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EU spending tens of millions of euros a year to promote meat eating – The Guardian

The EU has been accused of an indefensible approach to human health and the climate crisis in spending tens of millions of euros each year on campaigns to reverse the decline in meat eating and trying to rebut so-called fake news on the mistreatment of animals bred for food.

Campaigns range from those designed to counter official warnings about the risk of cancer from eating red meat, to improving the public image of veal products said to be crucial in deriving value from young male calves superfluous to the dairy industry.

The EU provides an annual 200m (166m) subsidy for the promotion of agricultural products each year. About 60m has been spent in the last three years on 21 meat marketing campaigns, including in the UK, according to research by the Dutch animal welfare organisation Wakker Dier.

The stated ambition of many of the projects has been to halt a decline in meat consumption amid a growing trend to vegetarianism among Europes young people.

The livestock sector is responsible for about 14.5% of total human-derived greenhouse gas emissions. Scientists have provided evidence of a link between cancer and diets involving pork, beef and lamb products.

The description on the European commission website of one recent campaign entitled Pork Lovers Europe, which secured 1.4m for marketing, including a road-show with a pink bus painted to look like a pig, noted that the consumption of pork meat in Europe has decreased in recent years.

It continued: Therefore, it is very important to promote pork meat to restore the confidence of the consumer, which was shaken by news such as the last IARC [International Agency for Research on Cancer] report.

Scientists at the IARC, a UN agency, reported in 2015 that the consumption of bacon, red meat and glyphosate weedkiller increased the risk of developing cancer. The Pork Lovers Europe adverts targeted consumers in the UK, Spain, Germany, France and Portugal.

A campaign by the Association of Poultry Processors and Poultry Trade which will be run in six member states at a cost to EU taxpayers of 4.4m aims over the next two years to contradict myths and fake news about the rearing and slaughter of chickens for meat.

EU poultry consumption in the European Union is still increasing but at a slower pace, as more and more consumers are mistrustful regarding the poultry meat production, the European commissions website says. The campaign, targeting a 1.22% growth in chicken consumption in 2020 and 2021, is aimed at young children, professionals, media and opinion leaders.

A second pork campaign received a 2.5m subsidy for an initiative aimed at Danes and Swedes. Pork is no longer a natural part of the diet of young Scandinavians, the commission website says. They tend to eat less meat in general and to avoid pork in particular. The aim is to increase consumer demand and thus halt any otherwise expected fall.

A campaign in favour of the Dutch veal sector to promote the meat of calves in the Belgian, Italian and French markets received a 6m subsidy.

The veal market has been declining since the 2000s, says a description of the project on the commission website. There are various reasons for this: the economic crisis, changes in consumption behaviour and above all a lack of top-of-mind awareness. France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Italy are minded to fight this fall in consumption by boosting the image consumers have of European veal.

Sjoerd van de Wouw, a researcher at Wakker Dier foundation, said the funding policy was outdated indefensible. We understand that you need to consider the interests of producers but not by completing ignoring the interests of consumers and the climate, he said.

In response, a European commission spokesman said: The selection of projects is based on a strict and defined procedure involving external evaluators. The producers organisations send proposals regarding their campaign ideas and also participate in the funding of the campaigns.

In an effort to constantly evaluate and adjust its existing policy, the commission will soon launch a public consultation on the EU promotion policy for agricultural products.

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Join the Emergency Response Team at Norwalk Health Dept. – HamletHub

The Norwalk Health Department needs adults who live or work in Norwalk for key positions on its Emergency Response Team (ERT). This team of volunteerswhich includes people with both medical and non-medical backgrounds donates their time and expertise to prepare for and respond to emergencies and to promote healthy living year-round.

The goal of the ERT is to extend the resources of the professional Health Department staff. ERT volunteers work with public health officials to spread preparedness messages within the community and assist with other public health programs and events. The Health Department provides training and insurance, while volunteers provide their time and skills. This latest cohort of volunteers will join a dedicated and diverse group of more than 140 people whove already been trained and serve on the ERT. Sign up now. Group interviews for this cohort will be held on February 26 at 7 pm or March 2 at 4 pm.

