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The race for a coronavirus vaccine – The Week

Researchers are working frantically on a shot that would immunize people against Covid-19. Why does it take so long? Here's everything you need to know:

Is a vaccine close?Despite the global competition to develop a coronavirus vaccine, experts agree one won't be available for at least 12 to 18 months. The race kicked off Jan. 10, when Chinese scientists published the complete 30,000-letter genetic code of SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. That allowed scientists to make synthetic versions of the virus rather than waiting for sample shipments, and roughly 80 pharma giants, small labs, and government entities began chasing a cure. Moderna, a biotech startup in Cambridge, Massachusetts, produced a vaccine candidate that was injected into the arm of a 43-year-old Seattle mother in mid-March, smashing the world record for fastest human testing. Several other labs have since launched clinical trials. President Trump pledged to "slash red tape" slowing development, but scientists say it's not bureaucracy or pointless rules that make his request for a vaccine by summertime impossible.

What's the holdup?Before injecting a vaccine into millions of people, scientists need to conduct tests to prove that it actually protects against a specific pathogen and doesn't have serious side effects. Under normal circumstances, a vaccine can take a decade to get FDA approval. Coronavirus research is racing along, thanks largely to the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), a Norway-based organization founded in 2017 to help labs like Moderna plan for "prototype" pathogens. Yet although scientists are desperate to save lives, cutting corners could have treacherous consequences. (Extremely ill patients can get unproven treatments under "compassionate use" exceptions, but vaccines are administered to people before they get sick.) A vaccine for swine flu in 1976 gave hundreds of people a rare nerve disorder, and a vaccine for H1N1 bird flu in 2009 caused some Europeans to develop narcolepsy. Some failed vaccines have made recipients more vulnerable to the disease. A candidate vaccine for SARS was abandoned after it made mice more likely to die.

How is a vaccine created?There are no existing vaccines for coronaviruses, but new technology is accelerating the process; three hours after China published the COVID-19 genome, Inovio Pharmaceuticals in San Diego used a computer algorithm to produce a vaccine blueprint. Preventive vaccines use dead or weakened pathogens to prime the immune system to fight diseases in the case of COVID-19, by teaching it to recognize the coronavirus protein's "spikes" that latch onto cells. That recognition cues white blood cells to produce antibodies that can fight a real infection. Moderna is pursuing an original approach: injecting messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules that encode instructions for building coronavirus-like proteins, so they can be recognized as foreign threats.

How long will testing take?Clinical trials usually occur in three phases. First, about 50 healthy human volunteers are paid $1,100 each to be injected with a candidate vaccine, and then monitored to see if they produce antibodies without unintended side effects. If that's successful, a few hundred people get the vaccine, and their immune response and side effects are carefully studied. In phase three, several thousand people are tested: Half get the vaccine, half get a placebo; if vaccinated subjects don't get sick or get sick at much lower rates, the vaccine is ready for FDA approval. This all can take eight to 12 months. If and when a coronavirus vaccine is approved, other problems immediately arise: Who gets it first? And who pays for vaccinations if people are uninsured? Manufacturing billions of vaccine doses will take months, and rich nations could hoard limited supplies. Vaccinating every American could cost $165 billion, Time estimates.

What are the top contenders?Some of the most promising vaccines build on proven science. Janssen, the Belgian pharmaceutical subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson, is developing a vaccine modeled on the successful vaccine for Ebola. Inovio, the San Diegobased company, and Maryland-based Novavax are modeling vaccines on candidates in advanced trials for MERS, a coronavirus disease similar to COVID-19. In China, 1,000 scientists are working on a vaccine and launching more than 200 clinical trials to test everything from anti-flu drugs to ancient Chinese herbal medicine. Moderna's mRNA approach is also being used by the German company CureVac; German government officials accused Trump of trying to poach CureVac scientists and their intellectual property for the exclusive use of the U.S.

