good because theyre a cost-effective food.

Compared to other protein sources like meat, chicken and fish, eggs are relatively well-priced and offer an affordable source of protein.

Eggs are good to eat every day.

The Department of Healths dietary guidelines for South Africans support that we can eat eggs every day in moderation.

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Does meat-consumption affect mental health? What you need to know – Insider – INSIDER

A new, polarizing study of diet and mental health suggests there may be a link between eating meat and psychological wellbeing.

Previous research shows an association between vegetarianism and a higher risk of depression and anxiety, according to the study, a systemic review of 18 other studies on meat consumption and mental health, published April 20 in Critical Reviews of Food Science and Nutrition.

A team of researchers from the Department of Psychology at the University of Southern Indiana found that 11 of the papers suggested meat eaters had better psychological health than vegetarians. Of the remaining 7 studies, three showed that vegetarians had better mood or mental health symptoms than meat eaters, and the other four had mixed results.

The researchers concluded that there is "clear evidence that meat-abstention is associated with higher rates or risk of depression, anxiety, and self-harm."

However, it's not so clear-cut.

Dr. Edward Archer, a co-author of the study and chief science officer for the data analytics firm Evoving FX, told Insider that the research does not show that meat can improve mental health, or that avoiding it can cause mental health issues.

"We were very careful to say no causal inference should be made.We offered lots of information for both sides of the debate," he said in an interview. "We cannot say that meat-free diets cause mental illness. What we did find is that the research doesn't supportthe idea that eliminating meat can improve mental health."

But that nuance got lost as the study was shared widely online.

Crystal Cox/Business Insider

Several media publications reported the research as showing that meat improves mental health outcomes.

Archer said that's not an accurate portrayal of the study.

"That's patently false, you can't make that statement. We did not claim that," he said.

Epidemiologist Gideon Meyerowitz-Katz noted on Twitter that the research shows that there may be a relationship between vegetarian and depression and/or anxiety, but it doesn't prove that eating a meat-free diet causes those issues.

In fact, one of the main studies included in the analysis found that some of the vegetarians had started a meat-free diet after being diagnosed with depression.

Archer said there could be many factors to explain the link the study found between mental health and vegetarianism. A few possible explanations could that people try vegetarian diets to address existing health issues, or that people who are sensitive to ethical issues may be more likely to be both depressed and vegetarian.

"What we've shown clearly is that there's some relationship.There's a million ways of looking at this individuals who are suffering from depression and anxiety will treat themselves with changes in dietary patterns," Archer said. "Or,individuals who are very sensitive to the suffering of others may take and ethical stance, and if you look at the amount of suffering, those people may become depressed and anxious because of that."

What the researchers actually conclude is that a vegetarian diet probably doesn't make depression or anxiety any better.

"Our study does not support meat avoidance as a strategy to benefit psychological health," the authors wrote.

An important take away, though, is that diet and psychological health are clearly related, according to Dr. Wendy Bazilian, a registered dietitian with a doctorate in public health. This kind of research can help us better understand that relationship, and make choices according to our unique circumstances and preferences, she said.

"I think there is some strength to what the study suggests that we need to look at that, whether you're a meat eater or not, maybe there isn't a one-size-fits-all," Bazilian told Insider. "I think some next steps are to make sure we're looking at nutrients that may be of concern to mental health, and checking in with mental health of our patients regardless of what diet they follow."

Crystal Cox/Business Insider

Meyerowitz-Katz also notes a glaring issue with the study: that it's funded by the meat industry.

The paper states it was "funded in part via an unrestricted research grant from the Beef Checkoff, through the National Cattlemen's Beef Association."

A Facebook post from the University of Southern Indiana notes that the study's lead author, assistant professor of psychologyUrska Dobersek, receiveda $10,555 grant from the National Cattlemen's Beef Association "to conduct a systematic review on 'Beef for a Happier and Healthier Life.'"