Training sessions will be held on March 10, 17, 24, and 31, 2020 (7 9 pm each night) at the Norwalk Health Department (137 East Avenue, Norwalk, CT). Advanced registration is required.

Call (203) 854-7979, or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. to sign up and get more information. About the Norwalk Health Department: Under the direction of the mayor, and with valuable guidance from its six-member Board of Health, the Norwalk Health Department provides a variety of services and programs to fulfill its mission: to prevent and control the spread of disease, promote a healthy environment, and protect the quality of life within its changing community.

The Health Department achieved accreditation through the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) in June 2014, demonstrating that it meets or exceeds national public health standards and commits to continuously improve the quality of the services it delivers. More information is available at http://www.norwalkhealth.com.

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Remyelination Potential of MS Therapy in Phase 2 Testing Evident in Animal Work, Study Says – Multiple Sclerosis News Today

Clene Nanomedicines remyelination therapy candidate, CNM-Au8, showed a robust ability to stimulate the production of new myelin and increase the number of myelin-wrapped nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord of animals in models of demyelinating disease, allowing mice to recover motor skills, a study reports.

Such preclinical data support the efficacy of this potential treatment, now being tested in clinical trials with multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.

These early findings were reported in the study Nanocatalytic activity of clean-surfaced, faceted nanocrystalline gold enhances remyelination in animal models of multiple sclerosis, published in the journalNature Scientific Reports.

In MS, the immune system attacks myelin, the protective sheath around nerve fibers or axons. Myelin is essential for the fast transmission of electrical signals between neurons, and its loss (demyelination) damages the integrity of nerve cells and their ability to communicate with each other.

Finding therapies that promote remyelination the recovery of myelin is a high priority for MS, the researchers noted.Such treatments could potentially repair demyelinating lesions in the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), restoring function to nerve cells affected by the disease.

Most approved MS therapies dampen the immune systems activity to prevent further myelin damage. However, they cannot undo existing damage or replace the myelin sheaths that have been lost.

Clene Nanomedicines lead compound, CNM-Au8, is a potential remyelination therapy for MS and other neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinsons disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

CNM-Au8 is a solution of gold (Au) nanoparticles with apatented crystal structure, named a clean-surfaced nanocrystal (CSN). According to the company, these nanocrystals have properties that make them highly biologically active, allowing them to facilitate certain energy-related reactions within cells.

In the brain, both neurons and supporting cells, includingoligodendrocytesthat produce myelin, need substantial amounts of energy to work. In fact, the brain consumes more than 25% of the bodys metabolic resources in order to sustain the efficient flux of information through its vast network of nerve fibers.

CNM-Au8 is expected to enhance key metabolic reactions in neurons and oligodendrocytes so to increase energy reserves within these cells, while decreasing the harmful molecules naturally generated by the cells metabolism. This process, which Clene calls nanocatalysis, is thought to improve the survival and function of neurons, and to support the ability of oligodendrocytes to create new myelin.

CNM-Au8 has demonstrated a good safety profile in Phase 1 studies in healthy volunteers, and preclinical studies in animal models of MS and other diseasesindicate the therapyhas both remyelination and neuroprotection effects.

Several ongoing Phase 2 trials are evaluating CNM-Au8 in neurodegenerative diseases, including two studies in people with non-active, relapsing MS.

REPAIR-MS (NCT03993171) is an open-label Phase 2 trial assessing the safety, pharmacokinetics (availability of the therapy in the body) and pharmacodynamics (its effects) of differing oral doses of CNM-Au8 in 24 adults with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). This study is currently enrolling eligible patients at theUniversity of Texas Southwestern. More details can be foundhere. It is expected to conclude in the fall.

Another Phase 2 trial, called VISIONARY-MS (NCT03536559), is investigating the efficacy and safety of CNM-Au8 in up to 150 adults with RRMS, who have chronic vision problems due to lesions (chronic optic neuropathy). This study is also recruiting at nine sites across Australia, and is supported by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Contact and site information is available here. Results from VISIONARY-MS are expected in 2021.