What's a realistic timeline?There are dozens of vaccines in the pipeline, but COVID-19 cases are expected to peak in the U.S. months before any of them is approved. Scientists raced to find vaccines for SARS, in the early 2000s, and MERS, in 2012, only to shelve their work when those outbreaks were contained. Experts have grimmer expectations for the longevity of coronavirus, meaning a vaccine ready a year from now could still save many millions of lives. With a large number of people getting sick and dying, the race for a vaccine requires a painful amount of patience. "I'm going to bed thinking we made some progress," Moderna president Stephen Hoge says, "and waking up every morning feeling further and further behind."

Promising treatments A treatment that lessens the impact of COVID-19 is expected to come before a vaccine, but doctors on the front lines warn against high hopes. "We have no idea what works or does not at this point," says Andre Kalil, an infectious-disease physician at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. Kalil is leading U.S. clinical trials for one of the most promising treatments, the antiviral drug remdesivir, which was developed for Ebola. In February, an American passenger on the Diamond Princess cruise ship who contracted coronavirus after the ship docked in Japan became Kalil's first volunteer. Other antivirals being researched are already in use for HIV and malaria. Other tests focus on drugs for lung inflammations, and antibody-based treatments, including using antibody-rich blood serum taken from coronavirus survivors. A survivor can spare enough serum for one to 10 people. A Johns Hopkins University team got FDA approval in mid-March to test this approach. "This is real," team leader Arturo Casadevall says. "In eight weeks, we may have something that's useful."

This article was first published in the latest issue of The Week magazine. If you want to read more like it, try the magazine for a month here.

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The herd and the mob – Prince George Citizen

Early in the pandemic, there was some talk by wishful politicians that herd immunity would be enough to deal with the coronavirus, that shutting down vast sections of the economy and putting millions out of work wouldnt be necessary. The idea was that enough people would be exposed, be mildly sick for a short time and then be immune, able to work and protect others.

Two problems with COVID-19 made herd immunity impossible. First, the ability for asymptomatic people to spread the virus for days, a fact well-known early in the pandemic, despite the senior politicians proclaiming as late as last week that they had no idea. Second, COVID-19 makes people far sicker for far longer and kills far more people than the average flu, again despite political leaders and American broadcasters insisting for too long, well into late March, that it was just another flu.

Herd immunity is what makes childhood vaccinations work so well. If the vast majority of children are vaccinated for measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, pertussis and so on, they form a wall of protection around the small group of children unable to be vaccinated due to underlying health conditions.

If there is one silver lining in this pandemic cloud, its hopefully that weve heard the last of anti-vaxxers. It will be a vaccine, after all, that will protect humans from COVID-19. Sadly, that vaccine wont come in time to save millions of people around the world, in our country and in our province.

Modern society has allowed many people to unplug from the herd. In a much earlier time in human history, selfishness, individuality, being a loner, going your own way was suicidal. The only way for early humans to survive in a hostile environment with few resources was to band together. Self-survival was intimately tied to the health and well-being of ones neighbour and the overall herd.

Human evolution experts are increasingly convinced by the fossil record and other evidence that homo sapiens survived while other forms of early human, such as Neanderthals, didnt because homo sapiens were better team players, using their imagination to adjust to new situations with innovative approaches to further the longevity of the herd.

In other words, survival of the fittest isnt individual brute strength, self-interest and mercilessly culling out the weak. Its kinship, collaboration and kindness.

The herd ethic isnt perfect, of course. The mob mentality is also a manifestation of the herd. Otherwise sensible people have found themselves looting, hoarding, rioting, wilfully putting themselves and others in danger and later cant explain why, their behaviour as senseless and against their self-interest as the creatures mindlessly following their neighbour off a cliff.

Fortunately, the mob never prevails, although it can do catastrophic damage in a short time, up to and including destruction of itself and the herd (sounds like a virus, doesnt it?).

Fortunately, that is rare. If it were more common, homo sapiens and the many other herd creatures wouldnt be here today.