Archer, who said he was not involved in that grant for the study, said the funding was primarily used to pay student researchers, and that it did not influence the design or analyse of the research. He added that all of the studies his team reviewed were funded by public health, not industry organizations.

"I think it's a legitimate point to look at the funders, but you have to make that next step to see if something was done wrong and if funders caused that," he said.

Bazilian agreed that it's not uncommon for industry funding to be involved in nutritional studies. While it's important to be aware of, it doesn't necessarily mean the research is flawed, particularly if the funding is transparent.

"Funding is a slippery slope and you definitely have to pay attention. Industries that have a vested interest want to know what the research says," she said. "It's important to important to know thatand look beyond one study, even a review. Idon't think that any one study is ever going to be the bottom line on a topic."

The statistic, which led most of the media coverage, that "one in three vegetarians is depressed" is taken from just one of the studies in the analysis, a 1998-99 survey that included just a small percentage of vegetarians.

A small sample size can make the results of the study less certain. As the researchers noted in their report, the studies included in their analysis vary widely in how they were conducted, how the conclusions were made, and how strong the evidence was to support those conclusions.

Archer has previously written extensively about the limits of nutritional research, and so cautioned against drawing hard conclusions about health based only on studies of diet.

"There are many other factors and components to health than what you eat," he said. Archer said that as a result, it's important to consider the information, but also take it (and other nutritional research) with a grain of salt.

"The things we can say are to eat a varied diet, enjoy it, exercise, and repeat daily, I think that's the most important point," he said.

Read more:

Why vegans and meat-eaters can't stop trolling each other

Author of 'dietary guidelines' encouraging people to keep eating red meat received industry funding

Vegans are holding sit-ins at Starbucks because dairy-free drinks cost more

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Does meat-consumption affect mental health? What you need to know - Insider - INSIDER

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Take plant-based eating to the bank – MoneySense

Photo by Hermes Rivera on Unsplash

Until a few months ago, my husband was a committed carnivore. He loved his bacon and steak, and that love was intense and unapologetic. As far as he was concerned, one dinner without meat was one too many. Then, we happened to watch the popular Netflix documentary Game Changers. For him, it truly was game-changing, bringing to light what his precious carne was doing to his health and the environment.

My 11-year-old did not share my husbands affinity for meat. In fact, he seldom differentiated one animal from the next, complaining that we were having chicken again, when I was serving pork or beef. Of course, he had his own addictionsburgers and pepperoni pizza. Like many kids on the autism spectrum, hes a highly selective eater with definite aversions. He rarely tries anything new and will, sometimes without rhyme or reason, reject foods he once enjoyed.

So when I suggested that we give vegetarianism a shot, I was astonished when both of the men in my life agreed. (Veganism, we all felt, was a step too far. Dairy and eggs had to stay.) Even so, I expected our New Years resolution to last a week, tops. But months later, were holding strong.

The learning curve was particularly steep for me as Head Chef in our household, since I could no longer fall back on my usual meat and potatoes repertoire. In half a year, my son has tried Brussels sprouts, kale chips, not-from-a-box pasta, leeks and more. He has opened both his mind and tastebuds in a way that I never could have anticipated. Thats not to say he likes everything he trieslentils remain disgustingbut, overall, its a massive win.

There have been other wins, too. I didnt expect that our newfound vegetarianism would last, let alone that it would be a saving grace during COVID-19. When this ugly virus reared its head several weeks ago, I found an unexpected silver lining to our plant-based diet: Its a money-saver.

Meat is expensive. Last year we were averaging a weekly shop of $200, of which roughly $50 to $70 was spent on meat. Thats 25% to 35% of our total food expenditure, totalling $200 to 280 per monthor $2,400 to $3,360 per year!