Now, the preclinical work by researchers at Clene Nanomedicine, Northwestern University, and George Washington Universityprovides additional evidence supporting the ability of these gold nanocrystalsto promote remyelination in cell and animal models of MS.

We are gratified at the publication of these data. These results establish the rationale for our ongoing Phase 2 clinical trial, VISIONARY-MS, which is designed to demonstrate the efficacy of CNM-Au8 for the treatment of chronic optic neuropathy in patients with non-active relapsing MS, Robert Glanzman, MD, chief medical officer of Clene Nanomedicine, said in a press release.

Researchers found that oral delivery of CNM-Au8 to mice and rat models of demyelination led to robust remyelination activity in the brain and spinal cord, leading to higher numbers of myelin-wrapped axons. Study data also showed that CNM-Au8 resulted in a greater migration of oligodendrocytes to lesion sites, and increased myelin production.

The remyelination promoted by CNM-Au8 was also matched by a significant recovery of physical abilities in the mice, evaluated using different locomotor and fine motor tests.

Working on cells in lab dishes, known as in vitro assays, the scientists showed that treating oligodendrocyte precursor cells with CNM-Au8 stimulated their differentiation and maturation, and the expression of myelin-related markers.

The gold nanocrystals were seen to act via a novel energy metabolism pathway that speeds the conversion of NADH to NAD+, a critical factor for sensing and producing energy in cells. CNM-Au8 also increased the levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a small molecule used as fuel by cells, and turned on genes related to myelin production, collectively resulting in functional myelin generation, the researchers reported.

These results further validate our entirely new approach using therapeutic gold nanocatalysts as a mechanism to support the cellular viability and enhanced function of neurons and oligodendrocytes, saidKaren Ho, PhD, one of the studys authors and director of Translational Medicine at Clene Nanomedicine.

CNM-Au8 is one of a limited number of drugs being developed which have demonstrated remyelination capabilities. We believe these data exemplify a strong step forward in the development of a treatment to improve function in the lives of more than one million people living with MS in the U.S., Ho concluded.

Ana is a molecular biologist with a passion for discovery and communication. As a science writer, she looks for connecting the public, in particular patients and healthcare providers, with clear and quality information about the latest medical advances. Ana holds a Ph.D. in Biomedical Sciences from the University of Lisbon, Portugal, where she specialized in infectious diseases, epigenetics, and gene expression.

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Patrcia holds her PhD in Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases from the Leiden University Medical Center in Leiden, The Netherlands. She has studied Applied Biology at Universidade do Minho and was a postdoctoral research fellow at Instituto de Medicina Molecular in Lisbon, Portugal. Her work has been focused on molecular genetic traits of infectious agents such as viruses and parasites.

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How nanotechnology is transforming medicine and the future of biology – Cosmopolis

Nanotechnology will transform our lifes, our economy, our future. The book of the Oxford professor of biological physics, Sonia Contera, Nano Comes To Life: How Nanotechnology Is Transforming Medicine and the Future of Biology (Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr), explains why and how.

Nanotechnologies allow scientists to visualize, interact with, manipulate and create matter at the nanometer scale. Nanotechnology can manipulate the building blocks of life and, therefore, life itself because proteins and DNA are nano-size.

According to Sonia Contera, health and longevity will be affected. Nanoscale machines can target individual cancer cells and deliver drugs more effectively. Nanoantibiotics can fight resistant bacteria and makes it possible to engineer tissues and organs for research, drug discovery and transplantation.

Nanotechnology directly links the macroscopic world of our perceptions with the nanoscopic world of individual biomolecules. To restore humans to perfect health, we would need to know how molecules work in a specific environment, why and how they malfunction in a desease and who to reach them, target them, deactivate or activate them. To cure, we need to go from the macroscopic size of the doctor to the nanometer scale of biomolecules. Sonia Conteras book tries to show how far we have come so far.

Nanotechnology has attracted physical scientists to biology. In the last decades of the 20th century, artificial nanomaterials and the tools of nanotechnology came into existence. Physcial scientists sought to know how and why biology first constructed itself using nano-size building blocks in the medium of (salty) water. The coupling of physics and chemistry give rise to biological function. Scientists focused on using nanotechnologys methods to learn the workings of proteins, DNA and other important nano-size biomolecules. They became biological physicists. Others, more practical, saw opportunities to design nanomaterials that could be used to address disease, improving on current pharmacological treatments; they became nanomedicine scientists.

