Living With IBS: Diet, Exercise and Symptom Management Tips – LIVESTRONG.COM

Irritable bowel syndrome looks different for everyone, but there are science-backed remedies that can ease symptoms.

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There's a chronic, mysterious condition that affects up to 45 million people in the U.S., but no one knows what causes it. What's more, the disorder looks a bit different in each person, which makes it tricky to diagnose and treat.

Kind of sounds like something out of a science fiction novel, doesn't it?

But the condition is the very real irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a somewhat baffling disorder marked by a host of uncomfortable GI symptoms.

Here, we'll break down what we know about IBS, from how it's connected to anxiety and weight to research-backed remedies that can help relieve symptoms.

Irritable bowel syndrome symptoms can range from annoying to downright debilitating.

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IBS is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder that affects the intestines. The most common symptoms include bloating, cramping, abdominal pain and a change in bowel habits (read: diarrhea and/or constipation), although each person experiences IBS differently and symptoms tend to come and go.

The cause of IBS isn't well understood, although there are many theories. Unlike other GI disorders like Crohn's or celiac disease, it doesn't result from any damage or disease in the digestive tract, so it's often referred to as a "brain-gut disorder."

Choosing the right foods can make all the difference for IBS sufferers.

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One proven way to reduce the frustrating symptoms of IBS is tweaking your diet to remove or limit common trigger foods. While these may be different for each person, research has shown that avoiding foods high in FODMAPs is a great place to start.

FODMAPs or fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols, and yes, that's a mouthful are a specific type of sugar found in some foods, such as apples, beans and yogurt. While they're not unhealthy, they can often make life less than pleasant for those with irritable bowel syndrome. Adopting a low-FODMAP diet might tame some IBS symptoms.

Read more about how the low-FODMAP diet was created, how it works and how to get started.

Research has shown that yoga can reduce anxiety, and it may also help with IBS symptoms.

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Because of the brain-gut connection in IBS, those with the condition often notice a link between their symptoms and their emotions. Anxiety and stress, in particular, can play a major role in IBS. Symptoms can trigger these feelings, and they in turn can make symptoms worse (talk about a vicious cycle!).

Fortunately, there are a range of stress-management therapies including yoga and gut-directed hypnosis that can aid in relieving the discomfort.

Check out six treatments that have been proven to help alleviate anxiety and IBS symptoms.

Managing your emotions, along with making exercise and diet tweaks, can move you toward a healthy weight.

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Stress is also involved when it comes to the connection between IBS and weight. While some people with the condition struggle to keep weight on, others find it challenging to shed pounds but IBS itself isn't to blame.

Instead, weight loss might occur for some because they fear certain foods will trigger their symptoms, so they end up eating fewer calories and nutrients than they should. For others, losing weight is a challenge because they tend to stick with "safe" foods that aren't all that healthy.

Walking can ease digestive issues and reduce stress, making it a double-win for IBS symptoms.

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Exercise is an important part of any healthy lifestyle, but it can really benefit people with IBS as long as it's the right kind (i.e. it isn't so intense that it ends up making the condition worse).

Research has shown that working out regularly can reduce anxiety, relieve constipation and support digestive health, which all adds up to less severe symptoms and an improved sense of wellbeing.

It's possible to manage your symptoms and live well with IBS.

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Although diet changes help a lot of people with IBS, there's still no cure for the condition and no "best" treatment for everyone.

You can and should discuss your options with your doctor or health care team, but living with the condition usually means doing some trial-and-error testing to find the best strategies to manage your personal symptoms.

Keeping a food diary, drinking more water and cutting out processed foods can all make a difference, as can finding healthy ways to reduce your stress levels. But there are a few other methods that might be effective, too.

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Living With IBS: Diet, Exercise and Symptom Management Tips - LIVESTRONG.COM

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