The herd endures.

Its more than selflessness and altruism leading so many people to do the right thing - healthcare workers putting themselves at risk to treat people they dont know, essential workers showing up for their shifts, families staying home to protect themselves and others from COVID-19.

Thats the herd programming, hardwired deep in our brains, at work.

Thats the elephants and the bison and the musk ox forming a circle around the most vulnerable members of the herd while facing the external threat head-on.

For them and us, then and now, the herd is salvation, the mob annihilation.

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Market Insight: What Does the Sustainability & Climate Change Profession Look Like During, and After, COVID-19? –

Apr. 07 /CSRwire/ - Communication and transparency are important right now. It is useful to share perspectives and information. Brevity is also important as there is a lot for us all to do, so here is a short update of Acre's observations.

How is the current situation impacting the employment market?

Some organisations and industries have been hit hard by coronavirus, and our thoughts are with them, but there are plenty of organisations that have the opportunity to keep on trading unimpeded, or that may see a benefit from the current scenario.We have observed the following:

Existing recruitment processes have generally continued:About 80% of companies have continued their hiring processes despite the challenging backdrop. The number of interviews we are organizing has not dipped probably aided by the ease of video technology.

Companies are making hiring decisions based on video conference interviews:The majority of companies are willing to make hiring decisions based on videoconference interviews, so as not to lose momentum in recruitment processes

Purpose-driven jobs are still being created:Albeit at a reduced level, we have continued to take on a number of exceptional new assignments across all our global territories. We will continue to post these on our website and onLinkedIn, where appropriate.

What is the long-term outlook for the professions?

Our work focuses on system-level issues that need to be addressed over years, not months - in the wake of coronavirus these challenges will remain. Whats more, the current status quo is likely to galvanize a move towards a more sustainable global economic model.

The market has been growing:Over the past two years, Acre has experienced an acceleration in the growth of the sustainability employment market, driven by heightened corporate engagement, grass-roots mobilization, increased consumer awareness, regulatory pressure, and commitments that span borders, such as the Paris Climate Agreement.

There has also been a shift in the focus of the investment community for even greater standards of board accountability on how their business is adapting to a two-degree climate scenario.

Commitment to climate change is high:Whilst the 2008 recession reduced commitment to climate issues (some companies were recruiting Climate Change Directors prior to this point), climate change mitigation and adaptation is much more embedded in the makeup of our socioeconomic systems now, and as many have observed, the coronavirus epidemic may serve to enhance this further.

Opportunities will emerge:The 2008 recession had other positive impacts for the sustainability profession. For instance, companies began to look at how to achieve financial efficiencies within their businesses. For this reason, we experienced an enhanced demand for energy managers as companies looked to reduce their energy costs. The sustainability profession is diverse; amongst issues such as wellbeing, business ethics, supply chain, and circular economy there will be areas that are not only well sheltered but become more critical over the coming months.

Sustainability as a profession may be enhanced:Beyond 2008, companies who were focussed on achieving longevity began to evolve their perception of sustainability away from a CSR and public relations exercise, to a core strategic opportunity and a driver of business innovation. In an environment of challenge and constraint, it was inevitable that sustainability would have to account for itself.

The importance of sustainability is likely to be enhanced again, particularly as this time the issue is caused by a specific challenge that our profession will have a role in tackling.

Healthy, safe and well citizens:Inside and outside of business, there will be enhanced scrutiny of how people were treated during this time. Since the rise of social media and the public outcry at footage from events such as the Rana Plaza Factory collapse in Bangladesh in 2003, the world will be looking at how workforces and supply chains have been protected from both a health and an economic perspective. An increased value will be placed on functions that support this endeavour.

What is our collective role?