Cross-disciplinary activity led to the development of tools specifically built for studying biological processes and their nano-actors in physiological conditions. Nano-bioscientists eroded the boundaries between materials sciences, physics, chemistry and biology.

The last decades saw the emergence of quantitative biology. Physicists try to create mathematical models of biological processes. They try to predict the behavior of specific biological processes in the computer (in silico), without experiments. This shall allow to progressively abandon the trial-and-error methods of the traditional biological, medical and pharmacological sciences which are slow, costly and often lead to inefficient new drugs.

Biological physics, the help of algorithms, the analysis of biological big data and AI will lead to increasingly (more) accurate and smart models of life. However, knowing the workings of the building blocks (of life) is not enough to predict the behaviour of the whole: at larger scales, biology exhibits behaviors that the smaller constituents do not exhibit, or that cannot be explained from the relationships between their molecular building blocks. Sonia Contera explains that this is because complexly organized matter presents collective phenomena arising from cooperative interactions between the building blocks (these properties emerge). Examples are cellular movements, mechanical vibrations in the brain, electrical signaling across the membranes of cells, changes in the shape or stiffness, none of which can be predicted from just knowing the molecules that constitute a particular structure. For instance, nanotechnology would allow simultanously targeting the molecular, the cellular and the issue-level biology of a tumor.

Biology, mathematics, physics and engineering sciences used in nanotechnology will radically change, the way we find, interpret and treat disease. Nanotechnology will transform biology and medicine. Sonia Contera explores the complexity of biology, the birth of DNA technology, DNA nanorobotics, nanomedicine, recreating tissues and organs, addresses issues such as fear of technology, technology and equality. These are just a few take-aways from this substantial book written for non-specialists.

The author writes that we as human beings have no other choice than to mature to become part of the whole in a physical, economic and social sense. We have to advance into the construction of a new relationship with nature that allows our survival.

Sonia Contera: Nano Comes To Life: How Nanotechnology Is Transforming Medicine and the Future of Biology. Hardcover, Princeton University Press, November 2019, 216 pages. Order the book, the source for this article, from Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr.

For a better reading, quotations and partial quotations in this book review are not put between quotation marks.

Book review added on February 14, 2020 at 16:14 German time.

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NANOBIOTIX Announces Fast Track Designation Granted By U.S. FDA For Investigation of First-in-class NBTXR3 In Head and Neck Cancer – Business Wire

PARIS & CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Regulatory News:

NANOBIOTIX (Paris:NANO) (Euronext: NANO - ISIN: FR0011341205 the Company), a clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering new approaches to the treatment of cancer, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Fast Track designation for the investigation of NBTXR3 activated by radiation therapy, with or without cetuximab, for the treatment of patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell cancer who are not eligible for platinum-based chemotherapy.

Fast Track is a process designed to facilitate the development and accelerate the review of drugs for serious conditions and that have the potential to address unmet medical needs. The purpose is to expedite the availability of new treatment options for patients.

A product that receives Fast Track designation is eligible for1:

About NBTXR3

NBTXR3 is a first-in-class product designed to destroy tumors through physical cell death when activated by radiotherapy. NBTXR3 has a high degree of biocompatibility, requires one single administration before the first radiotherapy treatment session, and has the ability to fit into current worldwide radiotherapy radiation therapy standards of care. The physical mode of action of NBTXR3 makes it applicable across solid tumors such as lung, prostate, liver, glioblastoma, and breast cancers.

NBTXR3 is actively being evaluated locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) of the oral cavity or oropharynx in elderly and frail patients unable to receive chemotherapy or cetuximab with limited therapeutic options. Promising results have been observed in the phase I trial regarding local control. In the United States, the company has started the regulatory process for the clinical authorization of a phase II/III trial in locally advanced head and neck cancers.