I didnt realize just how much we were saving until I swapped a freezer full of meat for a larder full of canned beans and legumes. Home economist and food writer Mairlyn Smith believes there is room on our plates for all foods, and vegetarian eating doesnt need to be an all-or-nothing proposition. Smith is a big advocate of adding pulses to recipes in order to stretch your food dollar. Use half the beef and add lentils to your [pasta sauce]. Add chickpeas to a chicken curry. Add red lentils to a chicken soup. By slowly adding pulses to your diet, you wont surprise your colon, Smith says, referring to gassinessthe unwelcome side effect of pulses that routinely makes my 11-year-old giggle.

Research suggests that a staggering 50% of all food produced in this country is wasted, at a cost of $1,700 per household. Smith urges Canadians to reduce such waste by planning meals based on what you have on hand. Staples like rice, quinoa, noodles, couscous and pasta can be bought in bulk and have a generous shelf life. My family was unanimous in our dislike of tofu, which is fortunate since soy-based meat substitutes, like Beyond Meat, can be priceysometimes even more so than actual meat.

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Take plant-based eating to the bank - MoneySense

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New psychology research finds meat eaters tend to have better mental health than vegetarians – PsyPost

People who avoid meat consumption tend to have worse psychological health than those who eat meat, according to new research published in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. The study, which did not draw any conclusions about causation, found that vegetarians/vegans were at a greater risk of depression, anxiety, and self-harm.

Dietary choices have been a powerful indicator of social class and subsequent mate selection (e.g., whom we marry) since antiquity. Consequently, what we eat and how we eat are integral parts of our identity and directly influence our health via physiological, social, and psychological pathways, explained study author Urska Dobersek, an assistant professor at the University of Southern Indiana.

Therefore, given the dramatic surge in veganism and mental illness over the past two decades, a rigorous systematic review was a necessary first step in examining the relations between meat and mental health.

The researchers reviewed 18 previous studies on the relationship between meat consumption and psychological health (which was narrowed down to depression, anxiety, deliberate self-harm, stress perception, and quality of life.) The studies included 149,559 meat-consumers and 8,584 meat-abstainers from Europe, Asia, North America, and Oceania.

Vegetarian can be a fuzzy term. To avoid confusion, the researchers only examined studies that provided a clear distinction between meat eaters and those who abstained from meat.

The researchers found clear evidence that those who abstained from consuming meat tended to have higher rates or risk of depression, anxiety, and self-harm compared to those who did not. Less clear was how meat consumption was related to stress perception and quality of life.

My co-authors and I were truly surprised at how consistent the relation between meat-avoidance and the increased prevalence of mental illness was across populations. As we stated in our conclusion, Our study does not support meat avoidance as a strategy to benefit psychological health, Dobersek told PsyPost.

But the causal relationship between avoidance of meat and psychological health is still unclear. Of the 18 reviewed studies, 16 used a cross-sectional design.

The two studies that provided some evidence of causality had mixed results. A randomized controlled trial found that vegetarians reported significantly better mood than omnivores and fish eaters after the trial, but a longitudinal study found a vegetarian diet was predictive of depression and anxiety.

Correlation does not imply a causal relation and we present several explanations for our results. For example, individuals struggling with mental illness may alter their diets as a form of self-treatment; vegan and strict vegetarian diets may lead to nutrient deficiencies that increase the risk of mental illness; many individuals with eating disorders use veganism and vegetarianism as a cover to hide their illness; and individuals who are extremely sensitive to or focused on the suffering of animals may become both vegetarian and depressed/anxious as a result, Dobersek explained.

There are two major questions that need to be addressed. First, why do most vegans and vegetarians return to eating meat? Is it a biological drive to overcome nutrient deficiencies or are the perceived benefits overwhelmed by the social stigma of non-Western dietary patterns? Or perhaps, is it that the novelty and attention lose their effect over time while the effort required to maintain a vegan and vegetarian lifestyle remains the same. Second, what is the temporal pattern of the relation? In other words, does the shift in diet occur before or after the psychological issues are manifest?