Companies and those who lead them have an obligation to play a positive and constructive role in supporting society to navigate the temporary challenge that we face.Our role is as follows:

To stay focused on the challenges we address:Coronavirus has swept across society quickly, so its effect is obvious however the impacts of climate change, ocean plastics, loss of biodiversity, poor air quality and human rights are enduring issues which pose enormous challenges and threats. It is essential not to lose sight of this.

To mobilize our teams to support:The sustainability profession has been responsible for the greatest feats of industrial collaboration in history (think multi stakeholder-initiatives) and we must collectively leverage this experience now - we all have a responsibility to support each other at times like this. Please pick up the phone if we can support you or provide information which will help with your personal decision making. We are enriched, energized and humbled by the open dialogues we are having with our clients and stakeholders.

To instill confidence in the market:To the best of our ability, we will continue to take a business-as-usual approach. At Acre, we are supporting our employees, sharing our progress with the market, and exploring how we can adapt in certain areas where market constraints currently exist.

Our pace remains the same our professions remit is vital to societal and environmental adaptation and we will press ahead with full commitment.

Please feel free to reach out to discuss any of the observations made above.

From all of us, we hope that you and your families are in good health.

Andy Cartland, Founder of Acre

About Acre

Sustainability & EHS Recruitment and Talent Development

Acre connects forward thinking organisations with purpose driven professionals. We work with functions which focus on resolving systemic challenges that impact society and the environment at a global level. These functions include; Sustainability and CSR, Corporate Affairs, ESG and Sustainable Finance, EHS as well as Energy and Clean Technology. To learn more,

Market Insight: What Does the Sustainability & Climate Change Profession Look Like During, and After, COVID-19? -

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This is the worst kind of food you can eat during the Coronavirus pandemic – Ladders

Carbohydrates have been a polarizing staple of diet science for what feels like forever. While most dieticians agree that the biomolecules are essential for healthy development, a much smaller majority agree about the extent to which they should be present in a balanced meal.

The Official Dietary Guideline for Americans recommends adults receive half of their daily calorie intake from carbs though some experts believe portions should be influenced by the specific physiological characteristics of each individual.

In either case there are healthy ways to secure said value and unhealthy ways to neutralize its potential.

This is the source of the controversy. There are many different sub-classes of the macronutrient and each serves or hinders various biological functions.

Now more than ever, its important to expel agents studied to compromise immunization. In this regard, carbohydrates are especially relevant.

With the exception of fiber, carbohydrates provide energy after being transformed into glucose upon consumption or later on in the form of fat stores. FIber facilities important gut bacteria that enable us to absorb and make use of important minerals and substances.

In nutrition, carbs can be categorized three different ways:

Sugars: Short-chain carbohydrates like glucose, fructose, galactose, and sucrose.

Starches: Long chains of molecules that break down into glucose during digestion.

Fiber: These carbs cannot be digested by humans which makes them uniquely useful for the bacteria residing in our gastrointestinal tract.

There is another salient distinction among the classifications above: Simple and Complex carbohydrates, alternatively referred to as Whole or Refined carbohydrates.

Whole carbs are unprocessed and contain fiber found naturally in food. Think fruit, legumes, potatoes, and whole grains i.e healthy carb sources.

Refined carbs have been processed and stripped of their natural fiber. Think fruit juices, pastries, white bread, white pasta, and white rice i.e unhealthy carb sources.

Theres yet another classification that informs the degree to which bad carbs are bad for those who consume them with any sort of regularity.

White bread might not be the healthiest source for the nutrient but it does offer a justifiable portion of the health benefits associated with its tanner cousin. Fast carbs like french fries and pizza dough, on the other hand, offer a heaping of setbacks without the benefits.

The chemical structure of the wheat in most processed foods has been transformed into a fast carb. The extremely long chains of starch in whole grain are pummeled, using industrial techniques, into much shorter chains. When we eat them, they flood our complex digestive system with glucose molecules that are swiftly absorbed by the body. They come to us essentially predigested, David Kessler Former commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration explained in a new report.