Nanobiotix is also running an Immuno-Oncology development program. The Company received FDA approval to launch a clinical trial of NBTXR3 activated by radiotherapy in combination with anti-PD-1 antibodies in locoregional recurrent (LRR) or recurrent and metastatic (R/M) HNSCC amenable to re-irradiation of the HN and lung or liver metastases (mets)from any primary cancer eligible for anti-PD-1.

The other ongoing NBTXR3 trials are treating patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or liver metastases, locally advanced or unresectable rectal cancer in combination with chemotherapy, head and neck cancer in combination with concurrent chemotherapy, and prostate adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, the company has a large-scale, comprehensive clinical research collaboration with The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (9 new phase I/II clinical trials in the United States) to evaluate NBTXR3 across head and neck, pancreatic, thoracic, lung, gastrointestinal and genitourinary cancers.

About NANOBIOTIX: http://www.nanobiotix.com

Incorporated in 2003, Nanobiotix is a leading, clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering new approaches to significantly change patient outcomes by bringing nanophysics to the heart of the cell.

The Nanobiotix philosophy is rooted in designing pioneering, physical-based approaches to bring highly effective and generalized solutions to address unmet medical needs and challenges.

Nanobiotixs first-in-class, proprietary lead technology, NBTXR3, aims to expand radiotherapy benefits for millions of cancer patients. Nanobiotixs Immuno-Oncology program has the potential to bring a new dimension to cancer immunotherapies.

Nanobiotix is listed on the regulated market of Euronext in Paris (Euronext: NANO / ISIN: FR0011341205; Bloomberg: NANO: FP). The Companys headquarters are in Paris, France, with a US affiliate in Cambridge, MA, and European affiliates in France, Spain and Germany

1https://www.fda.gov/patients/fast-track-breakthrough-therapy-accelerated-approval-priority-review/fast-track

Disclaimer

This press release contains certain forward-looking statements concerning Nanobiotix and its business, including its prospects and product candidate development. Such forward-looking statements are based on assumptions that Nanobiotix considers to be reasonable. However, there can be no assurance that the estimates contained in such forward-looking statements will be verified, which estimates are subject to numerous risks including the risks set forth in the reference document of Nanobiotix registered with the French Financial Markets Authority (Autorit des Marchs Financiers) under number R.19-018 on April 30, 2019 (a copy of which is available on http://www.nanobiotix.com) and to the development of economic conditions, financial markets and the markets in which Nanobiotix operates. The forward-looking statements contained in this press release are also subject to risks not yet known to Nanobiotix or not currently considered material by Nanobiotix. The occurrence of all or part of such risks could cause actual results, financial conditions, performance or achievements of Nanobiotix to be materially different from such forward-looking statements.

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He had stroke and together they made a commitment to turn their lives around, one healthy choice at a time – News 5 Cleveland

CLEVELAND A new study from the Cleveland Clinic shows 83% of people with partners agree, if their partner adopted a healthy lifestyle, they would join.

However, about two out of three surveyed said they enable or are enabled by their partners unhealthy healthy habits.

Two-thirds of people are concerned about their partners health.

Kevin and Lisa Jackson are proof that supporting each other to live a healthy lifestyle, can change both lives.

The two have been married for almost 20 years. Theyve been through lifes ups and downs.

Back in February of last year, I had a stroke, said Kevin.

The stroke stemmed from atrial fibrillation, an irregular heart rhythm.

Lisa said it was scary.

I did think I was going to lose him, she said.

The stroke was a wake up call for Kevin. He said he knew he had to take the steps towards a healthier lifestyle.

We really focused on his extra weight that he had, and how we can make and take manageable steps to really help control that and bring it down, said Dr. Luke Laffin with the Cleveland Clinic.

Kevin took the advice to heart, but Lisa did, too. They made a lifestyle change together.

We pretty much do everything together, anyways, said Lisa.

They changed their diet.

I basically ate everything before, said Kevin.

Dr. Laffin recommended a Mediterranean diet. One that is high in plant-based protein, fish and whole grains.

My wife is an excellent cook and that helps out a whole lot, said Kevin.

They also started going to the gym on a regular basis.