Dobersek and her colleagues decided to conduct a systematic review because the research on meat-abstention had become increasingly contradictory

The average person does not have the requisite knowledge and training to place the results from a single research project into the larger body of scientific and historical knowledge. I think this reality drives the diet-wars and ubiquitous false-facts about nutrition, Dobersek said.

Our study provides further evidence that because humans are omnivores, it is illogical and potentially unhealthy to recommend eating a varied diet followed by a long list of foods, beverages, and nutrients to avoid (e.g., meat, eggs, sugar, salt, fat, fruit juices, cholesterol, etc.). This is especially true, as my co-authors demonstrated, when the proscriptions and recommendations are based on a fictional discourse on diet-disease relations.'

The study, Meat and mental health: a systematic review of meat abstention and depression, anxiety, and related phenomena, was authored by Urska Dobersek, Gabrielle Wy, Joshua Adkins, Sydney Altmeyer, Kaitlin Krout, Carl J. Lavie, and Edward Archer.

(Image by Sasin Tipchai from Pixabay)

New psychology research finds meat eaters tend to have better mental health than vegetarians - PsyPost

Recommendation and review posted by Alexandra Lee Anderson

Outlook on the Worldwide Plant-Based Food & Beverage Industry to 2025 – COVID-19 Impact, Competition and Forecast – -…

DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market - Analysis By Product Type, Source Type, By Region, By Country (2020 Edition): Market Insight, COVID-19 Impact, Competition and Forecast (2020-2025)" report has been added to's offering.

The Plant-Based Food & Beverage market was valued at USD 42258.97 million in the year 2019.

Over the recent years, the Plant-Based Food & Beverage market has been witnessing considerable growth driven by growing urbanization, promptly improving healthcare services, growing vegan populace globally and increasing awareness about environmental crisis. Presence of various kind of plant-based food and beverage and flavors in the market is also one of the major factors fueling the market globally. The ever-rising vegan population where consumers are turning vegan and embracing vegetarianism as their lifestyle will also result in increase in market for plant-based food & beverages market during the forecast period. However, the impact of COVID-19 pandemic will have a visible impact on the plant based food and beverage market in the year 2020.

Among the Product type in the Plant-Based Food & Beverage industry (Plant-Based Meat & Plant-Based Dairy), the Plant-Based Meat Products are estimated to account for the largest share over the forecast period. Major factor which will drive the market for Plant-Based Meat products is the shifting of red-meat consumers towards plant-based meat which are cruelty-free and does not impact the environment.

The Asia-Pacific Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market will continue to be the largest market throughout the forecast period, majorly driven by large consumer base which are vegan and vegetarian in the region. Countries such as India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Brazil are a lucrative market for Plant-Based Food & Beverage.

Companies Mentioned

Scope of the Report

Key Topics Covered:

1. Report Scope and Methodology

1.1 Scope of the Report

1.2 Research Methodology

1.3 Executive Summary

2. Strategic Recommendations

2.1 Advertise & Educate the Consumer About Plant-Based Products

3. Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market: Product Outlook

4. Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market: Sizing and Forecast

4.1 Market Size, By Value, Year 2015-2025

5. Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market Segmentation By Product Type

5.1 Competitive Scenario of Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market - By Product Type

5.2 Plant-Based Meat- Market Size and Forecast (2020-2025)

5.3 Plant-Based Dairy- Market Size and Forecast (2020-2025)

6. Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market Segmentation By Source Type

6.1 Competitive Scenario of Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market- By Source Type

6.2 Wheat- Market Size and Forecast (2020-2025)

6.3 Soy- Market Size and Forecast (2020-2025)

6.4 Almond- Market Size and Forecast (2020-2025)

6.5 Others- Market Size and Forecast (2020-2025)

7. Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market: Regional Analysis

7.1 Competitive Scenario of Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage: By Region

8. North America Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market: Segmentation By Product Type, Source Type (2020-2025)

9. Europe Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market: Segmentation By Product Type, Source Type (2020-2025)

10. APAC Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market: Segmentation By Product Type, Source Type (2020-2025)

11. Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market Dynamics

11.1 Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market Drivers

11.2 Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market Restraints

11.3 Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market Trends

12. Market Attractiveness

12.1 Market Attractiveness Chart of Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market - By Product Type (Year 2025)

12.2 Market Attractiveness Chart of Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market - By Source Type (Year 2025)

12.3 Market Attractiveness Chart of Global Plant-Based Food & Beverage Market - By Region, By Value, (Year-2025)

13. Competitive Landscape

13.1 Market Share Analysis - Global Market

13.2 Market Share Analysis - North America, Western Europe

13.3 Market Share Analysis - United States, China

13.4 Market Share Analysis - Asia Pacific

14. Company Profiles

For more information about this report visit

Outlook on the Worldwide Plant-Based Food & Beverage Industry to 2025 - COVID-19 Impact, Competition and Forecast - -...

Recommendation and review posted by Alexandra Lee Anderson

This is really why most people go vegetarian – Ladders

Vegetarianism has become more and more popular in recent years. But, why are so many people making the switch and avoiding burgers, chicken, and pork? If you asked a long-time vegetarian why they originally adopted such a lifestyle, the most common answers youll hear would be related to concern for the environment and climate change, animal rights, or just looking after ones health.

What about non-vegetarians, though? Researchers from the University of California, Davis set out to uncover what motivates most meat-eaters to put the steak knife down. Somewhat surprisingly, they found that individual health is by far the main motivator for people to try out a vegetarian lifestyle.

A stereotype has emerged over the past ten years or so of vegetarians and vegans being particularly judgmental of carnivores, but these findings dont back up that depiction. Reasons connected to animal rights or the environment werent nearly as common among surveyed study participants.

In all, 8,000 people were surveyed for this research across both the United States and Holland. Various age groups and ethnicities were represented as well.

Of course, these results shouldnt be totally shocking. There are tons of recent studies that have linked meat consumption, particularly red meat, to an increased risk of many health problems. Cardiovascular issues, like a predisposition towards a heart attack or stroke, are especially connected to meat-eating.

So, most people switch to vegetarianism for their health. Okay, but what keeps people committed to these diets? Heres where the study starts to become a paradox.

While more people try out being vegetarian for their health, those who are motivated by ethical reasons (animals, climate change) tend to be much more committed to a vegetarian diet. Just like any other diet, it seems many people just cant resist the occasional cheeseburger or chicken parm hero.

The most common reason people say they would consider being vegetarian has to do with health However, people driven primarily by health motives may be least likely to respond to vegetarian advocacy, in general, says study co-author Christopher J. Hopwood, professor of psychology, in a university release.

Professor Hopwood goes on to ponder what these findings mean for vegetarian advocacy groups and advertising campaigns. Should they be emphasizing the health benefits of avoiding meat, or focusing more on the good it will do for the planet and animals? A health-minded campaign may encourage more people to try vegetarianism, but messaging centered on the ethics of the movement will likely result in more life-long vegetarians.

The studys authors suggest a combination of campaigns that target different beliefs among different people. The surveys also noted that most people who cited health as their primary reason associated going vegetarian as a way to achieve a more conventionally attractive body. Conversely, those who went vegetarian due to their beliefs were observed to be more artistic, open to new experiences, curious, and likely to volunteer for causes close to their heart. With these findings in mind, vegetarian advocacy groups may want to advertise health benefits at gyms, while emphasizing the ethical benefits of vegetarianism at concerts or museums.

The same idea can be applied to online awareness measures as well; fitness messaging for people who showed an interest in exercise and ethics-based campaigns for people who showed an interest in the arts, stopping climate change, etc.

These findings just go to show that its never a good idea to lump an entire group of people together and assume they all think alike. Its clear that vegetarians vary in their personal beliefs and reasons for avoiding meat.

The full study can be found here, published in PLOS ONE.

Read the original here:
This is really why most people go vegetarian - Ladders

Recommendation and review posted by Alexandra Lee Anderson

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