Kessler goes on to detail sobering tactics employed by ad agencies trying to capitalize on a health boom while maintaining its stable of junk food junkies.

Thanks to buzz words like whole grain and organic manufacturers are able to maneuver around pesky nutrition labels. Its not uncommon to see phrases like Made with real ingredients! headline fine print composed of categorically unhealthy ingredients. This is especially easy to do with carbohydrates because theyre in most things and the public is collectively unsure about which words separate the good from the bad.

Leading the blind are the millions of willfully self-destructive middle class Americans too encumbered by rising household debt, unemployment rates, and sharp mental decline to be fussed about parsing through a grocery list every week.

The average American consumes over 1,000 calories of unhealthy fast carbohydrates and sugars every day and receives an additional 500 from the fats and oils added to many of these foods.

Processed carbohydrates have become a staple of the American diet, and the consequences are wreaking havoc on our bodies, Kessler continued.

The COVID-19 pandemic has really emphasized the liabilities associated with these numbers. By and large, those who have succumbed to critical forms of the disease are patients with underlying conditions caused by poor eating habits.

Although a wealthy nation with as many resources as the US should be well defended against pathogens in the 21st century, few insiders were blindsided by SARS Cov-2s rapid progression.

The world is simply not prepared to deal with a diseasean especially virulent flu, for examplethat infects large numbers of people very quickly. Of all the things that could kill 10 million people or more, by far the most likely is an epidemic, Bill Gates said in a Ted Talk from 2015.

Once were on the other side of this horrific black swan conflagration its important we dont forget about the factors that stoked the flame. Policy concessions on universal healthcare need to be made on behalf of our elected officials and nutritional guidelines need to be adhered to on behalf of the rest of us.

From a tangle of intricate science, then, a simple strategy emerges. Our best path to health comprises three basic steps: limit fast carbs, exercise with moderate intensity, and lower LDL levels. Following these recommendations will change our nations health as significantly as reducing tobacco use has done, Kessler concludes.

When the next health crisis inevitably occurs, lets hope the national response resembles a process more than a race.

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Healthy Living: What you need to know about the coronavirus – Norwich Bulletin

Dr. John Graham of Day Kimball Healthcare provides information on the coronavirus.

By Dr. John Graham, For The Bulletin

COVID-19, the respiratory disease caused by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), continues to spread around the world and in the United States.

Coronaviruses, named for their crownlike shape, are a large family of viruses that range from the common cold to more serious diseases and can infect both humans and animals. The virus at the center of the latest outbreak is being referred to as a novel (new) coronavirus, since its something that health offices have not seen before.

Note to readers: All of The Bulletins coverage of coronavirus is being provided for free to our readers. Please consider supporting local journalism by subscribing to The Bulletin at

The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person:

Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).

Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

The best way to prevent the spread of COVID-19 is to limit exposure. This means staying home as much as you can and minimizing contact with others.

Symptoms can appear anywhere between 2 to 14 days after exposure and may include fever, cough and shortness of breath.

You should call your medical provider for advice if you experience these symptoms, especially if you have been in close contact with a person known to have COVID-19 or live in an area with ongoing spread of the disease.

Seek medical attention immediately if you experience emergency warning signs, including difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, persistent pain or pressure in the chest, new confusion or ability to arouse, or bluish lips or face. This list is not inclusive, so consult your medical provider if you notice other concerning symptoms.

As you go about your day, you should assume that everyone has the virus including you and could possibly spread it. Although there is no vaccine available to prevent infection with COVID-19, you can follow safe hygiene practices to stay healthy and prevent illness including:

Practice social distancing. Physically distance yourself from others by at least six feet.

Wash your hands often with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based gel.

Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

Avoid close contact with people who are sick.

Stay home if youre sick.

Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

As with any new infection, recommendations are changing frequently. For the latest information, refer to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website,, and the CT Department of Public Health website,

Dr. John Graham is the chief medical officer and vice president of Quality and Medical Affairs at Day Kimball Healthcare. For more information on Day Kimball Healthcares response to the coronavirus disease 2019, visit

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HEALTHY LIVING Healthy living, tobacco and you – Port Arthur News – The Port Arthur News

You have decided to work towards a healthier lifestyle. You have increased your activity levels. You are making better food choices based on fueling your body rather than rewarding yourself with calorie dense foods. However you are still using some form of tobacco, even if you have cut down, or even worse, you have switched to smokeless tobacco with the idea it is better for your lungs. You are still addicted to tobacco. Yes, that is the correct term, addicted. Tobacco is very addictive and smokeless tobacco is even more addictive that smoking.

Smoking in America is down but not out. Today, 20% of U.S. adults are smokers, compared to 45% in 1965, when smoking was at its peak. But even at the current level of tobacco use, an estimated 440,000 Americans per year lose their lives to lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, or other smoking-related illnesses. On average, smokers die 14 years before nonsmokers, and half of all smokers who dont quit are killed by their habit, even if they are following other healthy habits. Recent reports show tobacco use is on the rise in teens, a tragic situation.

Lets go over some very common myths, reasons, and excuses. I have heard them all. The most pathetic thing I see is people smoking while they walk across the parking lot to the front door of the gym and then stamp out the cigarette just before walking in. Worse yet, wads of tobacco spit out near the front door. Yuk.

Myth: My other healthy habits make up for my tobacco use. Some tobacco users justify their habit by insisting that proper nutrition and lots of exercise is enough to keep them healthy. Not so. Tobacco use affects every organ system in the body, and thinking that youre going to find the perfect lifestyle to counteract it effects are just not realistic.

Myth: Switching to light cigarettes will cut my risk. Smokers who switch to brands labeled light or mild inevitably compensate for the lower levels of tar and nicotine by inhaling smoke more deeply or by smoking more of each cigarette. Similarly, cigarettes labeled natural or organic are no safer than ordinary cigarettes.

Myth: Ive smoked for so long; the damage is already done. The damage caused by smoking is cumulative, and the longer a person smokes, the greater his/her risk for life-threatening ailments. But quitting smoking at any age brings health benefits. According to the American Cancer Society, smokers who quit before age 35 prevent 90% of the risk of health problems from smoking. A smoker who quits before age 50 halves his/her risk of dying within the next 15 years compared to someone who continues to smoke.

Myth: Trying to quit smoking will stress me out and thats unhealthy. True, tobacco withdrawal is stressful. But theres no evidence that the stress has negative long-term effects. In fact, research shows that smokers who quit begin eating better, exercising more, and feeling better about themselves.

Myth: The weight gain that comes with quitting is just as unhealthy as smoking. Smokers who quit gain an average of 14 pounds. But the risk posed by carrying the extra pounds is miniscule compared to the risk of continuing to smoke. Besides, you have already made that decision to live healthier and you arent filling your body with junk foods anymore.

Myth: Nicotine products are just as unhealthful as smoking. Nicotine is safe when used as directed. Even using nicotine every day for years would be safer than smoking. After all, nicotine products deliver only nicotine. Cigarettes deliver nicotine along with 4,000 other compounds, including more than 60 known carcinogens, according to the American Lung Association.

You can do this. No one can make you; YOU have to really want to quit. And lets look at another bright bit of news; the average one pack a day smoker spends $2,000. each year!! Just think of what you can do with an extra 2 Grand!

Its all up to you, living healthy is a total lifestyle commitment that you are in complete control of. I believe in you. You can do it!

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How to Keep Up Your Healthy Habits When Youre Working From Home – POPSUGAR

We've partnered with Revive Superfoods to help you prioritize your health and wellness and live well, no matter what. Use the code 60OFF to get 60 percent off your first box!

Weekdays are usually for being responsible. A typical Monday through Friday might include getting up early to work out before going into the office, where you'll eat your carefully meal-prepped salad and maybe snack on a protein bar.