We walk for about 55 minutes. We usually get in about 2 and a half miles, 3 to 4 times a week, said Lisa. Some days he doesnt feel like walking and I say come on, come on! I gotta get these pounds off.

They stayed faithful to their commitments.

Oh, we dont let one another cheat, said Kevin.

Since his stroke, Kevin has lost 35 pounds and Lisa lost 25 pounds.

Dr. Laffin said their dedication to each other is the key to their success.

If you have someone who is at home smoking or just sitting on the couch watching television, ordering fast food again, that makes it really difficult to undertake lifestyle choices, particularly, in someone who needs to with cardiovascular disease, said Dr. Laffin.

For the Jacksons, theres no going back.

I feel great. I feel better than Ive felt in years, said Kevin. We are going to make this journey together.

Dr. Laffin said if your partner is reluctant to help you out with your diet or exercise goals, but your doctor recommends it for your health, bring them to your doctors appointment with you so the healthcare professional can explain it to them.

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Nutritionist gives tips for developing healthy lifestyle in college, suggests meal plan – The Troubadour Online

THERESA BALICKSTAFF WRITER

Alocal nutritionistsaidthat students must develophealthier, long-lasting habits while in collegeto combat obesityin a talk Monday in the Fireside Lounge.

Adjunctprofessor Annie McKenna, a registered dietitian nutritionist who teaches clinical nutrition to nursing students, talked to a small group of students about the importance of monitoring eating habits while still young to avoid obesity in the future.

We have a huge epidemic in our country right now, McKenna said. We have more people who are obese than we have people that arent.

To combat the growing problem of obesity, McKenna suggested that students begin to examine both eating habits and lifestyle habits.

Eat healthy, life healthy, be healthy, McKenna said. The healthier you are, the better off youll live.

As a part of eating healthy, McKenna warned of the danger of oversizedportionsandofthe effects that too much food can have on health.

We eat more than we ever need, McKenna said. Its called portion distortion. Weve looked at the last 20 years how our portion sizes have changed, and weve gone from a reasonable portion to a bigger plate with mountains of food on it.

McKenna provided a plan for studentsonhow to eat well in the cafeteria, sharing tips such as meatless Mondays and Fridays,drinking water instead of soda,and eating a well-balanced meal of protein, whole grains, fruits and vegetables instead of only pizza and ice cream. She stressed the importance of not falling into the trap of eating to satisfy a craving.

What Im trying to do is teach you to make some decisions, McKenna said.

In addition to eating healthy, McKenna proposed methods of incorporating more movement intoadaily routine,such as standing workstations or yoga balls for seats.

You have to get up and move, McKenna said.

Martha Myer, freshman,said that she will start implementing some of McKennas suggestions into hereating habits.

Although I know it will take some intentionality and effort to implement her tips, Myer said,going in with a plan gives me enough guidance to know how I should be taking care of myselfinstead of just doing whatever I feel like.

McKennas talk, Nutrition in College, was sponsored by ResidenceLife.

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Getting Lots of Exercise Tied to Lower Risk of Kidney Disease – The New York Times

While kidney function can decrease gradually over time as people age, many people with healthy lifestyle habits maintain good kidney function throughout their lives. People who smoke, are obese, have a family history of kidney problems, or who have heart disease all are more likely to develop chronic kidney disease.

One limitation of the study is that researchers assessed exercise habits by surveying participants, not by using activity trackers to objectively measure how much or how intensely people exercised.

Also, researchers identified people with chronic kidney disease based on the results of a single lab test. Clinicians typically diagnose the condition based on two or more tests.

Still, the results build on earlier research suggesting that exercise might help avoid kidney disease, said Dr. Michal Melamed of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center in New York City.

"This is important for patients because physical activity is easily modifiable," Melamed, who wasn't involved in the study, said by email. "So, if people are concerned about their kidney function, if they have a family or personal history of kidney disease, it is probably a good idea to not lead a very sedentary lifestyle."

Doctors typically recommend that adults get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise each week.

While these guidelines don't directly address the risk of kidney disease, they are not a bad goal.

"It seems to be important to exercise regularly, every week and probably several times every week," Melamed said. "The people in this study, in the highest group of physical activity, either walked a little more than an hour every day or ran at least 2 hours a week, while the people in the lowest group walked less than 15 minutes a day."