Being told that you're working from home for the foreseeable future completely upends your usual healthy weekday routine. Now, your living room is your office, gym, and dining room plus, your snack stash is just a few feet away. Keeping up your same healthy habits while working from home requires a little more planning and a bit more discipline, but it's still totally doable. Rely on these six healthy-living strategies to get through it.

Even though you're not commuting to the office, try to still get up at the usual time. Sticking to a routine makes it feel more like a regular workday, and you can use extra time at home to ease into your morning. Spend a few minutes stretching, get some reading done, or just sip your coffee and enjoy some peace and quiet.

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No commute means you have no reason to rush right into the workday. Instead, make time to slow down and practice mindfulness before checking your inbox. Set a timer on your phone and spend five minutes quietly meditating, or jot down three things you're grateful for in your journal.

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Image Source: Revive Superfoods

Away from the office donuts and candy jar, it might seem like it would be easier to eat healthy at home. But, the temptation to pop into the kitchen for some chips can be really tough to resist when you're working just a few feet away. To encourage yourself to eat well, order healthy meals from Revive Superfoods, a meal delivery service offering everything from ready-to-blend smoothies to heat-and-serve burrito bowls. All of these nutritionally balanced meals are ready in minutes perfect for days with back-to-back conference calls and video meetings!

You can order on a weekly or monthly basis, and choose the number of meals that work best for you. Best of all, your order arrives through contactless delivery right to your doorstep. Knowing that you have a healthy (and tasty!) breakfast, lunch, and dinner on lock reduces the temptation to snack all day long.

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Just because you can work from your bed doesn't necessarily mean you should. As comfy as it might seem at first, a slouchy couch or squishy mattress can wreak havoc on your back after a few hours. Pick an area to designate as your workspace, then deck it out with everything you need to set yourself up for success. Consider a supportive yet comfortable desk chair, a big-screen monitor, a wireless mouse, an adjustable standing desk, and anything else you might need.

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With no water cooler to walk to, it's all too easy to forget to hydrate while working from home. Set calendar reminders to drink water, or fill a stylish glass carafe with water and place it near your desk.

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While you can't sign up for a barre class at your usual studio right now, you can still plan your workouts into your day. Countless studios and gyms are offering live and on-demand classes through their websites and social media accounts right now. Whether you choose to follow along at home or direct your own self-guided workout, try planning your fitness routine at the beginning of each week. Actually writing down a schedule will help you stick to your goals and ensure you don't fall victim to the siren song of the couch after a long day on the computer.

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Healthy lifestyle reduces risk of disease – Jill Lopez

he longer you lead a healthy lifestyle during midlife, the less likely you are to develop certain diseases in later life.

The more time a person doesn't smoke, eats healthy, exercises regularly, maintains healthy blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels and maintains a normal weight, the less likely they are to develop diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease or to die during early adulthood.

The American Heart Association (AHA) had recommended a renewed focus on prevention to reduce the development of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) as part of its 2020 Impact Goal to improve population cardiovascular health (CVH) by 20 percent and reduce CVD mortality by 20 percent. While unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are associated with higher risks for certain diseases and death, the association of the duration in which people maintain a healthy lifestyle with the risk of disease and death had not yet been studied.

Using data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS), researchers from Boston University School of Medicine observed participants for approximately 16 years and assessed the development of disease or death. They found that for each five-year period that participants had intermediate or ideal cardiovascular health, they were 33 percent less likely to develop hypertension, approximately 25 percent less likely to develop diabetes, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease, and 14 percent less likely to die compared to individuals in poor cardiovascular health.

"Our results indicate that living a longer period of time in adulthood with better cardiovascular health may be potentially beneficial, regardless of age. Overall, our findings underscore the importance of promoting healthy behaviors throughout the life-course," explained corresponding author Vanessa Xanthakis, PhD, FAHA, assistant professor of medicine at BUSM and Investigator for FHS.

The researchers hope this study will help people understand the importance of achieving an ideal cardiovascular health early in life and motivate them to maintain a healthy lifestyle. "On the community-level, this will overall help reduce morbidity and mortality associated with diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and death during late adulthood."

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The Best Health and Wellness Programs to Keep You Balanced at Home – Us Weekly

Most ofUshave been living without access to our usual gyms or workout spaces for weeks now. Its easy to completely get off track with a fitness regimen, but there are plenty of resources out there that can help you keep up with your exercise routine and maintaining normalcy is crucial at the moment!

Though its not quite like going to a group fitness class, there are a wide variety of apps and online programs that stream workouts from the best instructors and studios in the country. Some of these resources also provide nutritional guides so that you can feel as healthy as possible even with a well-stocked pantry nearby. This is a great time to dedicate some unused energy to focus on getting in shape especially if thats something that youve been putting off since the new year kicked off. Not only is working out beneficial for the body, it can help you center yourself and keep busy while spending more time in the house.

Weve rounded up all of our at-home favorite options below so that you can find one that works for your needs!

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Size & State of the South African Health & Beauty Spa Industry, 2020 – Increasing Interest in Alternative Treatments such as Yoga, Reiki,…

DUBLIN, April 6, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Health and Beauty Spa Industry in South Africa 2020" report has been added to's offering.

This report focuses on the Health and Beauty Spa Industry including the latest trends and developments and factors that influence the sector. There are profiles of 25 companies including national chains and franchises such as Mangwanani, Amani, Africology Imbalie and Sorbet. There are also profiles of hotels that operate in the sector such as the Mount Nelson and One and Only.

The Health and Beauty Spa Industry:

Spending on spa products and services had been growing in line with a growing middle class, booming wellness tourism industry and interest in healthy living and stress reduction. However, the coronavirus lockdown and travel restrictions have effectively stopped travel and tourism, which will have serious implications for the tourism and spa industries. The lockdown has seen all spas in South Africa close their doors. Many spas and beauty salons had already closed prior to the lockdown in order to protect their staff and customers. As an industry that comes into direct, close contact with the public, the spa industry will experience significant losses, even after the virus is contained, as customers may continue to exercise social distancing.

New Trends:

Spas have responded to a rising need for mental wellness, stress reduction and improved health with additional services such as nutritional assessments, counselling, holistic personal wellness plans and coaching. Wellness tourism grew faster than other tourism, and there has been an increasing interest in alternative treatments such as yoga, reiki, mindfulness sessions and sound, light and water therapy. More spas were also offering medical aesthetics treatments, which include micro-needling, chemical peels, laser and intense pulsed light treatments. Other trends include demand for tandem or group sessions and mobile spas.

Opportunities for SMEs:

There are many franchise and entrepreneurial opportunities in the sector including nail bars and mobile spas which have been growing in popularity at company events and wellness days as well as by people who prefer to have these treatments at home. Manufacturing and selling product ranges to spas and other retail outlets is an opportunity for SMEs.

Key Topics Covered

1. Introduction

2. Description of the Industry

2.1. Industry Value Chain

2.2. Geographic Position

3. Size of the Industry

4. State of the Industry

4.1. Local

4.1.1. Corporate Actions

4.1.2. Regulations

4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development

4.2. Continental

4.3. International

5. Influencing Factors

5.1. Coronavirus

5.2. Tourism

5.3. Economic Environment

5.4. Rising Operating Costs

5.5. Technology, Research & Development (R&D) and Innovation

5.6. Labour

5.7. Cyclicality

5.8. Environmental Concerns

6. Competition

6.1. Barriers to Entry

7. SWOT Analysis

8. Outlook

9. Industry Associations

10. References

10.1. Publications

10.2. Websites

Company Profiles

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Size & State of the South African Health & Beauty Spa Industry, 2020 - Increasing Interest in Alternative Treatments such as Yoga, Reiki,...

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