SOURCE: https://bit.ly/2uOhfO9 British Journal of Sports Medicine, online January 22, 2020.

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Library to offer class on wearable health, fitness apps – Shawnee News Star

FridayFeb14,2020at12:01AM

The Bartlesville Public Library will host a class on Health Apps & Fitness Wearables, presented by Dax McCauley, at 1 p.m. on Thursday, Feb. 20.

Technology has transformed the way people take care of themselves by using mobile devices and accessories such as fitness bands to eat healthy, stay in shape and maintain a healthy lifestyle. There are plenty of wearable technologies and fitness apps to choose from. This class will review the features, functionality, and ease of use of the top 10 options so participants can select the best health apps and tracking devices to complement your health goals.

We hope everyone will join us for this innovative and very informative class, said BPL Literacy Coordinator Karen Kerr-McGraw.

McCauley is an exercise physiologist at Ascension St. John Jane Phillips Wellness Connection. He is a certified personal trainer specializing in strength and conditioning. He also organizes recreational activities and associate wellness programming.

This and all programs presented by the Bartlesville Public Library Literacy Services are funded by grants from the Oklahoma Department of Libraries and the Institute of Museum and Library Services. The program is free and open to the public. For more information, call 918-338-4179.

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Happy Wife, Happy Life! A Positive Life Partner Fosters Strong Mental Health In Old Age – Study Finds

EAST LANSING, Mich. Marriages and long-term relationships are rarely ever smooth sailing 100% of the time. A life-long partnership between two people is very much a journey that will inevitably experience peaks and valleys. That being said, as anyone who has been in such a relationship can attest, life is usually a whole lot more enjoyable when our significant other is in a good mood. Perhaps, then, we shouldnt be all that surprised that a new study finds a positive partner will foster good health in their significant other.

Researchers at Michigan State University have concluded that as an individual grows old with a happy life partner, they will see their risk of developing dementia, cognitive decline, or Alzheimersdisease steadily decline.

We spend a lot of time with our partners, comments William Chopik, assistant professor of psychology and co-author of the study, in a universityrelease. They might encourage us to exercise, eat healthier or remind us to take our medicine. When your partner is optimistic and healthy, it can translate to similar outcomes in your own life. You actually do experience a rosier future by living longer and staving off cognitive illnesses.

Living with a particularly optimistic partner makes it easier to lead a healthier lifestyle. The research team say that happier partners are much more likely to support their significant other in self-improvement initiatives, such as quitting smoking or visiting the gym more regularly.

We found that when you look at the risk factors for what predicts things like Alzheimers disease or dementia, a lot of them are things like living a healthy lifestyle, Chopik adds. Maintaining a healthy weight and physical activity are large predictors. There are some physiological markers as well. It looks like people who are married to optimists tend to score better on all of those metrics.

The study tracked close to 4,500 heterosexual couples, for as long as eight years in some cases. After analyzing the collected data, there was a clear connection between being married to an optimistic person and avoiding dementia or cognitive decline in old age.

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Theres a sense where optimists lead by example, and their partners follow their lead, Chopik explains. While theres some research on people being jealous of their partners good qualities or on having bad reactions to someone trying to control you, it is balanced with other research that shows being optimistic is associated with perceiving your relationship in a positive light.

Interestingly, the study also found that when older couples look back on cherished memories spent together, they tend to remember more intimate details than they may have initially recalled. Chopik cited a recent Super Bowl commercial in which an older gentlemen uses a Google Assistant to help him remember specifics about his late wife.

The things he was recollecting were positive things about his partner, Chopik says. There is science behind the Google ad. Part of the types of memories being recalled were positive aspects of their relationship and personalities.

Of course, some people are natural optimists, while the rest of us usually take a more pessimistic approach to the world. However, that doesnt mean all hope is lost for all the pessimists out there.

There are studies that show people have the power to change their personalities, as long as they engage in things that make them change, Chopik concludes. Part of it is wanting to change. There are also intervention programs that suggest you can build up optimism.

The study is published in the International Journal of Behavioral Development.

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